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University Degree: Music

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  1. Current Trends in Music Education

    Some research indicates that smaller high schools are better settings for meeting adolescent needs and helping students reach their full academic potential. In an attempt to break down large comprehensive high schools, a number of options are being tried. Small school alternatives include schools-within-schools and parallel schools sharing the same physical space with distinct missions and programsii. Some large high schools separate students by grade level into separate wings. Along with having high standards in core subjects and other areas, the arts and aesthetic programs are either brought along with it, ignored, or stomped out.

    • Word count: 821
  2. Band Review

    El Policia consists of 3 members: Sam Wall, Al Wheatley and Hugh Thomas, who together have formed a great relationship to create some innovative music.

    • Word count: 600
  3. Hey, Soul Sister.

    ain't that mister mister on the radio, stereo The way you move ain't fair you know Hey soul sister, I don't wanna miss a single thing you do tonight Heeey heeeey heeeey Just in time, I'm so glad you have a one track mind like

    • Word count: 295
  4. Why has Richard Wagner been a controversial composer even today?

    He used a complex system of what are called "Leitmotifs", or melodic ideas which stand for characters , things or ideas in the drama. With Wagner, harmonies became more complex than ever before, and his revolutionary use of this element influenced composers everywhere, and led to the music of the 20th century. As I already mentioned, Wagner is the most controversial composer of 19th century. He divides people as no other composer did it before. A lot of people and musical critics find his work magnificent, but there are a lot of others who can't stand his music, because of his ideas, mostly political opinions in the real life.

    • Word count: 978
  5. description essay

    Leaving the middle of the park open with a patch of dead and bumpy grass. The park was very enclosed, bare, and blurred. It gave me the hazy feeling that I was the only person in the world to have ever found it. At the opening of the park right in front of my feet was a stream of water that I had been following for quite some time it was about a foot and a half wide. The eerie thing is that the water became as still and black as the devil's heart once it reached the park.

    • Word count: 864
  6. How does the music capture the majesty of the Titanic? The aim of this piece of music is to capture the confidence and magnificence of the greatest liner in the world's maiden voyage.

    It is at this point the listener is able to picture the liner outside with a great view of the full ocean and sunlit calm. The heroic choral theme occurs again in B51 within the soprano and alto choral lines and at B57 the first violins play a variation on it. At B86 the theme triumphantly returns again in the violin and viola parts in the key of B major. In B108 the flutes and clarinets play a variation on the heroic choral theme again.

    • Word count: 972
  7. Private Net Bars Problem

    Closing private net bars would be the most efficient way to keep the young away from bad influences caused by indulging in computer games. For example, many teenagers skip class to have enough time to play computer games in the private net bars. Only in those net bars, they can play computers no matter how long it is and nobody will restrain them. As a result, these young people waste their precious time and learn nothing useful. Moreover, staying in such a dark, crowed, noisy room does harm to young people's health.

    • Word count: 638
  8. Integrated Assignment

    So when I sang the second verse of the song and then sang the chorus I felt more determined to get the key change right. I also performed two other song pieces, which were also themed on love. They were 'How do I live' written by Diane Warren and ' Hero' by Mariah Carey and Walter Afanasieff. I felt that I sang 'How do I live' well on the whole however, I could have done better. As I could have practised the higher note in the chorus of this song a little more.

    • Word count: 870
  9. "Enjoyable, but ultimately of little practical use." Consider the value of music or art or literature in the light of this comment.

    We can no longer think of music and link it with worthless value. I'm not saying that there aren't types of music that have negative influences but in this essay, I'll be writing about the positive outcomes and how music has influenced our society. In one's life, there is bound to be ups and downs. There are so many occasions of happiness and celebrations as well as sadness, anger and turmoil. In my opinion, music reflects all kinds of feelings and emotions that people on this earth have. It speaks out to us and is there when we need comfort and assurance.

    • Word count: 848
  10. The life of Mozart in summary.

    The couple made their home in Vienna where Mozart supported his family by writing music for the public. The final ten years of the composer's life were difficult. He received little or no commission for his works, and the genius of his talent and compositions remained unrealized. Mozart died at the young age of thirty-six on December 5, 1791 probably due to health problems. On the night of his death, people gathered below Mozart's window in the Rauhensteingasse to sing his music in his honor.

    • Word count: 998
  11. Eminem - good or bad music?

