Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

Must women adopt male characteristics in order to succeed?

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Must Women Adopt Male Characteristics In Order To Succeed? This essay is will address the question of whether women must adopt male characteristics in order to succeed or not. Firstly, it will define what success actually is and demonstrate what the reality is for women. Secondly, it will argue for and against the adoption of male characteristics by analysing and comparing various studies, criticism and results. What do women need to do in order to succeed? Do they have to behave in a specific manner in order to be taken seriously? The evidence shows that women have recently been advanced to senior positions in large organisations (Wirth, 2001). However, they are still underrepresented in positions of authority within the public world of work compared to their male counterparts (White et al, 1992). Does that mean masculine style is what organisations are looking for in their leaders, and is it possible for a woman, displaying her 'female traits', to reach the top? What is success? In order to decide objectively what success is, we must first define what it means to ourselves as individuals, families and organisations. People are different. Their priorities are not the same. For example, the American world-renown motivational speaker Zig Zaglar says that ''success is only real when it encompasses every area of life - physical, mental, relationships, career and finances'' (Casey, 2008). In other words, true success requires balance between all these areas. In fact, we get closer and closer to real success as we fulfil more and more of our life purpose (A Successful Woman, 2010; Maslow, 1943).

Middle

For example, we can compare two female finalists of The Apprentice UK - a reality TV show in which young businessmen and women compete for an apprenticeship with the British business magnate Lord Sugar (Wikipedia, 2011). Series one runner-up Saira Khan - was criticised for being loud and forceful. Although she reached the final, her behaviour did not help her to win the job with Lord Sugar (The Apprentice UK, 2005). In contrast, the winner of series two - Michelle Dewberry - having the completely opposite behaviour - says in an interview that ''people do not need to be loud and cocky and ''bolshie'' - they just need to work as hard as they can, and hopefully they will get on in life'' (BBC News, 2006). Demonstrably, there are occasions when being feminine might be more beneficial than being masculine. Not only have masculine women been criticised and judged negatively, but also feminine women have been proven to be more effective. There is evidence to suggest that leaders displaying emotional and social intelligence are more likely to be outstanding performers and female leaders have been rated higher than men in this respect (Hopkins and Bilimoria, 2008). Another study of women and men at the organisational executive levels revealed that women outperform men in twenty-eight of thirty-one skill areas. Therefore, women have been proven to behave similarly but more effectively than their male colleagues (Perrault and Irwin, 1996). As a result, some organisations are willing to take further measures to have more females on the boardroom.

Conclusion

02, 2011). Pop V. (2011) ''Voluntary female quotas do not work - Norway says'' EU Observer, available at http://euobserver.com/851/32098 ( Last visited, Dec 03, 2011) Ramzy, N. (2002), "Arab women and labour: a study of three Arab societies", Journal of the Social Sciences, Vol. 30 pp.579-607. Rendell, M. (1980), "How many women academics?", in Dean, R. (Ed.), Schooling for Women's Work, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1912-1976 Rudman, L. A. (1998) ''Self-promotion as a risk factor for women: The costs and bene?ts of counterstereotypical impression management'' Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 629-645. Science Daily (2011) 'Macho' Women Face Backlash at Work, Researchers Find' http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110119114954.htm (Last visited, Dec 02, 2011) Singh R. (2011) ''PwC join club to help women take board roles'' Accountancy age, 24 Oct - available at http://www.accountancyage.com/aa/news/2119485/pwc-join-club-help-women-board-roles (Last visited, 03 Dec, 2011) Stead, B. (1985), ''Women in Management'', 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ Swiss, D. (t White, B., Cox, C. and Cooper, C.L. (1992), ''Women's Career Development. A Study of High-Flyers'', Blackwell, Oxford White B, Cox C, . Cooper C. L., (1997) "A portrait of successful women", Women In Management Review, Vol. 12 Iss: 1, pp.27 - 34 Wikipedia (2011) ''The Apprentice (UK TV Series)'', Wikimedia Foundation, Inc - available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Apprentice_(UK_TV_series)#Series_One (Last visited, Dec 03, 2011) Wintour P. (2011) ''Cameron says more women in the boardroom would help curb greed'', The Guardian, November 3rd - available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/money/2011/nov/03/cameron-women-boardroom-curb-greed ( Last visited, Dec 04, 2011) Wirth, L. (2001), ''Breaking Through the Glass Ceiling: Women in Management,'' ILO, Geneva, Wolfe L. (2009) ''Why More Women Should Hold Senior Management Positions'' Women in Business, available at http://womeninbusiness.about.com/od/womeninbusinessnew1/a/women-profits.htm (Last visited Dec 03, 2011) ?? ?? ?? ?? KATYA VARBANOVA - 200730017 MKIB227 - Women in Management - 2011/2012 Page 1

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Management Studies essays

  1. General Management - organisation, leadership and theories.

    Ten Prerequisites for Effective Organization Perry must satisfy some preliminary requirements to build a formal organization, especially one that handles medium to large projects like his: 1. He must know the project goals. This knowledge will help to determine how to best arrange his resources.

  2. Innovation For Business Success. It is possible to be innovative in both large ...

    for all else is the leadership, which can be summed up as 'highly proactive'. A recent example of proactivity is in moving ahead of the game in Australia in implementing ROHS (reduction of hazardous substances), which has become a requirement in the European customer base.

  1. Innovation & Entrepreneurship

    form of link that could safely be used by us as well as our partners, increasing our efficiency and realising savings in term of paperuse, photocopy, fax etc.... The preparation of performance returns has always been fastidious and time consuming specially while having to complete daily activities that I had to do on my computer.

  2. Workplace Behaviour Reflective Journal

    This tension is often two-way with 70% of older employees dismissive of younger workers' abilities while 50% of younger employees are dismissive of older co-workers. Most of them have also voiced their disappointment over the strict dress code and regimented work schedule and feel that they should have the flexibility

  1. Corporate citizenship is not an effective substitute for corporate social responsibility. ...

    Issues like environmental damage, improper treatment of workers, and faulty production leading to customers inconvenience or danger, are often highlighted worldwide. This for example was seen with Nestlé 8 who marketed their milk in third world countries as being better than natural breast milk, leading to a national boycott of the brand.

  2. Leadership style and the turnaround executive.

    Briefly, this mid-range leadership theory encompasses five crucial leadership dimensions: Continued from page 2 1. consideration (concern for people; good human relations; treating subordinates with dignity, courtesy, and respect); 2. concern for production (emphasis on challenging goals; achievement orientation; high standards); 3.

  1. What is Emotional Intelligence

    Self-motivation refers one's personal drive (internal locus of control) to achieve success, overcome obstacles, disappointments and frustrations as well to search proactively for opportunities (Dubrin 2004). It also prompts the individual to initiate conflict management, building bonds, teamwork and collaboration (Caudron, July 1999).

  2. Comparison of two articles from "The Academy of Management Journal" and "Journal of International ...

    and the George T. Milkovich (Cornell University and Hong Kong University). The research paper commences with a very clear abstract enabling to capture the key content of the article's research. The reader immediately realises that the crucial elements refer to managerial pay and organisational performance.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.