• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Key strand of thought in Sociology. In this assignment I intend to examine in detail some of the main strands of thought associated with industrial sociology. To avoid the notion of schools of thought within sociology the term strand has been coined

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

I N D U S T R I A L S O C I O L O G Y II BAHHRD II Dr. Tim Hastings "Outline the key strands of thought in Sociology" By Damien Kelly 08751536 28/3/2011 In this assignment I intend to examine in detail some of the main strands of thought associated with industrial sociology. To avoid the notion of schools of thought within sociology the term 'strand' has been coined which allows to bring together the different contributions with whom a pattern has appeared and have something in common (Watson, 2003, p. 21) In exploring this topic in further detail one can see that there are six main strands. These include the managerial-psychologistic strand in which Watson points out is a strand in which contains what are usually seen as quite separate and indeed contrasting styles of thought (Watson, 2003 p. 21) Other stands include work by influential and renowned figures of sociology who include Durkheim in the Durkheim-systems strand, Marx in the Marxian strand and Weber in the Weber-social action strand. Lastly the sixth strand which will be examined within the assignment is that of the postmodernist perspective and poststructuralist. The first strand that will be explored is the managerial-psychologistic strand. This strand can be broken down into two key developments in this strand which are Scientific management and Psychological humanism. In looking at this one could argue that this strand does not strictly cover the work of sociology at work but rather it looks at the human side and is one in which sociologists look to and indeed critique to provide alternatives. ...read more.

Middle

Corporate culture is the idea that senior managers within an organisation must strive to develop a sense of belonging and purpose within the organisation. Barnard (1938) contrasted this on Durkheim's anomie. Watson (2008 p. 46) in relation to corporate culture, suggests that a key weakness with Durkheim's work is that it has a tendency to over-emphasise integration and consensus both within societies and within work organisations at the expense of attention to underlying conflicts. Ethnomethodology studies how people make sense of their world and argue that there are no structures to which it can relate which contradicts traditional sociology. Watson (2008, p. 52) suggests that the dangers of turning conceptual abstractions like 'society', 'class' or 'organisation' into existing 'things' which have a life of their own outside peoples own minds. The next strand which will be examined is that of the Weber-interpretivist strand. Essentially what this strand deals with is both the meaningful activity of the individual and the large scale questions of historical change and economic and political conflicts (Watson, 2008 p. 53). Weber attempted to find a balance between considerations of processes at a historical/societal level and processes of interpretation and action at the individual level (Hastings, 2011). Some critiques of his work would include the fact that some of his works are unfinished, ambiguous and the spelling and grammar is poor. Weber's early work inspired Goldthorpe to produce the Affluent Workers studies which gave rise to the concept of orientations of work. ...read more.

Conclusion

Postmodernism flies in the face of the world being a social order in which we as humans attempt to build a system to make sense of and to extract our economic, actualisation and humanistic needs. Instead we, as humans, can go about inventing our own world through our own language and culture. Poststructuralist denies the existence of structures. We can no longer rely on religion or science to make sense of the world and its realities are situated within the text and language which are not predefined. Indeed, it can be argued that it is the person who will give them meaning. Watson (2008, p.67) describes discourses within this strand as a set of concepts, statements, terms and expressions which constitute ways of talking or writing about a particular aspects of life, thus framing the way people understand and act with respect to this areas of existence. Essentially poststructuralism has been a dominant factor in tying together the idea of multiple discourses to the centre of the sociology of work and organisations. In conclusion one can see through the different strands how the sociologists have grounded the work in the area of sociology and that there are many that have links to another which have been examined throughout the course of this paper. One can also see the different views Durkheim and Marx displayed as completely opposite each other. Essentially, these strands form the basis for further exploration into sociology and provide the sound base for which to continue. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. External and Internal environment factors in Industrial Relations

    For strategies, government provides this scheme with totaling RM5 billion of loans is available for application of green technology within the development of the automotive industry. (Mini Budget, 11 March 2009) For the impact on this, they will follow human resource management strategy because automobile industry within public and private

  2. Critically evaluate the notion of scientific management. Is it still a relevant concept for ...

    and experts, and contended that almost every act of the workman should be preceded by one or more preparatory acts of the management. He also reasoned that each person be taught daily by those who are over them (1911). This style of management can be the catalyst for causing demotivation and dissatisfaction amongst employees.

  1. Part A of this report will examine my learning styles, preferences, highlight any areas ...

    Currently, according to Oloruntoba (2006) there is no definite model for a humanitarian supply chain. However Thomas (2003b) believes it could follow the flow in figure 1. (Thomas, 2003b) Although the humanitarian supply chain flow as described by Thomas (2003b)

  2. Context of Employee Relations and Industrial Conflict

    * Strikes continued and were now long and drawn out * Inflation accelerated into double figures by the mid 70's bringing a rise in wages of nearly 30% in some cases. * A new labour government revamped the 1971 Act and in 1974 gave unions mostly what they wanted, restoring immunities and strengthened the closed shop.

  1. Management and leadership within health visiting team in Edmonton locality.

    our team members have just suggested training for some of the HVAs * Comparison made from 'benchmarking" our organisation with others. Comments assessments from the courses that the staff have been on In The NHS Plan and Making a Difference 2, the Government's strategy for nursing and midwifery, highlighted the

  2. Entrepreneurship, my bachelor project is to analyze the situation of the ethnic female entrepreneurs ...

    Furthermore, entrepreneurs are people in the economy with the ability to discover and exploit profit opportunities. The term of profit opportunities include buying at one place and selling at the other place, buying in one period and selling in another period, buying inputs and selling modified inputs.

  1. Training & Development Assignment

    lead to in ability or unwillingness to learn and transfer the learning. These emotional constraints usually occur when trainees' are uncomfortable with change. In addition, if there is a lack of reinforcement on their job such as the lack of support from supervisors and peers pressure.

  2. Ethics/Corporate Social Responsibility Assignment

    It would seem that neither ethics nor social responsibility has a lot to do with it. The case of being good to employees makes fundamental business sense (Torrington and Hall, 1995). In the long term, employees who are secure in their jobs are likely to work harder and be more productive than employees who feel insecure in their employment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work