• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Transformational Leadership. Transformational leadership involves the provision of leader influence on subordinates, but the effect of this influence is the empowerment of subordinates, who are also leaders in the transformation of the organization. Wit

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transformational Leadership [Name and Last name] [University title] Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Leadership a. Transformational versus Transactional Leadership b. Leadership Styles c. Contemporary Approaches to Understanding of Leadership 3. Conclusion There are three main approaches the study of leadership: theory of personality traits, behavioral approach and situational approach. Since 1920, the followers of the theory of personal qualities were trying to find out what characteristics of a person to provide leadership. Developing this idea, researchers believed that if these "special" qualities were to be identified, people could learn to "educate" a leader. The theory is based on the features of the German psychologist late XIX - early XX century and focuses on the innate qualities of leadership. In the framework of the features, the concept of transformational and charismatic leadership has been developed (Storey, 2004). Transformational leadership is the process of achieving significant changes in attitudes and representations of members of the organization and the formation of the commitment of significant changes in the goals and strategies of the organization (Anagnoste et. al., 2010). Transformational leadership involves the provision of leader influence on subordinates, but the effect of this influence is the empowerment of subordinates, who are also leaders in the transformation of the organization. With charismatic leadership, the focus is on individual leaders. On contrary, charismatic leadership is built on energy, charm, his ability to inspire, lead. Although most researchers agree that charisma is a special gift and one can't learn, there are some aspects of charismatic leadership, which everyone can apply in practice (Anagnoste et. ...read more.

Middle

For example, among the motivations of leadership called the desire for power, which compensates for feelings of inferiority [A. Adler], the desire to control the situation, offsetting anxiety associated with a frustrated need for security [K. Horney] (Avolio, 2002). All of the above theories of leadership consider leadership as an internal phenomenon, associated with the characteristics of the leader - whether innate or acquired. In addition to these endogenous theories, there are other concepts that - let's call them, respectively, exogenous theories - in which leadership is viewed solely as a result of the influence of external, social (rather than personal) factors (Middlehurst, 2008). One of them is the theory of leadership as a function of the group. The founder of this theory J. Homans believed that every social group - a group of slaves in need of leaders and leadership he defines as a person that best reflects the group values that can satisfy the needs and expectations of the group (Middlehurst, 2008). The next step in the understanding of leadership is the theory of situational leadership. The founder of this theory R. Stogdill believed that a person becomes a leader not because of their special characteristics and needs of the group, but because of the situation (Middlehurst, 2008). Experimentally he found that one and the same person in the same group becomes the leader in one situation and not become another. Some authors try to combine the external factors (environmental factors, the factor of the situation, etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

The partial approach is formed by the practice of psychologists and suggests ways of correcting the personal orientation in the environment. Formation of manager's personality indirectly associated with working off some operations and included in management activities, from psycho-correction system of relationships. Special attention is given to the development of thinking and the creation of algorithms for solving management problems (Eader, 2008). Engineering-psychological approach considers the head as the decision maker (Eader, 2008). This approach limited the study of psychological processes of the head of information and its individual characteristics, manifested in management. Reflexive-value approach examines personality of the head through the formation of his reflexive-value-management concepts (Eader, 2008). The ability to head the integration is manifested in the formation, reflection and self-correction of its own management concept which consists of a series of overlapping conceptual models of activity. Its elements are: strategic plans, economic performance, problems encountered in implementing the targets, the causes of problems; management tools address the causes, functional units that implement these tools, information on the state of activity. In the socio-psychological approach, developed and empirically proven different models of personality manager industrial organization, studied the effect of manager's personality on the effectiveness of management, organizational capacity and focus of leadership, forecasting professional development, management and interaction effects of social and perceptual processes in government; role conflict and socio-psychological orientation (Eader, 2008). Situation-integrated approach considers the dynamics of personality development manager in different management situations and life events (Eader, 2008). To study the mechanisms of personality development manager highlighted the complex (evaluation activities throughout the volume of its functions) and local (bound for a function) prediction and expressive evaluation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. No one best style of leadership

    It is true to say that there are certain characteristics which would be a vital catalyst in creating a 'good' leader, such as intelligence and confidence, however research shows that 'there is little in common between specific personality traits of different leaders.'

  2. Assessing your own leadership - management at Costa Coffee.

    It is used everywhere in many ways. A leader is not only used in the business world, but also in education, clubs, sports, volunteer work, government, and even in your own home. I think it is wrong to say that there is one best style of leadership which can be

  1. Leadership. There are many styles or ways that a leader can use to motivate ...

    * The time available to make the difference. * What is the relationship shared between the leader and follower. * The level of hierarchy and the decision making powers. * Whether the employees are trained in their task. * Whether the leader understands them and their task. * Degree of satisfaction,stress etc.

  2. Management and leadership within health visiting team in Edmonton locality.

    Therefore the people employed need to be utilised to maximise the gain from their skills (Strike 1995 p 8). Strike insists that while the service relies on its people, it is not cost effective to pay staff to hold the skills that are not needed or the responsibility they do not exercise, or to employ more staff than is necessary.

  1. The purpose of this exercise is to introduce the relationship of selecting, evaluating, building ...

    Quite simply, feedback is the sharing of information about the employee's performance. Positive feedback serves to sustain behavior that is appropriate and effective. Negative or corrective feedback serves to change behavior that is inappropriate or ineffective. Thus, the employee should receive a mixture of positive and corrective feedback.

  2. Leadership In Context. This article will attempt to frame 2 queries on Leadership ...

    The uniqueness of this unit is that it make up of many different vocations from all the 3 services. This bring about a collection of different services' culture and working norms. Hence, there is a need to varies different leadership approaches to match the different expectation.

  1. Recruitment & Selection

    Advertising a post Advertising a post can be done in a number of ways. Some businesses use newspapers, posters, email and fax as a way of advertising a vacancy. Using the Internet to advertise jobs is becoming increasingly common. Advertising can also be done using an agency or a job centre.

  2. What are the attributes of an effective leader? Discuss with reference to well ...

    Manager rather than discuss it with the Branch Head who is more senior. It was believed that the Assistant Manager develops interpersonal relationships with the staff members; hence earning their respect. On the other hand, the Branch Head is seen as an autocratic leader, focusing strictly on tasks and how

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work