• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives?

Extracts from this document...


Psychology Homework: Week 6 What role do workplace stressors play in our everyday lives? A workplace stressor is any feature of the workplace that creates stress. This can affect paid workers, volunteers, students or housewives and anyone in general who works. The causes of workplace stress could include job insecurity, organisational changes, over-working, under-utilisation, de-skilling, and uncomfortable or potentially dangerous working conditions. In our everyday lives, workplace stressors such as the fear of losing a job, punitive management, personal conflicts and lack of control over a persons role can all place pressure on the individual, and depending on how different people perceive these stressors can lead to stress. Next, workplace stressors such as shift work meaning having to adjust a persons sleep patterns, routines and the such like, can result in considerable stress, and has been associated with major industrial accidents. Czeisler et al (1982) found that shift work amongst manual workers in an industrial setting in Utah, USA, correlated with raised accident rates, absenteeism and chronic feelings of ill health. Role conflict is when the demands of the workplace are in direct conflict with the demands or needs of the individual. ...read more.


They aimed to investigate the association between workplace stress and stress related illness in male and female civil servants. This particular investigation focused on the negative correlation between job control and stress related illness. A sample of 10,308 civil servants were investigated in a longitudinal study of over 3 years, research included questionnaires and observation. An aspect of workplace stress and job control was measured through a report survey and by independent assessments of the work environment. This was done by personnel managers; job control was assessed on 2 occasions, three years apart. Records of stress related illness, were also kept in order to carry out a correlational analysis which tested the association between job control and stress related illness. It was found that participants with low job control were 4 times more likely to die of a heart attack than those with high job control, they were also more likely to suffer from strokes, cancer and gastrointestinal disorders, which are all stress related disorders. The findings were consistent on both occasions that job control was measured. After other factors such as employment grade, negative attitude to employment, social support and job demands were taken into account the association was still significant. ...read more.


None of the other timings produced ulcers. An investigation of stomach secretions conveyed that stomach acidity increase during rest periods when in the 6 on, 6 off schedule and such acidity was related to the development of the ulcers. These findings shows that the ulcers were due to psychological stress and they also suggest that it is being in control that creates this psychological stress. This is why people important jobs with lots of responsibility suffer from more stress. It may not be reasonable to draw conclusions about human behaviour. However, research with humans has supported Brady's findings. For example Margolis and Kroes (1974) found that firemen with more responsibility, were seven times more likely to develop gastric ulcers than shop workers who had less responsibility. This study was done as a laboratory experiment and maybe considered unethical, as it involved hurting animals, however it is argued that it would have been worse to acts out the experiments on humans, and also, that usefulness and benefits of this study, outweigh the costs, and excuses the effect on participants. Lastly subsequent research of ulcers found that bacterium (helicobacter pylon) not stress, is a major cause of ulcers. This research was done by Marshall et all in 1985 and contradicts Brady's findings. Craig Southern ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays

  1. The effects of Ginseng, Valerian and a Placebo on cognitive and motor performance tasks

    The tasks in this study were carried out immediately after taking Ginseng, D'Angelo et al., (1986) however examined the effects of 12 weeks daily administration of ginseng. Tests included those assessing motor performance, speed of performance on attentional tasks, mental arithmetic and logical reasoning.

  2. Effects of Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Parenting Styles experienced in childhoood on Levels of ...

    authoritative parenting styles result in high self esteem, whilst authoritarian and permissive parenting styles result in low self-esteem. However there are a number of problems with our PAQ and self-esteem measures. It may be that our results were caused by these problems, and not because the hypotheses were unsupportable.

  1. Review of a focus group interview based on a health related issue.

    Purpose of Interview The purpose of this interview is to gather information on the views and assumptions, from a range of measures (age, gender and ethnicity) in society about abortion. It will be used to interpret a research project by evaluating the issues associated with abortion.

  2. Do leading questions have an effect on eye witness testimony?

    This method would have tested the participants in their real life environment instead of a lab situation. However, the variables would not have been as easily manipulated as in a lab experiment. Another limitation of the study was that the opportunity sampling method employed was highly biased because only participants known to the experimenter were selected.

  1. A correlational study into the effects of locus of control and perceived life stress ...

    Stress is the condition that results when person-environment transactions lead the individual to perceive a discrepancy, whether real or not, between the demands of a situation and the resources of the person's biological, psychological or social systems (Sarafino, 1998). Stress can cause negative or positive physical and emotional effects.

  2. The aim of this study is to establish a link between depression and a ...

    The second aim was achieved by assessing which types of words participants recalled, and whether more food and mood/body image words were recalled compared to the neutral words. The list had 64 items, containing neutral words, food words and mood/body image words.

  1. Do Milgram's experiment's tell us anything about why people obey authority outside the laboratory?

    that one would certainly be less in awe of lab technology today than forty years ago and so the argument that the surroundings induced a sense of trepidation would be less acceptable. The fact that the volunteers were self-selecting and being paid for their time may also have influenced their behaviour into conforming.

  2. Describe and evaluate Kelley's covariation-based account of causal attribution.

    and may not actually search for or employ information on consensus, consistency or distinctiveness (McArthur, 1972). Cordray and Shaw (1978) suggest that this is a fundamental flaw in the covariation theory and a drawback for McArthur's methodology. They suggest that the use of a within-subjects design may have prompted participants

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work