• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychology Homework: Week 6 What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives? A workplace stressor is any feature of the workplace that creates stress. This can affect paid workers, volunteers, students or housewives and anyone in general who works. The causes of workplace stress could include job insecurity, organisational changes, over-working, under-utilisation, de-skilling, and uncomfortable or potentially dangerous working conditions. In our everyday lives, workplace stressors such as the fear of losing a job, punitive management, personal conflicts and lack of control over a persons role can all place pressure on the individual, and depending on how different people perceive these stressors can lead to stress. Next, workplace stressors such as shift work meaning having to adjust a persons sleep patterns, routines and the such like, can result in considerable stress, and has been associated with major industrial accidents. Czeisler et al (1982) found that shift work amongst manual workers in an industrial setting in Utah, USA, correlated with raised accident rates, absenteeism and chronic feelings of ill health. Role conflict is when the demands of the workplace are in direct conflict with the demands or needs of the individual. ...read more.

Middle

They aimed to investigate the association between workplace stress and stress related illness in male and female civil servants. This particular investigation focused on the negative correlation between job control and stress related illness. A sample of 10,308 civil servants were investigated in a longitudinal study of over 3 years, research included questionnaires and observation. An aspect of workplace stress and job control was measured through a report survey and by independent assessments of the work environment. This was done by personnel managers; job control was assessed on 2 occasions, three years apart. Records of stress related illness, were also kept in order to carry out a correlational analysis which tested the association between job control and stress related illness. It was found that participants with low job control were 4 times more likely to die of a heart attack than those with high job control, they were also more likely to suffer from strokes, cancer and gastrointestinal disorders, which are all stress related disorders. The findings were consistent on both occasions that job control was measured. After other factors such as employment grade, negative attitude to employment, social support and job demands were taken into account the association was still significant. ...read more.

Conclusion

None of the other timings produced ulcers. An investigation of stomach secretions conveyed that stomach acidity increase during rest periods when in the 6 on, 6 off schedule and such acidity was related to the development of the ulcers. These findings shows that the ulcers were due to psychological stress and they also suggest that it is being in control that creates this psychological stress. This is why people important jobs with lots of responsibility suffer from more stress. It may not be reasonable to draw conclusions about human behaviour. However, research with humans has supported Brady's findings. For example Margolis and Kroes (1974) found that firemen with more responsibility, were seven times more likely to develop gastric ulcers than shop workers who had less responsibility. This study was done as a laboratory experiment and maybe considered unethical, as it involved hurting animals, however it is argued that it would have been worse to acts out the experiments on humans, and also, that usefulness and benefits of this study, outweigh the costs, and excuses the effect on participants. Lastly subsequent research of ulcers found that bacterium (helicobacter pylon) not stress, is a major cause of ulcers. This research was done by Marshall et all in 1985 and contradicts Brady's findings. Craig Southern ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays

  1. Free essay

    Research examining personality, gender and culture has shown that links between these concepts are ...

    Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups:Multitrait-multimethod analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 729-750. Digman, J. M. (1990). Personality structure: Emergence of the five-factor model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41, 417-440.

  2. Effects of Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Parenting Styles experienced in childhoood on Levels of ...

    The arrogance/ modesty factor was also found to be non-significant for the authoritative parenting style. A Mann Whitney was used to test self esteem scores for both authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles for the same factors. No significant results were found.

  1. Describe and evaluate Kelley's covariation-based account of causal attribution.

    with the highest total of 17% of participants failing to utilize consensus information in their attributions. These results suggest that participants are not assessing covariation in the way that Kelley (1973) suggests a na�ve scientist would. Their collection of data is by no means exhaustive and particular categories of information that Kelley (1973)

  2. The aim of this study is to establish a link between depression and a ...

    greater Extremely Obese An experimental independent measures design was used for the memory bias section of the research. The fourth variable was the number of the different word types recalled by both groups of participants. These different word types were compared between and within groups to determine any significant differences.

  1. A correlational study into the effects of locus of control and perceived life stress ...

    A related cognitive account the learned helplessness was proposed by Martin Seligman (1975), which provided a model for explaining depression. It is an acquired sense that one can no longer control one's environment, with the sad consequence that one gives up trying, a phenomenon first observed in dogs.

  2. Review of a focus group interview based on a health related issue.

    questions was not registered as the group openly viewed their opinion in much depth as time became an issue. Interview structure The interview showed that better designing and improvement should be made for greater emphasis to be placed on the demonstration effect, perhaps for the participants to preview the questions before hand with a time limit in addressing each.

  1. This study is a partial replication of a study by Bransford and Johnson (1972) ...

    This was controlled for using random allocation. Random sampling may have been better here because it means that every member of the target population has an equal chance of being chosen. A disadvantage of random sampling is that it is much more time consuming and the names pulled out of

  2. Stress in the workplace will become the epidemic of the 21st century.

    held a study of employees in the civil service which found that workers on the lowest employment grades were four times more likely to die of a heart attack that those on the most senior grades. They were also more likely to suffer cancers, strokes, and gastrointestinal disorders.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work