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What organs and tissues have been successfully transplanted?

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Introduction

My aim is to produce an essay on Transplants, I will be discussing simple medical terms, what transplants are, why are they used, what organs and tissues have been successfully transplanted since 1950 and which two transplants are commonly used, finding out why in the past years transplants have been successful and what have been the developments in 1984, looking at pass results on a graph and identify the trends and finally I will be discussing the advantages and the disadvantages of using animal organ donors for humans and should animals use other animals for organ transplants. Transplants are one of the most miraculous achievements of modern medicine, they involve the donation of organs from one person to another, but transplants are only used for people with organ failure. Transplants have been around since 1800`s, the first transplant was attempted in 1923 it was a human to human kidney transplant but the kidney ...read more.

Middle

* Immunosuppression-the artificial suppression of the immune response, usually through drugs, so that the body will not reject a transplanted organ tissue. * Xenotransplant- Transplantation of the (genetically modified) organs of once species into another. Between 1800 and 1950 transplants were not very successful this was because most of the organs wasn't functioning with the bodies so the system rejected the organs, but in 1954 there was a development there was a drug called Immunosuppression this, this helped make kidneys transplants more successful, it's a pill which stops the organs from rejecting the transplant, the pill helps the organ function with the body. That is why transplants have been so successful over the years, there has also been more developments the equipment is also more advanced so this also contributes to the success. I observed the graph, which shows the number of donors, number of people receiving transplants and number of people needing them. ...read more.

Conclusion

this is called Xenotransplant there are advantages and disadvantages of using animals organ donors for humans and I will state the following, Advantages * Provides organs for human beings * Patients mostly likely will not die over waiting for donor organs. * There always would be suitable organs available and the problem of rejection can be removed. Disadvantages * Cruelty to animals * Animals can't give consent for the use of there organs * Animals would have to be kept in very unnatural, sterile conditions * The human may contacted a disease from the animal In my option I disagree with Xenotransplant because it cruelty to animals why should animals suffer for our mishaps. In conclusion transplants overall are a good thing they help save life's and in some cases destroy life's. There are both advantages and disadvantages for transplants but there are more advantages that why transplants have been around for along while. ...read more.

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