• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Machine Imagery in Twentieth Century Art

Extracts from this document...


Dani Jessee Midterm Essay One Machine Imagery in Twentieth Century Art The beginning of the twentieth century was shaped with explosive advancements in industry and engineering. The Industrial Revolution in Europe brought the world closer together (and would soon cause conflict of power among nations) with developments like the steam engine, railroad system, advanced weaponry, and reinforced steel. Drastic increase in population led to a need for building cities up instead of out; thus, the skyscraper and high rise buildings, made from iron, steel, and glass, covered the land in Europe. The arms race between Britain and Germany soon extended to the rest of Europe, with all the main nations dedicating their industrial base to the manufacture of equipment and weapons needed for looming battle. In 1914 the First World War broke out across Europe and devastated and changed the lives of millions of people. ...read more.


This quote places the machine beside the nude figure and still life (standards used in art for centuries) as an artistic ideal that reflects perfection. In 1912, Marcel Duchamp created a piece known as Nude Descending a Staircase. Duchamp was captivated by early cinematic art and the movement of the body in chronographs by Etienne-Jules Marcy. Although his work departs from cubism, it still contains the style's use of reductive palette and uses brown, tan, and black colors. The mechanized figure in the painting has been broken down into separate parts and multiplied to mimic staccato movement. Both of these paintings use cubist elements to create the human figure in a mechanical and robotic motion. The Futurist style in Italy used cubism elements to showcase political views and goals of revolution. ...read more.


Lastly, the Russian artist, Kazimir Malevich, uses cubist geometry to create his Morning in the Village after a Snowstorm in 1912. The cylindrical robotic figures of the townspeople walk through a mechanized landscape of snow that is formed in hard edged lines. The colors, red, blue, and gray give the painting a cold metallic feeling and the shape of the figures remind the viewers of a man made from tin. The depiction of human figure as machine-like and robotic in motion is a reoccurring theme throughout pictures and sculptures at the beginning of the 1900s. With the new age of industry came a new view of the world and its inhabitants. A fear of machines taking the place of human and animal labor formed along with the concept of beauty found within the speed and dynamism of machinery and technology. All of these ideas were materialized in the art of the early twentieth century through cubism and other styles. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts essays

  1. Artists of the early 20th century Modernist era often denied any influence by African ...

    some attribute the birth of Cubism and a defining role in the course of modern art throughout the twentieth century. "L'art n�gre? Connais pas!" - Pablo Picasso, 1920 A sad testament to the naivety of Western society at the time, Picasso emphatically denied any influence of African art on Les Demoiselles ('African art?

  2. The aim of this art history essay is to discuss the ways in which ...

    3("His [Picasso] interpretation of African art, in these mask-like faces, was based on this idea of African savagery; his brush-strokes are hacking, impetuous, and violent"). Picasso was able to convey his personal feelings and views about the primitive culture through his dramatic art work.

  1. How are consumerist ideals represented through the pop art works of Richard Hamilton, Claes ...

    Yet, although artists Hamilton and Oldenburg created unique bespoke pieces, art historian Osterwold believes that, even though the art was mass produced, it was still equally as credited: "Within the context of art, the banal content of these pictures gives them a striking innovative quality.

  2. Free essay

    Discuss the process of female objectification through the works of Olympia [1863] by ...

    While in Analytic Cubism they were merely lifeless, sexless objects, Man Ray's "violin" gives the photo an erotic aura." Both historians then carry on and suggest that this is emphasised by the reference to the classicist painter Jean Auguste Dominque Ingres and his famous 'Turkish Bath,' where the central nude has her back to the viewer.

  1. Feminist Art. Representation of Womens Bodies in Art , Rap and Film.

    The most positive representation of the woman body, better yet the vagina is the art work of Judy Chicago. Judy Chicago successfully represents the vagina as flower-like or butterfly-like piece of art. This type of representation empowers woman and makes them feel better about themselves.

  2. Was Modern Art Greater Influenced by the Invention of the Camera or Kindergarten?

    Historians aren?t sure exactly as to what exactly caused the sharp turn and quick acceptance to the new visual style.

  1. The Originality of the Avant-Garde

    This Kantian approach ?perceives art as a unique expression engendering a pure aesthetic and transcendent emotion, disengaged from practicalities,? labelling, and determination. Raynal likened himself to Picasso in the way they sought ?feeling,? whilst formalist critics and naturalists looked for ?truth.?[32] Despite having known Picasso from the early years, ?Raynal

  2. The use of Kabuki Elements in a Performance of Bertolt Brehts The Caucasian Chalk ...

    Actors can enter and exit with a large amount of stylistic expression in a serious attempt to establish their characters early so the audience can focus more on the meaning of the character?s actions. This can be used to assist the alienation process used by Brecht to separate the audience emotionally from the action.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work