• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives?

Extracts from this document...


Psychology Homework: Week 6 What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives? A workplace stressor is any feature of the workplace that creates stress. This can affect paid workers, volunteers, students or housewives and anyone in general who works. The causes of workplace stress could include job insecurity, organisational changes, over-working, under-utilisation, de-skilling, and uncomfortable or potentially dangerous working conditions. In our everyday lives, workplace stressors such as the fear of losing a job, punitive management, personal conflicts and lack of control over a persons role can all place pressure on the individual, and depending on how different people perceive these stressors can lead to stress. Next, workplace stressors such as shift work meaning having to adjust a persons sleep patterns, routines and the such like, can result in considerable stress, and has been associated with major industrial accidents. Czeisler et al (1982) found that shift work amongst manual workers in an industrial setting in Utah, USA, correlated with raised accident rates, absenteeism and chronic feelings of ill health. Role conflict is when the demands of the workplace are in direct conflict with the demands or needs of the individual. ...read more.


They aimed to investigate the association between workplace stress and stress related illness in male and female civil servants. This particular investigation focused on the negative correlation between job control and stress related illness. A sample of 10,308 civil servants were investigated in a longitudinal study of over 3 years, research included questionnaires and observation. An aspect of workplace stress and job control was measured through a report survey and by independent assessments of the work environment. This was done by personnel managers; job control was assessed on 2 occasions, three years apart. Records of stress related illness, were also kept in order to carry out a correlational analysis which tested the association between job control and stress related illness. It was found that participants with low job control were 4 times more likely to die of a heart attack than those with high job control, they were also more likely to suffer from strokes, cancer and gastrointestinal disorders, which are all stress related disorders. The findings were consistent on both occasions that job control was measured. After other factors such as employment grade, negative attitude to employment, social support and job demands were taken into account the association was still significant. ...read more.


None of the other timings produced ulcers. An investigation of stomach secretions conveyed that stomach acidity increase during rest periods when in the 6 on, 6 off schedule and such acidity was related to the development of the ulcers. These findings shows that the ulcers were due to psychological stress and they also suggest that it is being in control that creates this psychological stress. This is why people important jobs with lots of responsibility suffer from more stress. It may not be reasonable to draw conclusions about human behaviour. However, research with humans has supported Brady's findings. For example Margolis and Kroes (1974) found that firemen with more responsibility, were seven times more likely to develop gastric ulcers than shop workers who had less responsibility. This study was done as a laboratory experiment and maybe considered unethical, as it involved hurting animals, however it is argued that it would have been worse to acts out the experiments on humans, and also, that usefulness and benefits of this study, outweigh the costs, and excuses the effect on participants. Lastly subsequent research of ulcers found that bacterium (helicobacter pylon) not stress, is a major cause of ulcers. This research was done by Marshall et all in 1985 and contradicts Brady's findings. Craig Southern ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays

  1. Describe and evaluate Kelley's covariation-based account of causal attribution.

    asked participants what types of information they would like if they had to make an attribution about a particular circumstance. Only 23% of the requests made by participants could be allocated to one of the informational categories described by Kelley.

  2. Review of a focus group interview based on a health related issue.

    At all times of engagement, the researcher will have ethical responsibilities to secure the welfare and rights of the participants and self. All information collated will be held in the strictest of confidence; all names will be changed to protect the identity of the participants.

  1. Do leading questions have an effect on eye witness testimony?

    They were not representative of the target population. A solution to this would have been to use random sampling. In this method, more participants than required could have been selected, and then their names drawn out a hat. This would have ensured that the sample was less biased and therefore more representative of the target population.

  2. The aim of this investigation was to investigate if 'chunking' in STM will be ...

    investigation to enhance their revision method by creating certain cue words and linking them together then reading them out at increased speeds to enable greater 'chunking' which would increase the amount of facts remembered. Thus allowing this research to be applied to the real world.

  1. The researcher is studying anxiety disorders, more specifically phobias and whether a person's fear ...

    However, after watching a video depicting another monkey reacting with fear to a snake, and as a result the laboratory monkeys developed a lasting phobias of monkeys. This observation could be explained not only by the preparedness theory but also by the social learning theory (or behaviourist theory), where the monkeys learn the fear by copying the behaviour of others.

  2. Free essay

    Research examining personality, gender and culture has shown that links between these concepts are ...

    defined dissimilarly than in German and English (De Raad et al., 1998).And when using two indigenous factors which corresponded to one of the Big Five (e.g. Openness), the trait was emerged (De Raad et al., 1998; John, 1999).The above studies as many of the European studies supported that the factor

  1. The aim of this study is to establish a link between depression and a ...

    We already know that patients with eating disorders have an emotional concern with weight and shape; this is a defining feature of the disorder. However normal dieters and possibly hungry people in general also show attentional bias to shape and food stimuli (Mogg et al.

  2. Effects of Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Parenting Styles experienced in childhoood on Levels of ...

    authoritative parenting styles result in high self esteem, whilst authoritarian and permissive parenting styles result in low self-esteem. However there are a number of problems with our PAQ and self-esteem measures. It may be that our results were caused by these problems, and not because the hypotheses were unsupportable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work