• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

petroleum in our society

Extracts from this document...


Petroleum our society Year 2008/2009 Introduction http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petrole According to Collins dictionary, petroleum (from Latin 'petrous': rock, stone + 'oleum': oil) is a dark-coloured thick flammable crude oil occurring in sedimentary rocks, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons: the source of petrol and paraffin. Petroleum is not a recent discovery, it would has been discovered more than four thousand years ago. But it is only between 1859 and 1901 that the industry was born. Indeed, the American Edwin Drake is behind the birth of oil industry and this year, USA produced 274 tonnes of petroleum. We can separate the history of petroleum in six eras. The first one is during the discovery of oil, it was a 'black gold rush' in different areas in the world: California, Poland, Azerbaijan etc. The wells are not very several and the production is low, as one barrel per day Between 1901 and 1945, the production has increased thanks to the progress of techniques of oil exploration. It was so huge that the only problem at this time was how to sell it off. During the two world wars, petroleum was at big stake. USA represented 60% of the global production. After the Second World War, because of the high growth known by the developed countries, the consumption has increased: multiplied by three in 20 years. In 1960, the biggest producers create the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) to coordinate the members' interests. After 1973, there is one oil crisis after the other. ...read more.


Nowadays, to respond to the issue how to replace oil in the future years, scientists thought about the biofuels which are made from renewable resources, as plant biomass or vegetable oils and treated municipal or industrial wastes. At first sight, it is a good substitute to petroleum. Made from natural resources, the shortage risk is low. Nevertheless, it exists some bad points for this alternative. Let us talk about the impact of the environment. First of all, to farm the land for fuel production leads the land clearing (cf Amazonian forest). And without a doubt, there are no really savings about carbon dioxide emissions. In effect, the biofuels do not emit necessarily less CO2; it depends on what the land was previously used for. The greatest threat here is global warming. In any case, for US which is a big consumer (and also a big producer) of oil, if they convert all their maize production it definitely won't be enough to satisfy all the demand. And yet, US is a very big country with a huge cultivated area. At economic and social levels, the direct effect is the increasing of food prices and in the same way, the decrease of access to the neediest populations to food, for example in Africa. To illustrate with another example, in France which is a great product country, the cost of vegetables or even wine would go up. Finally the solution is not to leave the biofuels, but just to develop and use them in the right way. ...read more.


or "How do you imagine your future without oil?", "Do you realise this resource is disappearing?" or "For how long do you estimate the reserves?" etc. My aim is to estimate their degree of awareness. I would prefer to investigate the average young people (up to 25 years old) because I consider them like the ones who can influence the future behaviours. The using of a questionnaire to fill in by my colleagues at university would be a good way to collect enough data about awareness of people. Later, when I'll explain them everything known in 2008, I imagine a group interview. The aim of this collective discussion will be to pay attention to the suggestions, how they think they can manage to solve this problem. Qualitative data because I think I have to compare the quality of biofuels and ones of classic oil. I will find this information through research made by experts. It would be interesting to know more about the effects of producing this alternative to petroleum, if it is not a long-term danger for environment or a social issue (i.e. problem of agriculture). About the actions of the governments in the whole world I was thinking about looking for some reports, meetings, and statements of Parliament. In these documents, I hope finding all the pieces of information I need to conclude on their actions and to make sure that authorities are conscious of the reality of this problem. To link this issue to the war in Iraq for example, I could look at the historic of this country to understand better why US was interested by setting up there. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Management Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Management Studies essays

  1. GAP analysis for Shell.

    In 2001 forty-two people lost their lives working for Shell. Although figures are not available Shell states that this is significantly less than in 2000. Indeed Shell states that this is the lowest number of fatalities ever recorded for the organisation.

  2. ALDI PESTEL & SWOT Analysis

    � In case of differentiated products major operators in the industry tend to work with a limited number of specialized distributors thus raising the competition among suppliers and consequently making their bargaining power very low. Bargaining Power of Buyers: � The bargaining power of buyers is high.

  1. Global Wine War Case Study - New World v. Old World Wine Producers.

    No matter for which definition about the resource, in the resources-based view of strategy, the resource or the resource and capabilities are the basis of company's competitive advantage. Only with the valuable, sustained and non-mobile resources, company can develop and grow sustained in a long time.

  2. Outsourcing Report. Objectives are: To ...

    Keeping the cost low and managing the flow of cash is a vital factor for the success of transactions. Buyers also open procurement offices near the sites of suppliers to maintain a tight control over the supply chain. The major challenges in sourcing are higher logistics costs, global supply chain and fluctuating rates of currency.

  1. Tata Nano. The launch of the People's Car by Tata Motors is a defining ...

    The point therefore, he adds, is to be able to address the lower market somehow with a reasonable acceptable product. India, in any case is a country where people have a tremendous urge to own but often it is beyond their reach.

  2. Report on Bata in India

    Apart from it also undertook expansion and upgradation of its retail stores. Export Oriented Unit was also to be set up at Hosur in Tamil Nadu. 1996 - The Long Term Agreement with the Bata Mazdoor Union representing employees of Batanagar and Calcutta Offices was signed at bipartite level satisfactorily without any disruption of work.

  1. The Future of National Oil Companies (NOCs) in a Globalized Oil Market

    4.7 Funding Requirements and Strategy 31 4.8 Conflict of Interest and Balance of Control 32 5.0 Creation of value and National Oil Companies 34 5.1 The National Mission 34 5.2 NOC`s indirect Role as Advisor and Regulator 35 6.0 Conclusion 35 7.0 References 39 List of Figures Figure 1.1- Petroleum

  2. This Report gathers data reviews analyzes and highlights the strengths weaknesses threats and opportunities ...

    Additionally it is reviewed in-depth by segments such as leather garments leather goods including Footwear Bags and Luggage. This section also discusses Economic Developments Trends in Consumption Trends in Production and Wholesale and Retail trade among other areas. It particularly looks at the current market scenario and how this is

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work