• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

ARE LEADERS BORN OR MADE

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'There is no point in sending people to do leadership training and development courses, as leaders are born, not made.' Analyse this claim with reference to different theories of leadership. Introduction What is a leader? It is impossible to obtain a single definition. But it happened when achieving an objective and when more than one people are needed to do it. Nowadays, there are many leadership training and development courses that train people to be the position of leaders. Companies send their staff to these courses in order to increase the organizational effectiveness. However, some people argue that these courses are useless. It is because they believed that leaders are born, but not made. This essay will analyse this claim by using different leadership theories as well as discussing the impact on leadership development courses, in order to identify whether leaders are born or are made. Leaders are born There are many successful leaders who demonstrated their skills at an early age. They have natural talents that make them to be 'natural leaders'. Sometimes they also obtained characteristics or elements of a leader when they are born. Trait Theory is one of the main leadership theories and it suggested that certain characteristics are particularly suit to become a leader. ...read more.

Middle

Leaders are made Furthermore, there are also many leadership theories that support leaders can be made. According to the Behavioural Theory, leaders can be made rather than are born. The theory focused on what leaders actually do instead of seeking their inborn traits. For instance, what should a leader do if their group got lost in a mountain while hiking? The theory suggested that leaders usually have similar reactions to different problems; therefore, people can learn to have suitable reactions in certain situations in order to be a leader. That is, clam down first in the example stated before. This theory suggested that successful leadership is based in learnable or definable behaviour. Another theory, Role Theory, assumed that people, no matter leader or fellows, usually define roles for themselves and others and which are based on social learning and reading. They will form expectations about the roles that everyone will play and act within the roles they adopt. People have internal schemas about leadership roles based on what they read from books, watched from television programmes, or being taught in training courses. Leaders should learn to define their leadership role in different situations. For examples, should the leader act as executive that determines the objective of the group or act participator that leaves the full delegation of decision to the team? ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the most successful and effective leader contain suitable leader traits, including intelligent, creative, fluent in speaking and talkative, organized, persuasive, decisive etc. and better be tall, handsome, healthy, male. He also contain acquired skills include the skill he need related to the group background, and suitable and effective leading approach. Lance Secretan (1986)7 stated that leadership is largely an acquired skill. He wrote that a leader needs intelligence, a positive attitude, and a combination of the qualities of courage, shrewdness and common sense. Successful leaders as they gain experience build on these natural talents and develop the wide range of skills they need. Leadership training and development courses could make people with certain suitable traits to be a more effective and successful leader. However, if people do not have any characteristic of a leader, leadership training and development courses might be useless to them. Reference 1: Stogdill, R.M.(1984), 'Personal Factors Associated with Leadership: A Survey of the Literature', Journal of Psychology. 2: McCall, M.W. Jr. and Lombardo, M.M. (1983). 'Off the track: Why and how successful executives get derailed. Greenboro, NC: Centre for Creative Leadership. 3: Bass, Bernard M.(1990), ' Bass & Stogdill's handbook of leadership: theory, research, and managerial applications.' 4: Wall Street Journal(1986), 'The Corporate Woman: A Special report' 5: Adair, John(1983), 'Effective Leadership' 6: Fiedler, F.E.(1967), 'A theory of leadership effectiveness, NY: McGraw-Hill' 7: Secretan, Lance(1986), 'Managerial Moxie, London, Kogan Page. 615154 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Management Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Management Studies essays

  1. "Learders are born, not made", do you agree or disagree with this statement. Explain.

    passion, rapport and being confident which are developed by the time they grown up. Of course no one can judge a child when he or she was born, he or she can be a leader can not identify. But by the time they become an adult, they are good at

  2. Leadership Persuasive Speech

    So we might not all want to be a leader at school; but simply by role modelling the right thing, which isn't hard to do, we can make everyone's life at Ormiston College better. School captains and prefects aren't the only leaders in the grade; we all can contribute in our own different way.

  1. 'Leaders are born not made. To what extent is this saying justified by current research ...

    Bass (1985) commented that transformational leadership is likely to result in growth, independence and empowerment of followers, all of which suggest effective leadership. Researchers have proposed that transformational leadership behaviour comprises of four main components: inspirational motivation, idealised influence, individualised consideration and intellectual stimulation.

  2. ARE LEADERS BORN OR MADE?

    (Jerry L Gray, Frederick A Starke 1988). The 'Great Man' approach states that leaders are born. The Trait approach After the 'Great Man' approach, the next theory that presumed leaders were born was the trait approach. The trait approach theory was formed during the 1920s; this is the era where

  1. Leadership Theories - this review seeks to determine which theoretical perspectives, theories and schools ...

    Hence, contrary to the model previously described, this theory seems to emphasize the use of some theoretical perspectives (such as the cognitive perspective) over others (such as the competence-based perspectives). In relation to building a holistic view of leadership development considering individual and organizational factors, two models were considered by this review.

  2. The 21st Century Jet - The Boeing 777

    The applied force represents a factor of safety of 1.5 times the loads experienced during a 2.5 g dive maneuver. The right wing failed 0.020 seconds before the left wing.

  1. Analysis of my leadership. Awareness and Assessment: My Leader Self-Insights. Integrated summary of ...

    in front of the people, and if I don`t change then people may take advantages of me which will lead me not doing the things that I wanted to do. 3) Fully embrace your vulnerability means accepting the unknown and uncontrollable.

  2. Outline and discuss one of the leadership theories in the behavioural approach - How ...

    a team�� During the first few months of her role as a Team Leader, she found her team continuously in second to last position. Frustrated by the constant low achievement, she ��became strict to increase their sales by trying to force them to do things.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work