• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This essay will explore how external factors affect tourism as a whole and in America.

Extracts from this document...


Introduction Leiper's whole basic tourist system consists of five main elements; at least one tourist, at least one tourist generating region, at least one tourist destination region, at least one transit region and at least one tourism industry. He suggests that without any one of these elements the tourist system would not function correctly. As well as the main elements of the tourism system Leiper also refers to external factors and how they can affect the function of the tourist system. External factors include; Human, socio-cultural, economic, technological, physical, political, Violence and terrorism and legal factors. External factors are factors which destinations are unable to control. This essay will explore how external factors affect tourism as a whole and in America. External Factors affecting Tourism Economic factors can be either positive or negative; the tourism industry can reap economic benefits by promoting developing tourist destinations. Tourist boards promote developing destinations to attract tourists and improve the destination's economic value, once the destination is economically stable components of the travel and tourism industry such as airlines and tour operators will begin to invest in the destination by selling holidays to tourists. Business men and women will invest in the development of hotels, restaurants and attractions, thus developing the destination further resulting in even more tourists visiting the destination. ...read more.


Other laws and regulations set by the government include; consumer protection laws which ensure that consumers are sold quality products, organisations must abide by the trades description act 1968. These laws and regulations have a positive effect on the tourism industry as tourists have more trust in travel and tourism organisations to sell them quality products and services and thus are more willing to travel. Employment laws include paid holidays, which allow employees to have paid time off work to travel. This is a positive external factor because without paid holidays a lot of working and lower class citizens may not be able to afford to take unpaid time off work which will reduce tourist numbers dramatically thus reducing the economic value of most destinations. Socio- cultural factors are influences that society has on an individual, for example society has created a stigma about travelling to certain destinations such as Benidorm, this influences whether or not a tourist will choose to travel to Benidorm. Developments in information technology such as personal laptops, wireless internet and better software has changed the way businesses operate; With advanced technology it is much easier and time effective to carry out paper work online and consumers can now purchase travel components such as flights and hotel rooms online which means very few employees are required. ...read more.


However the poor exchange rate also means that American tourists are not getting as much currency in exchange for their Dollars when visiting foreign destinations and have decided to go on domestic holidays within America instead. As the majority of America's tourists were incoming tourists tourist numbers have rapidly decreased since the recession hit, which has lowered the country's economic value. The recession has also lead to a rise in unemployment and the collapse of businesses especially within the tourism industry. Conclusion External factors have a huge effect on the tourism system Leiper talks about. Whether they are positive effects or negative effects they can change a destination completely. For example economic factors can be negative such as the recession in America, as explained earlier, due to the recession many travel and tourism organisations such as hotels, airlines, attractions etc became bankrupt which could mean that some of America's most popular tourist attractions and facilities no longer exist. On the other hand a rise in the number of incoming tourists can increase the economic value of a destination. External factors can also change the dynamics of Leiper's tourism system; a development in transportation could result in tourists travelling directly to their desired destination, thus losing the need for the transit route element within Leiper's tourism system. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Tourism, Transport & Travel section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Tourism, Transport & Travel essays

  1. This is an executive report on Virgin Atlantic Airways, which contains an External and ...

    And also virgin can also leverage on the fleet size of Singapore airlines. Virgin Atlantic recently extended its codeshare agreement with the second largest airline in Heathrow, BMI. Under this agreement, virgin Atlantic customers can book flights on virgin and fly BMI to destinations in the Middle East.

  2. Project Report on Tourism and Hotel Industry in India

    are- Type 1 is your conventional beach holidaymaker who seeks sun and sand, shuns contact with the locals, and heads for organised package tours and club vacations. Type 2 combines sightseeing with some bathing in seas or lakes, is reasonably curious but not overly interested in local culture, and also prefers organised packages.

  1. This report examines the external environment surrounding Fairmont Hotels & Resorts Inc. over the ...

    Porter 5-Forces Analysis The Porter 5-Forces Model, developed by Harvard Business School professor Michael Porter assesses an industry's attractiveness and the degree of competitiveness within the industry by examining the five players that have an influence over it. The following examines the existing competitors, potential competitors, substitute products, customers,

  2. Ryanair - business analysis. What is the strategic position of Ryanair and how ...

    group of customers and, therefore, where the organization must excel to outperform competition. For Ryanair the Critical Success Factor's are: Innovation; They were the first airline company that offered low-fare flights at some places where it was not served before.

  1. investigating the tourism industry

    abroad people have left the UK as they are guaranteed sun more in other countries than here in the UK. Even though the domestic tourism have fallen since its peak in 1974 of 40 million people the industry has thought back with the development of short breaks such as weekend

  2. Sustainable tourism

    ISO does not stipulate the extent to which performance must be improved. Rather, the scheme focuses on the performance of the system. * Initial review: EMAS requires a verified initial environmental review. ISO recommends but does not require an environmental review.

  1. Dissertation on medical tourism. Most of the publications on medical tourism are focused ...

    possible risks for the tourist but also major lack of regulations and possible negative effects on local communities. In order to fully understand the medical tourism trend, a multiple research on the areas of sociology, consumer behaviour, sustainability, policies and psychology needs to be undertaken.

  2. I have been employed by the Sunderland City Council as a consultant to write ...

    The conference destination with easy access to entertainment, restaurants, bars and shopping are the betters. In a normal cognition, the location is everything, if there are hotels can walk distance to conference, it also will be a plus. Close to major shopping and entertainment districts is also one indispensable facilities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work