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To what extent do researchers agree on the causes and remediation of developmental dyslexia? How do you think any differences should be resolved?

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  • Essay length: 3716 words
  • Submitted: 28/01/2005
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University Degree Clinical Psychology

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To what extent do researchers agree on the causes and remediation of developmental dyslexia? How do you think any differences should be resolved?

Developmental dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty that primarily affects the acquisition of word reading (and spelling). During early schooling, individuals may display difficulty in acquiring adequate reading skills, reading more slowly or less accurately than expected. The following description of the subject of an early case study of dyslexia captures the challenging paradox faced by the wide variety of researchers of this developmental disorder. "He has always been a bright and intelligent boy...in no way inferior to others of his age. His great difficulty has been...his inability to learn to read...." (Morgan, 1986, cited in Brown, 2003). Why is it that these articulate, intelligent people show such a problem in what seems like one of our most routine skills? Due to this unexpectedness in reading failure and its high incidence in Western populations (between 5% and 15%), dyslexia research has instigated great passion and controversy. Early pioneers in dyslexia research, Morgan, Hinshelwood, and Orton believed that visual problems underlay an apparent 'wordblindness'. Orton (1925) introduced the term 'strephosymbolia' to specify that, although the problem

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