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University Degree: Music

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  1. Depiction of character through music and words

    It is said that the original draft of the novel was written extremely quickly. Lloyd Osbourne, Stevenson's stepson, remembers; "I don't believe that there was ever such a literary feat before as the writing of Dr Jekyll. I remember the first reading as if it were yesterday. Louis came downstairs in a fever; read nearly half the book aloud; and then, while we were still gasping, he was away again, and busy writing. I doubt if the first draft took so long as three days" This sounds almost as if Stevenson was gripped by a fever, a compulsion, just as Jekyll was in the novel.

    • Word count: 4289
  2. If you want to know about the Sixties, play the music of The Beatles (Aaron Copland) How accurate is this statement in relation to the development of popular music in Britain?

    They were later described as "the four most famous and musical men on earth, the best dressed and on a good day the most captivating people anyone can remember" (Taylor, n.d.) and "witty, irreverent, young and lovable moptops" (p86, Frontani, 2007). This look attracted thousands of young men and women, many of whom would copy them in an attempt to idolise this new band. It is therefore possible that the visual change in the sixties was indeed down to The Beatles and they were "a catalyst for much of the change that occurred during the 1960s" (p231, Frontani, 2007).

    • Word count: 3299
  3. Research Dissertation:how is the live events industry dealing with negative impacts effecting the enviroment?

    Its time all involved started to take responsibility and the heavy responsibilities lay with the event organisers, it is wise for them to involve all stake holders and other industry figures to pull together and make a change. Introduction Two of the main Management issues discuss in this report are how are event organisations lowering Co2 emissions and what waste management techniques and applications are being used. Both issues are becoming increasingly more important within this sector. Both indirectly relate to each other.

    • Word count: 7742
  4. Ontology of Music

    Although it may have many copies, or different types, the works of music themselves are cannot be bought or sold as literally as diamonds, pearls, and works of painting and sculpture; instead, performance rights, reproduction rights, or copyrights of the works of music may be sold. Similarly, they also cannot be destroyed2. The only things which can be destructed are their copies or any other substantial things unless it can be clear out from memories. It is an obvious view that the works of music are physical objects.

    • Word count: 3092
  5. Eesti Muusikaakadeemia.

    ning �ks tavaarvustus (Bj�rki Vespertine), mis tegelikult ei erine mahult m�nest n�dala plaadi retsensioonist. Kuiv�rd ei ole teada �htegi universaalset, igasse konteksti sobivat definitsiooni popmuusika kohta, tuleb siinkohal lahti m�testada, mida k�esolevas uurimuses popmuusikana k�sitletakse. Popmuusika all m�istan teatud populaarmuusikastiile (pop-rock ja paljud h�briidsed stiilid), mis on algselt p�rit peamiselt USA ja Suurbritannia 1950. aastate kultuurimaastikult. L��nemaailmas on popmuusika alates 20. sajandi teisest poolest muutunud domineerivaks.1 Kuna pop ja rock on t�naseks sulandunud, on ka pop- ja rockkriitika piir muutunud �hmaseks. Seep�rast l�htub proseminarit�� pop/rockmuusikat �hendavast kriitikat��bist, pidamata oluliseks seda kriitikat��pi t�histavat m�istet. Meetodil, mille abil plaadiarvustusi anal��sin, on palju �hist kvalitatiivse sisuanal��siga.2 Anal��simeetodi, millest on t�psemalt kirjutatud peat�kis 2.3., koostamisel olen kasutanud veel Simon Frithi ja Pekka Oeschi, aga ka Tiit Hennoste ja Janet M.

    • Word count: 9685
  6. The Haas Effect - Echoes and Location

    However the brain can also pickup the location of individual sounds among many other sounds, like picking exactly where different voices are originating from in a crowd. This ability to quickly and instinctively locate sounds is a very important one in early human survival, and it may well have developed from the survival of the fittest area of evolution. It is quite easy to see that if somebody could hear exactly where the sounds of animals which they wanted to catch were coming from, they would be able to catch more of them and thus have more food to live on.

    • Word count: 3981
  7. Early Music.

    Hildegard traveled throughout southern Germany and into Switzerland and as far as Paris, preaching. Her sermons deeply moved people, and she was asked to provide written copies. In the last year of her life, she was briefly in trouble because she provided Christian burial for a young man who had been excommunicated. Her defense was that he had repented on his deathbed, and received the sacraments. Her convent was subjected to an interdict, but she protested eloquently, and the interdict was revoked. She died on September 17, 1179. Her surviving works include more than a hundred letters to emperors and popes, bishops, nuns, and nobility.

    • Word count: 3732
  8. Timbre as a form-building property in the music of Kaija Saariaho

    This involved a stay of four months in Tampere, in Finland's worst winter for fifty years. The experience was memorable not only for the weather conditions but for the refreshing open-mindedness of the Finns in their approach to modern music. The government funding of music education reflects the respect in which composing as a profession is held by the Finns. Their range of contemporary music festivals is enviable, and I found new works programmed at almost every concert, which were full without exception. On returning to Britain, I briefly researched Saariaho for a contemporary performance techniques project at college, but found very little research material of value available.

    • Word count: 14305

"Where words fail, music speaks."

-Hans Christian Andersen

If you can correctly guess most of Bach's cantatas within a few bars, or you'd happily spend an entire weekend composing electronic music, then you might want to consider a university degree in music. Depending on the course, you might study musicology, performance, composition and music technology.

Alongside songs, music students will be expected to compose plenty of essays. If your writing doesn't flow as well as your melodies then you might want to consider studying Marked by Teachers' collection of creative arts and design essays. Reading our real student essays and the teacher's annotations will give you techniques for smarter editing and better writing, prestissimo.

Students of music can stay in the field via teaching,recording, arts administration and performing; or pursue further study and careers in unrelated fields like medicine or marketing. But whatever direction your career might take, musical knowledge will never stop enriching your life.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "A notation should be directed to a large extent towards the people who read it, rather than towards the sounds they will make." (Cornelius Cardew, 1961) Discuss.

    "As we have seen, 'simple' notation does not necessarily equal many possible interpretations, and on the same line, an elaborate notation such as Cardew's can permit varied interpretation. The psychological impact of how the music looks on the page invites varied readings; the printed page is a storage medium where an inevitably incomplete representation of 'notateable' ideas can be retained for the future. The fact that this aspect of the work does not change over time, like a painting or a book, does not mean that the piece will not change and evolve. Art's ability to carry societal properties, to evolve and reflect changing times is surely part of its value. The search for greater notational control led to greater complexity, yet the early influence of the possibilities of electronic music must have contributed to this pursuit. Peter Zinofieff spoke of an early ideal, satisfied by electronic composition, where 'we can each have our own private language specially tailored for our own machines and individual needs or frustrations' 21 Ultimately, though, the performer's job is 'to make the relationships and patterns in the music clear to the listener's mind and ear'22. This hope, though, displaces the enduring problems which lie between composers and those who are employed to realise the work, be they human or otherwise."

  • To what extent did the composers of symphonies in the Soviet Unionmanage to comply with the strictures of state control of music whilst retaining a degree of creative individuality?

    "Therefore in conclusion, the early work of Shostakovich constructs a narrative in which the strictures of the state can be discerned but this didn't stop many aspects of his work to achieving distinct individuality. The referring back to the conservatism of his first symphony and at the same time embracing the rebellion of the intermediate Symphonies enabled Shostakovich to strike a balance between conforming to state policy and maintaining his individuality. Thus, the ambiguous nature of music enabled this composer the means to challenge state musical policy without the regime taking noticing."

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