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This report will outline the concept of 'scientific management'.
The first 200 words of this essay...
This report will outline the concept of 'scientific management', a concept developed
by Frederick Taylor. This report will also outline how this concept has influenced the
Field of Organisational Behaviour as we know it today. This report will also outline Taylor's early experiments, and show how they have been influential in the process of organisational behaviour.
The concept of scientific management has influenced the study of organisational behaviour in many ways, it has affected the way individuals go about their day-to-day lives within organisations. Scientific management may be defined as "the name given to a series of approaches aimed at improving the performance of individual workers through the use of analytical procedures to lift workplace efficiency" (Davidson & Griffin, 2003:41). While organisational behaviour may be defined as "the study of individuals and groups in organisations" (Wood et al, 2001:4).
Taylor had developed four principles of management that he thought, "would result in the prosperity of both managers and workers" (Robbins et al, 2000:44). Taylor's four principles of management include:
- Develop a science for each element of an individual's work, which replaces the old rule-of-thumb method.
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