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Leadership and Motivation

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Introduction

Leadership and Motivation The leader is one who succeeds in getting others to follow him (Cowley, 1928) The definitions of lead, leader, leadership and leadership style is the notion of motivation. People generally think of movement, needs, doing, change, causality, influence, action, and impact when they ponder about motivation. Of times, questions are asked about motivation like; How did A Cause B? What factor or factors really caused B? Why was B motivated? Who had the most impact on B? Dictionary definitions give more insight into the relationship between leadership and motivation. To lead mean to show the way, to conduct, to guide, to direct, to cause to follow, to tend toward a certain goal or result, to point the way by going first, all implying some type of motivation. Of course, a leader is one who executes in some manner one or more of these processes. Leadership and motivational qualities are excellent to have not only among management in a business, but among employees as well. Many individuals tend to have an inclination to be leaders, while some learn successful leadership behaviors and go on to be effective leaders. Leading is the ability to influence others in a group. ...read more.

Middle

This type of authority comes with the title. * Reward power results from the manager's authority to provide formal rewards such as pay increases, promotions, bonuses, days off and so on. The most important is that you can reward employees. * Coercive power - the manager is using it when the behavior of the employee is not as it has to be and he is demoting or firing employees. It stems from a supervisor's authority to withhold rewards or inflict punishment. Personal sources of power include expert power and referent power. * Expert power stems from an individual's special knowledge or skills in relation to tasks performed by members of the team. * Refreshment power results from the administration and respect that others have for for an individual's personal characteristics and interpersonal skills. For example one employee can be a good example not only in his department but example for the other departments. * Enhancing Position Power - Increasing the flexibility of their jobs. Becoming an important part of the organization's information loop and thereby increasing their visibility. Promoting the importance of their work. * Enhancing Personal Power - Supervisors can enhance their personal power by promoting their current achievements and abilities, by refining their interpersonal skills, and by obtaining more specialized knowledge. ...read more.

Conclusion

Regarded as a lodging innovator, Mr. Marriott began shifting the company's business model in the late 1970s from hotel ownership to property management and franchising. His strategic decision allowed the company to accelerate its growth and broaden its leadership position. Conclusion: We chose this person based on our research of his skills and leading. J.W. Marriot is a successful person because he is using the 4 leadership styles and if you want to be a successful leader you have to use all 4 styles not only one. The work atmosphere in general has a lot to do with employee motivation. Typically managers that treat employees in a friendly manner are apt to get more of a positive response. You want to work at a business with individuals that enjoy their work and like their surroundings. Employees will compare themselves to others to make sure they are being treated in a way that they perceive as fair. If an employee feels that they are not being treated fair, they will lack the motivation to work hard. Everyone likes to have a little independence and to be useful while they are working. Some control is always needed, but flexibility is appreciated. Employees and coworkers are also happy when they feel like they fit in and are able to be themselves. This goes back to the basis needs that humans strive to fulfill. ...read more.

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