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Use economic theory and supporting material to discuss economic reasons in favour and in disfavour of an imposition of a minimum wage.

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked Student ID: 6939649 Use economic theory and supporting material to discuss economic reasons in favour and in disfavour of an imposition of a minimum wage. After careful and long consideration, the government in UK decided to implant a National Minimum Wage in April 1999. The wage is set to £3.60 per hour and £3.00 per hour for those who are 18-22 years old. (Economics Online 2017)The Low Pay Commission set up by the government did various research about UK and foreign countries, but there was only a few conviction what the effect will be on the economy. Some supported this decision and there also were some against it. In this essay I am going to try to analyse the effect of minimum wage on different markers and business groups. A minimum wage is a legally mandated price floor on hourly wages, below which non-exempt workers may not be offered or accept a job. (Investopedia 2017). The main objective of the minimum wage is to give the people that receive wages with a standard of living above poverty. Minimum wage can be achieved by two different ways, either through trade union forcing the firm to increase the wage or through government setting a law to increase the cage. In the UK, the government explored and analysed the economy and figure out what should be the minimum wage be, and in what way it would affect the main problems in UK: unemployment and inflation. ...read more.

Middle

It s hard for the government to find a perfect rate to set since different markets have different rate before the National Minimum wage is instroduced and the effect of unemployment will vary in different markets. The implentment of minimum wage causes structural unemployment. Structural unemployment is a longer-lasting form of unemployment caused by fundamental shifts in an economy and exacerbated by extraneous factors such as technology, competition and government policy. (Investopedia 2017). In this case, it is caused by the hike of the minimum wage, causing the firms to be more selective in their employing process, as they will more likely to employ people who has a higher education and more skilled. This decreased the employment rate of the lower educated population, hence causing a drop in employment rate. Also ,it will increase the competition of employees will increase, as the firm will be less willing to employ of keep the lower educated, inexperienceed workers, hence pushing them out and taking away their oppurtunity to gain experience and knowledge to enter a new firm. ________________ Diagram 2: Increase price of product The firm may also increase the price of their products due to the increase of wage, in order to generate enough income to compensate their higher wage to the employees. As shown in Diagram 2, by increasing the price of the product from PE to P2, the supple curve shift from S1 to S2, the quantity of the product sell will be lowered from QE to Q2. ...read more.

Conclusion

Investor then will be encouraged to invest in the tertiary industry, for example, IT, education and transport. This will then increase the foreign direct investment, FDI, which then will boost the growth and expansion of the economy (shown in diagram 3). By looking through both side of the effect that minimum wage has, there are no solid conclusion that we can point out if minimum wage is either good or bad for the economy. Although minimum wage has a good impact on the economy, it is not a long-term solution to satisfy every workers. According to Adam Smith, worker suffer from money-illusion(Adam Smith Institute), as it is the real value of money, with no real nominal value that matter to them. The minimum wage will onlk keep the worker happy for a period of time. The UK is a fast developing coutry, which means the the standard of living is constantly increasing. In order to compensate that, the minimum wage will also constantly increase alongside it, which will cause a problem in a long run economic point of view. So in conclusion, although minimum wage is able to solve the uemployment and inflation periodicly, it will cause a lot of other economic problems in the future, like de-growth. The government should use minimum wage as one of their policy to achieve better standard of living, but should never solely rely on it, sa in many economic situation, only using one solution will never solve the economical problem efficiently and completely. ...read more.

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