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University Degree: Political & International Economics

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  1. Poverty and Inequality in Ecuador

    In 1999 there was a collapse of the banking system which led to a financial crisis musing hyperinflation (Luis, L and Jacome, H, 2004). Between 2006-2014 the GINI coefficient was showing a fall from 0.54 to 0.47 and displaying improvements in income for indigent population (World Bank, 2017). Ecuador?s employment sectors are mainly build of agricultural, industrial and service industry. Often indigenous families are limited to low-paid agrarian jobs keeping their communities in permanent poverty and passing it on generation to generation, (Statista, 2017).

    • Word count: 1103
  2. FDI inflow has become a volatile factor in Thailands economy, reaching its highest level in 2013 at $15.5 billion followed by a sharp decrease from $5.7 billion to $1.6 billion in 2016

    Services, agricultural products, paper and chemical goods being the main sectors of investment (Banco Santander, 2017). Thailand?s GDP was at $406.84 billion in 2016, up 150% since 2005 (World Bank, 2017). The unstable political environment of Thailand has been followed by military coups and numerous governmental changes. However, Thailand remains an open-market orientated economy, promoting its employment and transfer technology (International Trade Administration, 2017). To access Thailand?s market, the government has set out policies such as The Foreign Business Act B.E (2542) which is a law that governorates FDIs in Thailand (Deloitte, 2017). The government also created the Board of Investment (BOI)

    • Word count: 1066
  3. Should countries industrialise in order to develop? What is the role of capital market development in the process?

    The role of industrialisation in the country?s economic development: a conceptual framework The question of whether countries should industrialise in order to develop is a question about the relationship between industrialisation and the level of development. Recent research suggests that industrial development is one of the most important drivers of structural change which is key in the process of economic development (Katuria and Raj (2009), Rodrik (2009) ,Szirmai and Verspagen (2010). For developing countries, industrialisation helps to increase the social labour productivity as well as providing various emergent consumables.

    • Word count: 2847
  4. Unions have played a significant role in workforce history, have they outlived their purpose in the USA?

    The first successful strike in building trades took place in 1791 when Philadelphia carpenters campaigned for a ten-hour workday. The need for both skilled and unskilled labor mushroomed during the Industrial Revolution and the Civil War, and the subsequent discontinuation of slavery helped to illustrate the right of workers to receive a fair wage for their labor. The first halting steps beyond separate craft guilds at the local level occurred between 1833 and 1837, when workers in a wide range of skilled jobs formed citywide labor organizations in and around Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. Their goal was to resist the longer hours and wage cuts that were being demanded by employers.

    • Word count: 5894

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • ASSESS THE ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT

    "The conclusion that can be brought forth from such evidence is that FDI has both negative and positive advantages in the form of increased employment levels, freer financial market flows, stimulation of local economies and overcoming impediments to trade, equalising a larger economical benefit reaped from FDI, whereas the disadvantages include loss of national sovereignty, the 'race to the bottom, political instability and impacts of Greenfield investment upon the local environment. It is evident, however, that the advantages of FDI far outweigh the limitations that are presented, through the increase in wealth, the spurring of economical development and increased activity in developing nations, essentially, benefiting the globalised financial and business environment. REFERENCE LIST Athukorala, P. C., (2003) Foreign Direct Investment in Crisis and Recovery: Lessons from the 1997 - 1998 Asian Crisis, Australian Economic History Review, June 2003, Vol.41, No.2, pp.197-213 Asiedu, E., and Esfahani, H.S., (2001) Ownership Structure in Foreign Direct Investment Projects, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Nov 2001, Vol.83, No.3, pp.647-662 AtKearney (2004) Current News Release: China and India Jockey for the Top most Attractive Foreign Direct Investment Destination [Online] Available at:"

  • Compare and contrast NPV with IRR as a method of investment appraisal

    "I have come to the conclusion that the NPV method is a better method of appraising investment opportunities than the IRR method. Reason being, although IRR has similar attributes to NPV, it has yet too many problems that could lead to a wrong decision being made, such as ignoring the real world and having multiple IRR's in a situation. Also, when coming to choose between two projects, the NPV method would be better and more reliable discriminator than to use IRR. So in my opinion, I think that the NPV is the best method and therefore it should be the only method used in the investment appraisal. Assignment by: Chi-Man Lam Student ID No.: 02040652 Course Pathway: CATF2"

  • Evaluate the macroeconomic and structural effects of overseas investment during the period 1870-1913.

    "It seems there were notable adverse consequences of excessive overseas investment. However, there is opposition to this view in that keeping investment domestic would have ineffective; for example, McCloskey quoted famously that "by keeping savings at home, the British people could have had two Forth bridges, two bakerloo lines, two London housing stocks, two Port Sunlights". In addition British investment in overseas capital lowered the price of foreign foodstuffs and raw materials. This improved Britain's terms of trade by approximately 0.1% per annum. In conclusion it is difficult to state whether the overall macroeconomic and structural effect of overseas investment over the period 1870-191 was positive or negative."

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