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The factors that motivate first line management in engineering companies.

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Introduction

Title The factors that motivate first line management in engineering companies. Research Objectives 1) To critically evaluate the literature to identify key theories and models of motivation 2) To undertake primary research amongst the first line management in engineering companies in order to evaluate identified key theories of motivation. 3) To draw conclusions and give recommendations for areas of improvement. Background Motivation is a basic concept in human behaviour and also in employee behaviour. My research proposal is on motivation because motivation has a huge value in determining performance, and employee morale. An employee's performance typically is influenced by motivation, ability, and the work environment. The organisation I'll be concentrating on will be in a number of local Engineering Companies (in Kenya). I chose to study motivation in engineering companies due to having communication access i.e. contacts. I would comfortably get information about the organisations. This is because I am familiar with engineering companies, as I have had work experience last summer. And while working in the organisation I know the company's competitors. As a result of research on engineering companies I would be aware of the way the employees work and will be able to understand the employees' behaviour at an early stage. In every organisation motivation is a major subject. ...read more.

Middle

He concluded that such factors as company policy, supervision, interpersonal relations, working conditions, and salary are hygiene factors rather than motivators. According to his theory, the absence of hygiene factors can create job dissatisfaction, but their presence does not motivate or create any satisfaction. In contrast, he determined from the data that the motivators were elements that enriched a person's job; he found five factors in particular that were strong determiners of job satisfaction: achievement, recognition, the work itself, responsibility, and advancement. These motivators (satisfiers) were associated with long-term positive effects in job performance while the hygiene factors (dissatisfiers) consistently produced only short-term changes in job attitudes and performance. Taylor (1890), Maslow (1954) and Herzberg (1959) are all process theories of motivation. Process theories, are brought forward by Vroom, and Poter and Laweler (1968) - Expectancy-based model. Vroom (1968) was the first person to put forward the expectancy theory aimed specifically at work motivation. His model is based on three key variables: valence (the feeling of specific outcomes), instrumentality (the valence of outcomes derive, therefore, from their instrumentality - Mullins 1999. Leading to two distinctions between first-level outcomes and second-level outcomes). And expectancy (when a person chooses between alternative behaviours which have uncertain outcomes). Basic model of expectancy theory Source: Mullins 1999 Research Methodology To achieve my research objectives I would talk about the Research Design and Data Collection. ...read more.

Conclusion

I would interview and give out questionnaires to both part-time i.e. mostly students and full-time employees and employers. This is because students' behaviour towards work is very different from full-time employees/employers or old people. Overall, to analyse and compare my results I would draw bar graphs and pie charts to draw a conclusion. Numerical Techniques The statistical data I have collected is through questionnaires. A copy of a questionnaire is attached in the appendix of my assignment. My questionnaire is about motivation at work, how do employees and employers get motivated. I gave out questionnaires to two organisations and they are EGG and Search. To draw my results I would draw pie charts and bar graphs. I have analysed my results in a tally table to make it easier to draw conclusions (and to draw pie charts and bar graphs). 1. What is your gender? 2. What age group do you fit in? 3. Are you are part-time employee/employer or a full-time employee/employer? Women P/T employee Women P/T employer Women F/T employee Women F/t employer 5. The job you are doing is it interesting? 6. How does the organisation motivate you, by... 9. Does the organisation provide any benefits to you if you work overtime? Overall, I would conclude that motivation is very important that a person is motivated when working. If he/she is not motivated to work than the person will not enjoy working and will be wasting time where he/she can do something else that motivates them. ...read more.

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