    The lyrics definitely don't send the right message, telling stories of drugs and being addicted to them. I sort of tune out the lyrics and focus on the music." (P.Williams, p.2). I had heard the song "Drug Ballad" only once before I heard it in class. I liked the beat very much and understood what the song was about; however, I had never stopped and listened carefully to see if there were more than just lyrics, a message, behind his words. I think this song is very interesting. More than just cursing and humor, it also has a message.

    • Word count: 919
  12. A Critical Review of "The Composition of "Und spur' ich" in Beethoven's Fidelio.

    Overall, the article is exquisitely organized, and presents each individual point well. The first portion of the article explains Georg Treitscke's account of the events which took place preceding and after Beethoven's writing of "Und spur' ich." Georg states in "Thayer's life of Beethoven," Beethoven came to me about seven o'clock in the evening. After we had discussed other things, he asked me how matters stood with the aria. It was just finished; I handed it to him. He read, ran up and down the room, muttered, growled, as was his habit instead of singing-and tore open the piano...The hours passed, but Beethoven improvised on.

    • Word count: 928
  13. Compare and contrast the methods of treating thematic material on the part of Goldsmith in Planet of the Apes and Bernstein in On the Waterfront.

    At bar 7, it is treated in fugue by the flutes (in octaves) and trombone and then repeated but altered by trumpets from bars 13 to 18 with the clarinets ending it at bar 20. In the first 20 bars, fugue, changes of instrumentation and repetition have been used. Next a more rhythmic orientated theme is introduced involving the timps, piano and other percussion playing quaver based ostinatoes. At bar 42, the alto sax solos over the ostinatoes using semitones and perfect fourths. At bar 54, the wood wind repeat the theme but the note values have been diminished.

    • Word count: 604
  14. The research on musical varieties and preferences examined on particular examples of the music art.

    Was there unity to what you were hearing? Did certain sounds keep repeating (like a barking dog). Or did things keep changing? b) What kind of sound environment was this? In the country early on a Sunday morning? A busy traffic intersection? An office...? c) How was your mood affected? 5. Silvie? is a folk song composed by Huddie Ledbetter, a.k.a. Lead Belly, (1889-1949 6. The ?Body and Soul? and Haydn ?scherzo? excerpts (pp. 32-34) both illustrate basic features of repetition and contrast, but they are obviously very different in terms of sound and style.

    • Word count: 618
  15. Midi Sequencing - Over-view of MIDI.

    MIDI-track construction. In all, I used eleven Midi channels, each with there own separate ports. All the ports are numbered "port 1-1, port 1-2" etc with the exception of "port 1-10" as this is a preset Drum and percussion channel. I had set my BPM count to "120", as I was trying to create an R&B kind of track. For each channel, with the exception of the drums and percussion (ports 1-10), I chose a sound from the MU50 sound module via the control strip.

    • Word count: 629
  16. The Hebrides - Mendelssohn.

    was the lonely island and the main inspiration for his music. But in Mendelssohn's published letter's there is no mention of Staffa and the title foisted by the publishers meant that it wasn't the Fingel caves which inspired him and Staffa wasn't the lonely island. Mendelssohn composed the Hebrides over just under a 3- year period but there were 2 different versions written. The first version was finished in Rome in December 1830 and he headed it Die Hebriden bur someone took a copy of it before Mendelssohn had made most of his alterations called Die einsame Insel.

    • Word count: 585
  17. My Musical Appreciation.

    But from then on it all becomes more difficult. There really is no definite theme that runs through my musical taste. It varies greatly from extreme metal through hardcore punk, to electronica, briefly crossing into acoustic and pop. I constantly carry thirty mini discs with me wherever I go, most of which consist of two or more albums. I find this a necessity as my choice of listening material can change a number of times between getting on a bus, and getting off at the end of a journey.

    • Word count: 704
  18. By his use of imaginative orchestral colours Stravinsky makes the story of the Firebird come alive. Discuss this view of Stravinsky's use of the orchestra referring to suitable passages in the score, using the first five movements of the work.

    dominant 7ths and 9ths to show good magic which can bee seen in bar 14, based on D. This could represent a glimpse of the Firebird. Another one of Stravinsky's traits is that he works with sound, this section would be much easier for the string player to play across the strings, however to achieve the exact magical effect he wants it "Sul D". This use of sound is also seen in pantomime 2 where he asks the violins to play spiccato, also another very specific sound. In bar 16, beat 8, the mood becomes unearthly once again this could represent the magic Firebird disappearing.

    • Word count: 970
  19. A comparison of the baroque and modern flutes.

