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Better Day Coming; Blacks and inequality 1890 to 2000.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Better Day Coming; Blacks and inequality 1890 to 2000. By Adam Fairclough Better Day Coming is a historic rendering of the Civil Rights movement in the United States is presented with a concentration on the South. Fairclough teaches American history at the University of East Anglia, and aims to present an interpretation of the black struggle for equality in the United States between 1890 and 2000, concentrating on the South in this book. The first half of the book covers 1890 to 1919, with sketches of such individuals as Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey. Quickly reviewing major events (e.g., the Great Migration, the Scottsboro affair), Fairclough guides readers through the 1910s, '20s and '30s, examining the failure of Garvey's black nationalism and recognizing the role of the Communist Party in fighting racism. After that, the book addresses a ´┐Żlarge of topics: education, employment, World War II, anti-communism, Brown v. Board of Education, the Montgomery bus boycott, the sit-ins, the 1965 Los Angeles riots and the Poor People's Campaign. He also analyzes the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr., and the effects of the Black Power movement on the struggle for black civil rights. The final chapter, skims over the remaining decades of the century. Adam Fairclough commences at a convenient point of the failure of the reconstruction process after the civil war and triumph of white supremacy in the decade that followed. Faiclough 's writing indicated the struggle of black inequality in the period immediately following the triumph of the northerners over the south republics and the hopes and expectations of the Negro population in the aftermath of the civil war. There hope of freedom and equality before the law. The 13 thirteenth amendment and the recognition of Negro marriages, their right to form families, to worship as they viewed fit, to acquire and hold property, enjoy the freedom of movement but they soon realized that liberation would be empty without land, legal rights and the ...read more.

Middle

movement, the most erroneous action on the part of Garvey according to Fairclough was the fact that he admitted to holding secret talks in Atlanta with the imperial wizard of the Ku Klux Klan this was viewed as an act of betrayal by the black community to the idea of black nationalism. This new program adopted by the Garvey movement was attacked vigorously. In addition, the anti Garvey movement was launched comprised of members of the NAACP and other official. They attempted to discredit Garvey's character and 1927 he was deported to Jamaica on the basis of Mail Fraud. Fairclough makes pains to portray the movement as a mass movement of international proportions demonstrating the fact that the movement was spreading throughout the world and the British empires concern with the movement as they viewed it as a threat to the status quo within their own colonies Chapter 7 The Radical Thirties attempts to capture the radicalism that sweep across America during the great depression that country face in the 1930's. The chapter captures the sprit of the Swelling tensions and the rise of communist as an avenue for social and economic redress. Fairclough attributes he rise of the Communism as a ideology of change to the Scottsboro affair he uses this a means of illustrating the rise of the party as a deliverer of justice and their ability to fight for a cause and their willingness to take on the cause of the black population. He also indicated the growing faction between the NAACP ad the Communist party during this period again indicating the spilt in the movement of the black population. He views the communist party as being an avenue of change especially when both white and black America where suffering immense economic hardship. He puts forth the view that the NAAACP was an inadequate organisation during this period of economic distress as they failed to realize the climate of the nation and their emphasis of civil rights created a vacuum that the communist was able to fill with them advocating of bettering the economic conditions of the working class. ...read more.

Conclusion

The BPP's ten point program combined reformist, revolutionary and nationalist demands. While the, movement helped in cultivating strength and belief in the idea of nationalism and blacks ability to protect themselves by the use of arms. The black Power disintegrated due to FBI interference and the self-indulgent nature of its leaders. According to Fairclough the assassination of martin Luther, King removed the one person who had the capacity to unify the black population and bridge the racial divide. Fairclough entitled chapter 15 as The Continuing Struggle and in this chapter, he summarized the present day condition of black America and the impact of the civil rights movement of the previous decades. But he maintains that he persistence of racial inequality is existence, he using the points of education and the abilities of blacks to be employed to prove his view, he writes that 13% of blacks in the 1980'd were less likely to obtain managerial and professional occupations. He also indicated the high level of poverty and growth of a black majority underclass to compound his point. He also speaks about the political vulnerability of black American, with the disintegration of the civil rights organization, the political character of black political strategy disintegrated as they became subdue into the two party alignment. Fairclough puts forth the view that the movements of the civil rights period enhanced the legal position of the black population but there is a new era yet to be hatched as the crisis continues up to 2000. Fairclough has attempted to analysis and illustrate from the end of postwar Reconstruction in the South to the rise and fall of Black Power, in the book Better Day coming. Adam Fairclough presents a straightforward synthesis of the century-long struggle of black Americans to achieve civil rights and equality in the United States. Throughout, Fairclough presents a judicious interpretation of historical events that balances the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement against the persistence of racial and economic inequalities, that persisted in the Southern and Northern States of the United States of America ...read more.

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