• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

CASE STUDY The Pay-for-Performance Program among Denver Teachers Hits a Roadblock

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CASE STUDY The Pay-for-Performance Program among Denver Teachers Hits a Roadblock Case Questions What is the source of conflict between the school system and the union? Contract negotiations between the Denver public school system and the Denver teachers union has stalled despite months of negotiations. The breakdown stems from a philosophical disagreement between the school district and the Union (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. 240). The school district is offering large increases in incentive pay but the biggest rewards go to early and mid-career teachers and to those willing to take a risk by working in impoverished schools or by taking jobs that many teachers do not want such as teaching middle school math. Yearly bonuses for such work would almost triple to around $3000 (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. 240). The Union agrees that bonuses should be increased but also wants across the board pay increases. More importantly, the Union leadership objects to proposed changes that would hold down salaries for veteran teachers to free up money for novices (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. 240). Supt. Bennet wants to raise incentives for all teachers but under his plan only those with less than thirteen years on the job would continue to get bonuses added to their base salaries. Veteran teacher salaries would not grow except for cost of living increases (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. ...read more.

Middle

According to Kreitner & Kinicki, procedural justice is defined as the perceived fairness of the process and procedures used to make allocation decisions (p.221). The Denver public school system believed that the performance bonuses would motivate teachers to work harder to achieve the desired results (higher student test scores, good evaluations, continuing education or taking difficult assignments). The school district also thought that each teacher's valence would be the same. Valences are the positive or negative values people place on outcomes. Perhaps the school district felt that a bonus is a bonus and it doesn't matter if the bonus is tied to the base pay or comes as a bonus check. What the school district failed to realize, however, is that the younger teachers that fall within the 13 year window would view the valence as positive and this new pay-for-performance structure would have a positive inequity for the young teachers. For the veteran teachers the valence is negative and to them the new pay-for-performance structure has a negative inequity. To the veterans, the less accomplished teachers are getting higher rewards that result in an unequal pay structure. This feeling of inequity of lack of justice on the part of the veteran teachers is a demotivating factor. This demonstrates the Equity Theory (theindustrialist.com). What role does organizational culture play in this case? An organization's culture comprises an interlocking set of goals, roles, processes, values, communications, practices, attitudes and assumptions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Understanding this theory can help the school system negotiate a contract settlement that will in part attract to those teachers who have a need for achievement or power (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. 216). As explained in an earlier question, the Equity Theory is a model of motivation that explains how people strive for fairness and justice in social situations or give and take relationships. Equity Theory explains how an individual's motivation to behave in a certain way is fueled by feelings of inequity or a lack of justice. On the job, feelings of inequity revolve around a person's evaluation of whether he or she receives adequate rewards to compensate for his or her contributive inputs. Inputs are those things such as one's education, training, skills, creativity, seniority, age, personality traits, effort, experience, or personal appearance (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2010, p. 218). In negotiating a fair contract, the school systems should understand that the many teachers, especially the veteran teachers may be motivated based on equity and would feel that a contract solely based on performance or achievement isn't fair or equitable. Understanding Expectancy theory is also very important in negotiating a contract for the Denver teachers. Expectancy theory holds that people are motivated to behave in ways that produce desired combinations of expected outcomes. Expectancy is a belief that effort leads to a specific level of performance. Instrumentality represents a person's belief that a particular person's outcome is contingent on accomplishing a specific level of performance. Valance refers to the positive or negative value people place on outcomes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Management Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Management Studies essays

  1. CSR case study - Honda Vietnam.

    familiar to Vietnam people, especially its motorcycle products; however, what people really know is just imported products from neighborhood countries. The introduction of Honda Vietnam has brought fresh-air into local motorcycle market and won customers' trust gradually with their quality products and services.

  2. Donner case

    Conclusion The market provides ample opportunity to the company to expand its market and customer base in both market segments. However, the company can achieve this only by increasing its productivity, quality, labour utilization and reducing the time of delivery.

  1. Leadership Theories - this review seeks to determine which theoretical perspectives, theories and schools ...

    The what element comprise the content and focus of leadership development endeavors, while the why element is associated with the objectives, justifications and beliefs one has about leadership development. These two elements are highly intertwined, as the purpose and rationale about leadership development usually guides the selection of content and focus.

  2. General Management - organisation, leadership and theories.

    enter a new geographical market, or relocate head-parters to a new city. The decision facing Dunkin' Donuts franchisees described at the beginning of this chapter is an example of a nonprogrammed decision. Routine decision rules or techniques for solving this problem do not exist.

  1. Strategic Program Management Case Study.

    Although Friars CEO Ricardo Bellini, has been successful with the new projects he feels to fit into the business. Friar Tucker International has five projects that are on the front line here. But of course Ricardo wants only one of those projects to be the focus.

  2. Netflix Case Study

    allows them to promote smaller, high-quality films to customers who otherwise might miss them (Thompson et al, (2005) Case 2: Netflix). Netflix subscirbers who rate movies will receive unique and personal movie recommendations every time they visit the Netflix website.

  1. A critical evaluation of research by Kempe Ronald and Hope Sr. into employee perceptions ...

    age, sex, wage etc. The positivistic approach of closed-multiple choice questions, used in the questionnaire, other than it's unbiased nature - has two advantages; firstly it facilitates the analysis process and secondly it is easier for both the interviewer and respondent.

  2. Billabong Case Study. This report provides an analysis of Billabongs current situation and both ...

    These days consumers want to be edgy and different from everyone else and new fashion trends are evolving such as the ?hipster? look with vintage and thrift store clothing or high end looks with bright colours and bold shapes. While many argue Billabong does not have a lot of potential

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work