    Firstly, I plan to study the development of the baroque flute, as it is my main focus for this project, and what its capabilities were for composition. Then I will compare the flutes, using the pieces I have chosen, one written for a baroque flute, and one for a modern flute. From this investigation, I hope to be able to draw some conclusions about the better of the two flutes. At the moment I prefer the baroque flute to the modern flute, and I would like to prove that it is indeed the better flute.

    • Word count: 720
  20. Lauren Wood Concerto Grosso

    (1605-38). Influenced partly by Montejelli, the German composer Heinrich Schm�tz applied the new style to German glucose works. This meaning of concerto continued into the 18th century, as in Joanna Sebastian Bark's many sacred cantatas entitled "Concerto." A specific category of concerto arose for the first time in the late 17th century. Arcangelo Corelli, a leading violinist and composer of the then-prominent, north Italian violin school, used the new title concerto grosso for the 12 instrumental pieces of his opus 6 (probably written c. 1680-85 and published posthumously c. 1714). These works employed a string orchestra-called the concerto grosso, the ripieno ("full" In music, a repeating section: in the 14th and 15th centuries, it was the refrain at

    • Word count: 951
  21. The MoThe erhu is a Chinese string instrument which possesses a 500 years history.

    Without a fingerboard, the player has great freedom when executing vibrato. The snakeskin belly gives it a unique timbre that allows the erhu, in its low and mid registers, to cut through a western symphony orchestra. Unlike the violin, the tone is soft and thin at its highest register. on Reflected Reflections of the Moon on Er Lake in Two Streams The erhu is one of the oldest musical instruments in the world; existing for more than one thousand years.

    • Word count: 457
  22. A Look Into Music Therapy

    But how is music capable of healing on physical, mental and emotional levels? For this we seek to answer the question, 'What is music?' What is music? Everyday, music serves us faithfully, playing an integral part of our public and private lives. It is vastly used in arenas of national importance (e.g. National anthems) and personal significance (e.g. wedding songs). In many normal applications it supports or transcends spoken word. It therefore cannot be seen as simply a vehicle for the emotions but also as a complex creation of the intellect.

    • Word count: 952

"Where words fail, music speaks."

-Hans Christian Andersen

If you can correctly guess most of Bach's cantatas within a few bars, or you'd happily spend an entire weekend composing electronic music, then you might want to consider a university degree in music. Depending on the course, you might study musicology, performance, composition and music technology.

Alongside songs, music students will be expected to compose plenty of essays. If your writing doesn't flow as well as your melodies then you might want to consider studying Marked by Teachers' collection of creative arts and design essays. Reading our real student essays and the teacher's annotations will give you techniques for smarter editing and better writing, prestissimo.

Students of music can stay in the field via teaching,recording, arts administration and performing; or pursue further study and careers in unrelated fields like medicine or marketing. But whatever direction your career might take, musical knowledge will never stop enriching your life.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "A notation should be directed to a large extent towards the people who read it, rather than towards the sounds they will make." (Cornelius Cardew, 1961) Discuss.

    "As we have seen, 'simple' notation does not necessarily equal many possible interpretations, and on the same line, an elaborate notation such as Cardew's can permit varied interpretation. The psychological impact of how the music looks on the page invites varied readings; the printed page is a storage medium where an inevitably incomplete representation of 'notateable' ideas can be retained for the future. The fact that this aspect of the work does not change over time, like a painting or a book, does not mean that the piece will not change and evolve. Art's ability to carry societal properties, to evolve and reflect changing times is surely part of its value. The search for greater notational control led to greater complexity, yet the early influence of the possibilities of electronic music must have contributed to this pursuit. Peter Zinofieff spoke of an early ideal, satisfied by electronic composition, where 'we can each have our own private language specially tailored for our own machines and individual needs or frustrations' 21 Ultimately, though, the performer's job is 'to make the relationships and patterns in the music clear to the listener's mind and ear'22. This hope, though, displaces the enduring problems which lie between composers and those who are employed to realise the work, be they human or otherwise."

  • To what extent did the composers of symphonies in the Soviet Unionmanage to comply with the strictures of state control of music whilst retaining a degree of creative individuality?

    "Therefore in conclusion, the early work of Shostakovich constructs a narrative in which the strictures of the state can be discerned but this didn't stop many aspects of his work to achieving distinct individuality. The referring back to the conservatism of his first symphony and at the same time embracing the rebellion of the intermediate Symphonies enabled Shostakovich to strike a balance between conforming to state policy and maintaining his individuality. Thus, the ambiguous nature of music enabled this composer the means to challenge state musical policy without the regime taking noticing."

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