• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Psychology Homework: Week 6 What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives? A workplace stressor is any feature of the workplace that creates stress. This can affect paid workers, volunteers, students or housewives and anyone in general who works. The causes of workplace stress could include job insecurity, organisational changes, over-working, under-utilisation, de-skilling, and uncomfortable or potentially dangerous working conditions. In our everyday lives, workplace stressors such as the fear of losing a job, punitive management, personal conflicts and lack of control over a persons role can all place pressure on the individual, and depending on how different people perceive these stressors can lead to stress. Next, workplace stressors such as shift work meaning having to adjust a persons sleep patterns, routines and the such like, can result in considerable stress, and has been associated with major industrial accidents. Czeisler et al (1982) found that shift work amongst manual workers in an industrial setting in Utah, USA, correlated with raised accident rates, absenteeism and chronic feelings of ill health. Role conflict is when the demands of the workplace are in direct conflict with the demands or needs of the individual. ...read more.

Middle

They aimed to investigate the association between workplace stress and stress related illness in male and female civil servants. This particular investigation focused on the negative correlation between job control and stress related illness. A sample of 10,308 civil servants were investigated in a longitudinal study of over 3 years, research included questionnaires and observation. An aspect of workplace stress and job control was measured through a report survey and by independent assessments of the work environment. This was done by personnel managers; job control was assessed on 2 occasions, three years apart. Records of stress related illness, were also kept in order to carry out a correlational analysis which tested the association between job control and stress related illness. It was found that participants with low job control were 4 times more likely to die of a heart attack than those with high job control, they were also more likely to suffer from strokes, cancer and gastrointestinal disorders, which are all stress related disorders. The findings were consistent on both occasions that job control was measured. After other factors such as employment grade, negative attitude to employment, social support and job demands were taken into account the association was still significant. ...read more.

Conclusion

None of the other timings produced ulcers. An investigation of stomach secretions conveyed that stomach acidity increase during rest periods when in the 6 on, 6 off schedule and such acidity was related to the development of the ulcers. These findings shows that the ulcers were due to psychological stress and they also suggest that it is being in control that creates this psychological stress. This is why people important jobs with lots of responsibility suffer from more stress. It may not be reasonable to draw conclusions about human behaviour. However, research with humans has supported Brady's findings. For example Margolis and Kroes (1974) found that firemen with more responsibility, were seven times more likely to develop gastric ulcers than shop workers who had less responsibility. This study was done as a laboratory experiment and maybe considered unethical, as it involved hurting animals, however it is argued that it would have been worse to acts out the experiments on humans, and also, that usefulness and benefits of this study, outweigh the costs, and excuses the effect on participants. Lastly subsequent research of ulcers found that bacterium (helicobacter pylon) not stress, is a major cause of ulcers. This research was done by Marshall et all in 1985 and contradicts Brady's findings. Craig Southern ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays

  1. Effects of Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Parenting Styles experienced in childhoood on Levels of ...

    authoritative parenting styles result in high self esteem, whilst authoritarian and permissive parenting styles result in low self-esteem. However there are a number of problems with our PAQ and self-esteem measures. It may be that our results were caused by these problems, and not because the hypotheses were unsupportable.

  2. Do leading questions have an effect on eye witness testimony?

    Another issue was that the video used was not personally relevant to any of the participants. It was a generalised account of events and therefore was not applicable for eyewitness testimonies. Had the video been of a personal nature, the memory trace would have been stronger and therefore less likely to be affected by leading questions.

  1. The aim of this investigation was to investigate if 'chunking' in STM will be ...

    investigation to enhance their revision method by creating certain cue words and linking them together then reading them out at increased speeds to enable greater 'chunking' which would increase the amount of facts remembered. Thus allowing this research to be applied to the real world.

  2. A correlational study into the effects of locus of control and perceived life stress ...

    One possibility in this gender difference is hormonal one. Women endure cyclic hormonal changes, such as significant drops in oestrogen and progesterone levels during premenstrual period and menopause (Seeman1997). Stress is a subjective feeling in response to environmental events that are perceived as frustrating or threatening.

  1. Review of a focus group interview based on a health related issue.

    1 Hours Setup meeting with perspective participants 18 June 2006 2 Hours Prepare for interview 23 June 2006 1 Hour Conduct interview 25 June 2006 1 Hour Review interview 26 June 2006 3 hours Draft review 27-31 June 2006 4 Hours Write up final draft review 1-7 July 2006 4

  2. Describe and evaluate Kelley's covariation-based account of causal attribution.

    and may not actually search for or employ information on consensus, consistency or distinctiveness (McArthur, 1972). Cordray and Shaw (1978) suggest that this is a fundamental flaw in the covariation theory and a drawback for McArthur's methodology. They suggest that the use of a within-subjects design may have prompted participants

  1. The aim of this study is to establish a link between depression and a ...

    If this is true, then disordered eating and eating disorder symptomatology are likely to have a social basis. People have learned these destructive actions and thought patterns from our own culture and as a result figures of obesity in the UK and USA are rising.

  2. The researcher is studying anxiety disorders, more specifically phobias and whether a person's fear ...

    The researchers found that participants' fear ratings were significantly correlated with aspects of the animals appearance and behaviour. Therefore, they concluded that the human preparedness to fear certain creatures, for example, snakes is associated with their fear evoking properties and also of how different they are from human form.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work