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The purpose of our assignment was to conduct research on whether students who work while at University perceive their experience of work as being more stressful as than those who do not work while at University.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT 2 Introduction 3 Literature Review 5 Method 12 Findings 15 Discussion 17 Conclusion 22 References 23 Appendices 26 Abstract Background: We believe it is important to look at the stress experienced by students and the environmental factors that possibly contribute to it, as it has been proven that stress has an effect on an individual's psychological well being. Aims: The purpose of our assignment was to conduct research on whether students who work while at University perceive their experience of work as being more stressful as than those who do not work while at University. Methods: The data for this study was provided by the Organisational Behaviour lecturer, and is a culmination of results from questionnaires filled in by Organisational Behaviour students from our current class (Summer school 2011) as well as from previous years. The sample group was selected for convenience owing to the fact that time is very much a factor for the Summer school courses. There were a total of four questionnaires used, and it was up to each group to interpret the data set in relation to their chosen research question. Results: We found no significant difference between those who work and those who do not (p=0.7). We have also found that the experienced stress levels of the students in this study are average, however we did find a significant difference between working males and working females (p=0.02). No difference was found between non-working males and females (p=0.17). Conclusions: There are always going to be advantages and disadvantages of working whilst studying. I could not find a clear definitive answer as to whether students who work and study experience more stress than those who do not work. From the findings there is a link that having a higher demand workload can increase the levels of stress but it is entirely dependent on how each individual copes with it. ...read more.

Middle

This is where the JDSC model comes into play as it measures the stress level of people. We know that the stress level of students working while studying at university and those students who do not work whilst studying, are not that similar because the ones that work and study have a higher stress level as they have more responsibilities. The students that work and study their demand and support factors of the JDSC model are very high as they have a lot of aspects they have to consider when they are studying and working at the same time, but on the other hand the students that don't work and study their demand and support factors are less than those that combine the two roles (Clays et al, 2005). This is indicating that students who work and study at the same time get stressed more than those students that don't work because the students that work have more to worry about with university and work so there is more to cope with rather than those that don't work. Overall this showed how the factors of the JDSC model measured stress on students that worked and students that don't work while studying at university. It identified which factor of the JDSC model had the most impact on students that work and study to those that don't work and study, it was also established that students that worked had high demand and students that don't work had low demand meaning that the students that work while studying have higher stress levels than those who don't work. Method The data for this study was provided by the Organisational Behaviour lecturer, and is a culmination of results from questionnaires filled in by Organisational Behaviour students from our current class (Summer school 2011) as well as from previous years. The sample group was selected for convenience owing to the fact that time is very much a factor for the Summer school courses. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is also suggested that specific protocols be set in place for data entry to minimize human error and to preserve the integrity of the data, such as having standard conventions for data points as opposed to allowing the researchers to use their own. Conclusion In general, students are prone to stress whether they are working or not working and the level of stress increases by the demand of the academic workload and the job. There are many things that cause stress for college students and these can be classified in four main sources which are; interpersonal sources, intrapersonal sources, academic sources and environmental stressors. Responses to stress can be emotional, behavioral, cognitive or physiological. reactions to stress. Those responses can be positive or negative depending on the situation and the coping skills that the individual has at their disposal. During the duration of this report it showed which factors of the JDSC model measured the most stress on students that worked and students that don't work while studying at university. It identified which factor of the JDSC model had the most impact on students that work and study to those that don't work and study, it was also established that students that worked had high demand and students that don't work had low demand meaning that the students that work while studying have higher stress levels than those who don't work. There are always going to be advantages and disadvantages of working whilst studying. I could not find a clear definitive answer as to whether students who work and study experience more stress than those who do not work. From the findings there is a link that having a higher demand workload can increase the levels of stress but it is entirely dependent on how each individual copes with it. Recommendation We believe that if students have better time management skills when they are engaging both work and study they are able to reduce the amount of stress and demand on their psychological well-being. Also university and employs should be more supportive of students with in regards of their work load. ...read more.

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