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What is the role of make-believe play in children's cognitive and socioemotional development? Analyse the positions of Piaget and Vygotsky, giving particular attention to Vygotskian concepts of the ZPD and internalisation.
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Question 1: What is the role of make-believe play in children's cognitive and socioemotional development? Analyse the positions of Piaget and Vygotsky, giving particular attention to Vygotskian concepts of the ZPD and internalisation.
Play can be defined as the combination of sensory exploration and motor skills (gross and fine), which inevitably lead to the cultivation of intellectual and socio-emotional abilities. Make-believe play fosters this cultivation in an imaginary environment, making use of pre-determined roles and rules and utilizes objects symbolically.
Play through pretence is an important aspect in children's cognitive and socioemotional development. It allows children to create safe paradigms in which they have the control and ultimately determine the outcome. This is an important component of self-esteem, self-concept and self-regulation.
Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky hold opposing theories in relation to the role of make-believe play in children's development. Piaget believed play parallels development, while Vygotsky theorized play promotes development.
While there are facets of both Piaget and Vygotsky's work that complement the ideology surrounding make-believe play, it is Vygotsky's work that has greatly contributed to the advancement in understanding of the framework within this most important time of a child's development.
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