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Part A of this report will examine my learning styles, preferences, highlight any areas of weakness and suggest methods for improvement, using a number of recognised questionnaires. This will provide evidence to support my career choice and my chosen sub

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Introduction

Title Page APPENDIX Please ensure your family name is in BLOCK CAPITALS STUDENT No Project submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the BA (HONS) Logistics and Supply Chain Management of Northumbria University DECLARATION I declare the following:- (1) that the material contained in this Project is the end result of my own work and that due acknowledgement has been given in the bibliography and references to ALL sources be they printed, electronic or personal. (2) the Word Count of this Project is: Part A ...3893..... Part B ...5503... (3) that unless this Project has been confirmed as confidential, I agree to an entire electronic copy or sections of the Project to being placed on Blackboard, if deemed appropriate, to allow future students the opportunity to see examples of past Projects. I understand that if displayed on Blackboard it would be made available for no longer than five years and that students would be able to print off copies or download. The authorship would remain anonymous. (4) I agree to my Project being submitted to a plagiarism detection service, where it will be stored in a database and compared against work submitted from this or any other School or from other institutions using the service. In the event of the service detecting a high degree of similarity between content within the service this will be reported back to my supervisor and second marker, who may decide to undertake further investigation which may ultimately lead to disciplinary actions, should instances of plagiarism be detected. (5) I have read the University Policy Statement on Ethics in Research and Consultancy and the Policy for Informed Consent in Research and Consultancy and I declare that ethical issues have been considered and taken into account in this research. SIGNED: 1 .......................................................... DATE: ................................................................ ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank my lecturer for all his help during this assignment. ...read more.

Middle

Humanitarian Aid as is recognised today first started in 1863 when The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was founded by Henry Durant (Forsythe, 2005, p.1). The ICRC led the way in humanitarian policies and relief aid. In 1945 the United Nations (UN) formed from the League of Nations, to maintain international peace and security and to safeguard human rights, (UN, 2005). Today the UN plays a vital role in humanitarian affairs. It has, over recent years, created a number of organisations to manage the rising number of issues with emergency relief. In 2000 alone the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) raised $1.4 billion to aid over 35 million people in over 35 countries. The World Food Programme (WFP) established in 1961 is the food arm of the UN and delivers annually over one third of the world's emergency food aid, saving the lives of millions. With the number of displaced people on the increase, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has helped to protect and provide assistance to over 22 million people annually (UN, 2004). The UN is not the only organisation to offer assistance on a large scale. During the Berlin Airlift of 1945, when Russia tried to starve the people of Berlin by cutting off their food supplies, CARE International, one of the largest relief agencies in Britain, was responsible for supplying over two-thirds of the food delivered (Ryan 2000). The humanitarian relief community now includes a wide range of non-governmental organisations (NGO), both international and national, including the United Nations (UN) and larger organisations such as Medicins Sans Frontieres (MSF), Oxfam and the WFP (World Food Programme, the food branch of the UN). These organisations are funded by donations from world governments, corporations and private donors, (Oloruntoba and Gray, 2006) Section 2 - Literature review 2.1 Issues with humanitarian relief Due to its relatively short history the field of humanitarian/disaster aid is still developing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion Negative publicity of the poor use of resources, such as the 2004 Tsunami, bad communication from agencies with the general public and donors and can cause a decline in the vital public support humanitarian organisations depend upon. There is immense pressure on organisations from donors and a responsibility for organisations to use funding efficiently and to get the right aid to the right people at the right time (Rodman, 2005). More organisations are becoming aware of the need for collaboration with one another. This will save money, time and resources, all of which are in limited supply (Adinolfi, et al. 2005). From the beginning of a disaster, organisations operate independently and do not optimise the opportunity to work together achieving the same goal of helping and protecting those in distress. According to Russell (2005), each response to a disaster should be better than the last. In order to improve humanitarian relief for the next disaster, it is vital to change the way the public and donors view humanitarian aid. Russell (2005) also believes donors could help to support the infrastructure required by humanitarian organisations, as well as sending aid to those who need it. Many humanitarian organisations are now realising the importance of logistics and logistics information management. This is proving to be extremely challenging as this is not their core expertise, however academic organisations are recognising the need for qualified logisticians within the humanitarian field. The Fritz Institute and the Chartered Institute of Transport and Logistics now offer a comprehensive qualification specifically for humanitarian logistics. Although the use of commercial style logistics within the humanitarian sector is still in its infancy, the introduction of professional courses and the awareness of the benefits of a well run supply chain, the humanitarian sector is changing. While this paper identified areas for improvement there is still a need for further research within humanitarian logistics. ...read more.

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