• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

External and Internal environment factors in Industrial Relations

Extracts from this document...


1.0 Introduction Definitions Industrial relations * A set of phenomena, operating both within and outside the workplace, concerned with determining and regulating the employment relationship. (Michael Salamon,2000) * Relations between the management of an industrial enterprise and its employees. (Alistair McMillan) * Relations between management and labor unions or between management and individual workers. Sometimes called labor relations. (Rose E., 2001) Trade Union * "Any organization, whose membership consists of employees, which seeks to organize and represent their interest both in the workplace and society and, in particular, seeks to regulate the employment relationship through the direct process of collective bargaining with management." (Michael Salamon,2000) Employer * An employer is a person or institution that hires employees or workers. (Michael Salamon,2000) Management * Management/ Employers Association are a party consists wholly of employers owners and they are regulated of relation between employers and Trade Union. (Michael Salamon, 2000) Government * Government is the third and most important "actor" within the industrial relations system. (Michael Salamon, 2000) 2.0 Discussion 2.1 External environment factors in Industrial Relations In industry, the external environment factors will influence the company's policies, strategies and management style. Policies typically described as a deliberate plan of action to guide decisions and achieve rational outcome(s). (Wikipedia, 2009) Strategy is a whole range of organization activities that help managers to organize or manage the internal and external environment. ...read more.


By the way, Bank Negara Malaysia has opened its doors to help facilitate discussions between banks and borrowers. (Mini Budget, 11 March 2009) Greater engagement between banks and borrowers is needed. Banks need to actively communicate with their current and potential customers to gauge their loan repayment abilities. By the way, looser condition for the loan application would reduce cost of doing business and attract businesses to invest. For the impact on this, they will follow accommodation and institutionalization strategies since public sector are required to give fully support to the SMEs, by the way, they need to conduct an agreement to ensure viable companies have access to funds from the banks. This is important for the survival of many SMEs in the country. Social A person's social environment includes their living and working conditions, income level, educational background and the communities they are part of. (Health-EU, 2009) Malaysia government committed to eradicating hard core poverty by 2010. Thus, government works hard to build capacity for future growth and reduce the burden of citizen in public and private sector. a) Improve access to private education * Public-private partnership Here the government to assist implementation of projects through the public private partnerships. (Bernama, 2009) By this policy, an effective area for public-private partnership is education. Therefore, the impact on the public and private sector policy is their policy will be more flexible and open to assist this plan. ...read more.


External environment such as political, economic, social and technology has been impact the relationship between employer and employee in public and private sector within Malaysia. By the way, organization culture has been created a big impact too. In addition, government policies within mini budget would impact the strategies and the management styles of the public and private sector. In my opinion, for political, the government plans to double the levy of foreign workers under the package may backfire as it will raise the cost of doing business. The employers in manufacturing and services sectors were not consulted before the double levy was announced. As such, employers are now faced with additional hardships due to both the economic slowdown and now, with the sudden policy change by the government. For suggestion, government has to re-examine the double levy policy, and to hold a dialogue with the relevant industry players on the policy. While for economic, with government guaranteed loans for businesses worth RM25 billion, or 41 per cent of the package, it will buffer downside risks to corporate earnings and help industries struggling with debts. For my suggestion, there would have been greater impact if the package included measures to raise disposable income for lower and medium-income groups. For example, the government should give direct cash assistance to the people or tax cuts to boost domestic consumption, as was done in Japan, Singapore or Taiwan. (Words count: 2379) 4. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. Balanced Scorecard for Telecom Industry

    Thus, these issues are handled and sorted out with balanced scorecard tool, since it allows management from regularly keeping up to date with the performance and strategy execution of the company. Talking about the use of a Balanced Scorecard in the telecom sector, especially in the cellular sector of this


    The following is a summary of key issues raised. Initial commentary on the findings is included in this chapter but analysis and conclusions are contained within the next chapter. 4.4.1 Background issues 90% of those staff interviewed stated that the corporate transformation had been successful.

  1. Free essay

    Employee Relations, Trade Union Recognition

    Public sector is highly exposed to strikes that usually cause a massive inconvenience for vast majority of the society. Industries including transport or health service (NHS) could pose a huge threat to the welfare of the people if stopped functioning.

  2. Context of Employee Relations and Industrial Conflict

    to give their all or withhold some of themselves from absorption into the 'unitary culture.' The unitary team approach is a small group approach, which can be seen as warm, cuddly and friendly and does not readily accept: * Different viewpoints * Criticism of organisational norms and universal directions *

  1. Reward Management, Monitoring Performance and Exit Rights & Procedures

    In many cases it is impossible to ascertain which came first, the motivation or the choice of career. But this is not so with those people whose careers had peaked. If it is true that people often adapt their needs to match the rewards which are available to them, then this would explain why Goldthorpe (1968)

  2. The purpose of this exercise is to introduce the relationship of selecting, evaluating, building ...

    These findings are summarized in Figure 2.0. Figure 2.0: A summary of Fiedler's results on which leadership style is most effective Other theories in this category focus on other aspects of the context; however, they have the same sort of structure, namely recommending different styles of leadership in different contexts.

  1. Context of Employee Relations and Industrial Conflict

    An organisation of this perspective will not easily accommodate different opinions of criticism. As the unitary approach sees conflict as anathema, it does not recognise conflict of interest which arises naturally between employer and employees. On reflection the unitary approach projects a warm and friendly togetherness, were understandings and values are essential and accepted.

  2. How trainig can contribute to an effective organization

    This includes a number of things that we have within us, such as experiences, beliefs, values, how we feel, motivation, and information. And the second part defines the function or purpose of knowledge, "that provides a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work