• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives?

Extracts from this document...


Psychology Homework: Week 6 What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives? A workplace stressor is any feature of the workplace that creates stress. This can affect paid workers, volunteers, students or housewives and anyone in general who works. The causes of workplace stress could include job insecurity, organisational changes, over-working, under-utilisation, de-skilling, and uncomfortable or potentially dangerous working conditions. In our everyday lives, workplace stressors such as the fear of losing a job, punitive management, personal conflicts and lack of control over a persons role can all place pressure on the individual, and depending on how different people perceive these stressors can lead to stress. Next, workplace stressors such as shift work meaning having to adjust a persons sleep patterns, routines and the such like, can result in considerable stress, and has been associated with major industrial accidents. Czeisler et al (1982) found that shift work amongst manual workers in an industrial setting in Utah, USA, correlated with raised accident rates, absenteeism and chronic feelings of ill health. Role conflict is when the demands of the workplace are in direct conflict with the demands or needs of the individual. ...read more.


They aimed to investigate the association between workplace stress and stress related illness in male and female civil servants. This particular investigation focused on the negative correlation between job control and stress related illness. A sample of 10,308 civil servants were investigated in a longitudinal study of over 3 years, research included questionnaires and observation. An aspect of workplace stress and job control was measured through a report survey and by independent assessments of the work environment. This was done by personnel managers; job control was assessed on 2 occasions, three years apart. Records of stress related illness, were also kept in order to carry out a correlational analysis which tested the association between job control and stress related illness. It was found that participants with low job control were 4 times more likely to die of a heart attack than those with high job control, they were also more likely to suffer from strokes, cancer and gastrointestinal disorders, which are all stress related disorders. The findings were consistent on both occasions that job control was measured. After other factors such as employment grade, negative attitude to employment, social support and job demands were taken into account the association was still significant. ...read more.


None of the other timings produced ulcers. An investigation of stomach secretions conveyed that stomach acidity increase during rest periods when in the 6 on, 6 off schedule and such acidity was related to the development of the ulcers. These findings shows that the ulcers were due to psychological stress and they also suggest that it is being in control that creates this psychological stress. This is why people important jobs with lots of responsibility suffer from more stress. It may not be reasonable to draw conclusions about human behaviour. However, research with humans has supported Brady's findings. For example Margolis and Kroes (1974) found that firemen with more responsibility, were seven times more likely to develop gastric ulcers than shop workers who had less responsibility. This study was done as a laboratory experiment and maybe considered unethical, as it involved hurting animals, however it is argued that it would have been worse to acts out the experiments on humans, and also, that usefulness and benefits of this study, outweigh the costs, and excuses the effect on participants. Lastly subsequent research of ulcers found that bacterium (helicobacter pylon) not stress, is a major cause of ulcers. This research was done by Marshall et all in 1985 and contradicts Brady's findings. Craig Southern ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays

  1. Describe and evaluate Kelley's covariation-based account of causal attribution.

    attributions on sample base-rates when they have normative expectancies derived from previous causal observations. In line with this, Nisbett and Borgida (1975, as cited in Kassin, 1979) found that there were no differences between the attributions made by participants who were given consensus information and participants who were not provided with base-rate data.

  2. The attention demands of lexical retrieval.

    As is usually the case, a priming effect for speech onset latencies was found (e.g., Schriefers et al, 1990). However, tone discrimination latencies were not affected by priming suggesting that phoneme selection is not a demanding process. In contrast, eye tracking studies have demonstrated that viewing times are influenced by

  1. Free essay

    Research examining personality, gender and culture has shown that links between these concepts are ...

    the Five factors Model) is universal across cultures and fit for different genders. The reason for choosing the Five factors Model as the representation of personality trait structure had been presented in the beginning. And the Five factors were replicated in the most of countries and showed a well generality across cultures.

  2. Optimistic Bias About Negative Future Life Events

    Twenty of the twenty-two average responses to the questions showed this trend. The only exceptions being 'doing badly at a job interview' and 'dying before the age of sixty' where the responses were 6.24 and 4.64 respectively for the 'Self' condition, compared with 6.01 and 4.46 for the 'Peer' condition.

  1. The aim of this investigation was to investigate if 'chunking' in STM will be ...

    I decided to select non-psychology students as if they were psychology students they were likely to also be conducting experiments or research for coursework and may be aware of facts about memory and might have researched or studied ways to enhance retrieval, and because not everyone is a psychology student this would have reduced the ecological validity of my research.

  2. How to Write a Laboratory Report Using MS Word 2000

    Many disorders show inhibition deficits such as schizophrenia, ADHD, Tourette's syndrome, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Inhibition deficits include responding before the task is understood, losing attention and failing to correct inappropriate responses. Patients with Schizophrenia show good performance on stop signal tasks, but there is reduced activity in the mesial prefrontal brain regions during inhibition (hypofrontality)

  1. The 'Glass Cliff': An investigation into the effect of gender and performance of company ...

    It was found that the female boardmembers had been employed after a period of shaky company performance, whereas male boardmembers had been after a stretch of stable business, supporting the theory of 'the glass cliff'. The aim of this study is to further support this theory and investigate it using

  2. A study to show the physiological and psychological factors of joining a health and ...

    Males also have larger hearts which gives them a greater oxygen transport capacity. Males also have higher haemoglobin content, which gives them a higher oxygen carrying capacity. (Brooks, Fahey, White, and Baldwin 2000) All these facts lead to one of this studies hypothesis's which is 'males will be fitter than females.'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work