• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and Why Is GM Foods A Global Issue

Extracts from this document...


How and Why Are GM Foods A Global Issue? The introduction of Genetically-Modified (GM) Foods is a current hotly debated topic in the worldwide media and generally affects the worldwide population. GM foods are based upon cloaning natural crop genes from one species to another, which do not have to be close alike conventional methods e.g. soya and maize. The objective of their use is to make crops pest, weather and disease resistant and herbicide tolerant (www.foodfuture.org.uk). At present, GM crops are not grown in the UK but are in other parts of the world. It is a factor in the process of continuing globalisation. GM seeds have been introduced into the global food chain but worldwide concerns have caused divisions and controversies due to the uncertain consequences, lack of public agreement and economic repercussions. It involves everyone - consumers, producers, governments across the world are major players in the GM foods issue. This paper seeks to answer why it is a global issue, the economic factors involved, the eco-system and biodiversity, political factors and finally summarising of how and why it is viewed as a global topic for investigation. GM foods is a global issue because it highlights who is feeding the world and by what methods. ...read more.


For example, local processing of food oils e.g. sesame, coconut, etc, were constrained by a 'packaging order', which made oil production illegal without plastic/aluminium packaging. Also, the consumer want for healthier products, for example shown by research into developing healthier oils, is changing the local, natural food production methods. Furthermore GM oils that aim to substitute traditional ones (e.g. palm and coconut) could have a negative impact on economies of traditional oil-producing countries. Patenting is a concerned issue for small local poor economies as large western corporations are in effect, embezzling local knowledge by patenting food ideas as their own such as Basmati rice. The poor have to pay for what was once theirs and should still be. This leads to large corporations possessing the patents, selling the seeds to local poor economies as they have the legal right (www.geneticsforum.org.uk). Shiva (2000) claims this local knowledge is used as wealth property in world food trade. This shows the profound effect of global legislation primarily enforced by the World Trade Organisation, allowing patenting of indigenous knowledge. Western corporations have seized the opportunity whilst local originators were too unknowledgeable to realise this. Although patenting is supposed to be creating novelty phenomena, these natural occurrences such as rice products are not, but are shown as being. ...read more.


She claims the global economic market trap can be changed to achieve this, but if not, spells disaster for the poor. Nature and culture should be valued highly but globalisation is negatively exploiting them by destruction. However, some would argue farmers were exploited before globalisation and genetic engineering. Others believe that the solution lies more in the complex arena of world finances and politics; that it is about profit making for the global corporations. New viruses are likely to develop with the advent of GM seeds in agricultural land, this is inevitable, but biotechnology companies believe the benefits outweigh the risks. Although this is to be expected as they are compelled to focus on the benefits as promotion. Overall, the locally produced resources need protection from the major global players which will be difficult as the global demand for food is set to rise as populations increase this puts pressure on increasing land use. However, GM technology supporters argue it could help by increasing the quantity and quality of food produced, at less cost to the environment. Many global factors are involved such as economic, political and cultural factors, which gives GM foods it's global theme. However, as it is a rising and quite new current topical theme, much of the GM information sources draw from current Internet articles (which are largely unpoliced) so caution needs to be addressed when utilising them for debate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Microeconomics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Microeconomics essays

  1. Benetton Group: The evolution of a network to face global competition.

    risks, and so potentially outsourcing can be more harmful than beneficial for the firm. 5.1 Advantages of outsourcing 5.1.1 Development of core competencies By outsourcing, the company is able to dedicate more resources into developing their core competencies thus gaining them competitive advantages and so what could be described as a 'shield' from competition.

  2. Does Marks & Spencer have a future?

    The chain of activities gives the products more added value than the sum of added values of all activities. Marks & Spencer made changes in the following elements of the value chain in an attempt to deliver goods to its customers in a better way, improve profitability and foster competitive advantage in the market place.

  1. Supply Chain Management.

    In its functional management, each director of the company is responsible for a certain department and multiple functions.

  2. Explore the characteristics of "natural monopoly", and by doing so, relate it to the ...

    This strategy would allow firm a fair (normal) rate of return and more output than the MR=MC level of output, although still less than the optimum efficiency of P=MC. V. CONCLUSION In a monopoly situation, it is said that firm owners expend consumer welfare for their own profits as well as creating deadweight loss.

  1. Monopoly. A monopoly may arise as a result of natural forces, or it ...

    This represents the appropriation by the monopolist of part of the surplus previously enjoyed by the consumers. On the assumption that £1 gained by the producer can be treated as identical to £1 lost by the by a consumer, the aggregate surplus to society as whole is unaffected by this transfer of consumers' surplus.

  2. Production planning and control, plant location and layout.

    (3) Reliable and up to date information should be available for planning the process. (4) It should be capable of lying down appropriate standards and targets for effective control of the operations. (5) It should be based on sound decision-making principles.

  1. Why is consumer protection needed?

    They will investigate the matter and take whatever steps, are necessary to prevent others from being deceived. The Local Trading Standards authorities are under a legislative duty to implement the requirements of this Act and the Act gives them power of entry, inspection and seizure to help them do it.

  2. Manufacturing Strategy.

    Another good point is that apprentices are cheap. Further on I would suggest Harpers to invest in future in Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), which are not as difficult to operate as CNC Machines -Systems. FMS is system that consists of numerous programmable machine tools connected by an automated material handling system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work