• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Primitivism advocated by Gauguin has had a lasting influence on modern art. It heralded a complete revolution in taste which began with the first exhibition of the Fauves in 1905.

Extracts from this document...


The Primitivism advocated by Gauguin has had a lasting influence on modern art. It heralded a complete revolution in taste which began with the first exhibition of the Fauves in 1905 "As the great conflagration of 20th century expressionism burst into flame, the spark that set fire to that movement called 'primitivism' was the 19th century discovery of the primitive arts of the South sea islanders and the wood carvings of native African tribes. The first major artist who works on these colorful Polynesian patterns in his woodcuts and paintings was Gauguin" (Flemn, 1963: 712). Paul Gauguin was born in 1849, the son of a radical journalist and a socialist mother. From his father he seemed to have inherited a violent temper and headstrong disposition; from his mother, a passionate desire for personal freedom. Among the friends of his wife he found a number of painters and others interested in art. As a result, Gauguin began to spend his holidays painting (Stites, 1940: 730). He was associated in Arles with the painter Van Gogh who was also suffer from the corruption of the society and of modern culture generally. However, after the accident in one evening that Gauguin went outside alone and Van Gogh followed him, the relationship between them broke up. And as Van Gogh became crazier, which one can notice from his action that he cut out of the newspaper, title of the story 'The Murderer Run Away' and said that Gauguin murdered his own happiness. ...read more.


It also used bright colors (Lloyd, 1991: 60). In Street Scene, one of several painted in Berlin after he moved there in 1911, it had the simplified form for the men in the background is a convention is much primitive art (Hamilton, 194). This picture, Munch's Puberty, strongly recalled Gauguin's primitivizing, Young Girl with Fan, in the Folkwang Museum. Both of them had mask-like faces (Lloyd, 1991:76). The work of Karl Schmidt-Rottluff was even more aggressive in technique. Although he usually painted neutral subjects such as figure studies, the nude, landscapes, and still life, he exploited clashes of strong colors and linear distortions (Hamilton, 194). This picture, Nude Before a Mirror, based on primitive art. The face and figure were from African masks and figures (Hamilton, 194). This painting, Four Evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, was keeping with the idea that interior design should unite different media and art forms. The mask-like heads made a far more general reference to tribal art (Lloyd, 1991: 60). Emil Nolde also had a journey to New Guinea which one can notice of how this native people greatly influenced his works. With this picture, An Aborigine with Headscarf, the new style of facial decoration, scarification, hairstyle, jewelry and costume were shown. The bone structure of the native face was shown a pattern of light and shadow (Lloyd, 1991: 220). Gauguin did not influence only the German artists but also French artists, among them, Matisse, found in their simplified geometrical forms and a justification for their abstract designs. ...read more.


When Moore started to do a sculpture, he did not start by looking at his model. He started by looking at his stone. He wanted to 'make something' out of it. Not by smashing it to bits, but by feelings his way, and by trying to find out what the stone 'wanted' (Gombrich, 1995:585). One can see from this sculpture, Recumbent Figure. Moore made use of the natural shape of Wood like Matisse's Blue Nude. After the Second World War, he built this large figure, King and Queen, in Bronze. It probably the most famous work. Personally, I like this Primitive art the most because of the bright colors such as green, red, yellow, orange, and blue. Whenever, I see these pictures I feel fresh and relieve. Moreover, I do not have think much about the pictures because most of the previous pictures usually had their meanings. I think that art should not be something that I have to spend a lot time to think about it. It should be something that can make me feel good and relaxed. Bibliographies Adams, Stephen. Lecture of History of Western Art, 2002. Flemn, William. Art and Ideas. United States of America: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963. Gombrich, E. H. The Story of Art. London: Phaidon Press Ltd., 1995. Greenfeld, Howard. Pablo Picasso: An Introduction. Chicago: Follett Publishing Company, 1971. Hamilton, Heard George. 11th and 20th Century Art: Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Unknown date of publication. Lloyd, Jill. German Expressionism: Primitivism and Modernity. London: Yale UP, 1991. Stites, J. Raymond. The Arts and Man. United States of America: McGraw-Hill, 1940. http://www.nga.gov/education/schoolarts/rousseau.htm http://www.mcs.csuhayward.edu/~malek/Miro.html http://www.cubism-asada.com/artist/sonia%20Delaune.html 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts essays

  1. Artists of the early 20th century Modernist era often denied any influence by African ...

    These avant-garde artists, their dealers, and leading critics of the era were among the first Europeans to collect African sculptures for their aesthetic value. Starting in the 1870s, thousands of African sculptures arrived in Europe in the aftermath of colonial conquest and exploratory expeditions.

  2. The aim of this art history essay is to discuss the ways in which ...

    It is notably Picasso's first art works to be influenced by primitive art. Perhaps being the most revolutionary painting of the 20th century by breaking with traditions of the past. It is considered the 'birth' of cubism. Picasso, Les Demoiselles D' Avignon, 1907.

  1. How influential was Jan Van Eyck?

    The influence of this feature of Van Eyck?s art can be seen in Brueghel who embraced the ethos that in the depiction of landscape due attention must be given to the far distant aspects of the depiction as well as the foreground.

  2. Feminist Art. Representation of Womens Bodies in Art , Rap and Film.

    In past art and even modern art, women bodies continue to be dismembered. According to a famous 16th century painter, Albrecht Durer, the ideal nude is constructed by taking the face of one body, the breast of another, the legs of a third body, and so on until the painter creates a nonexistent body.

  1. Was Modern Art Greater Influenced by the Invention of the Camera or Kindergarten?

    the idea of a person?s environment at a young age affecting their style of art, as they grow older. Does the amount of exposure to conforming pressures of society affect one self?s artistic expression? After exploring many areas of focus, my decision was to greater explore the influences that the invention of the camera had on modern art.

  2. Commentary on the Arnolfini Wedding by Jan Van Eyck, 1434

    This artwork marks the beginning of Raphael?s personal style. The moment depicted in the painting is derived from The Golden Legend, a thirteenth-century collection of stories about the saints? lives. The painting shows a great influence of the compositional styling of contemporary artists, as well as a strong inspiration of his former master.

  1. Jackson Pollock. Pollock defined modern art through two words, freedom and originality.

    The choice of using industrial paint emphasizes that there was a lot of freedom and originality as Pollock experimented with his media and and abandoned traditional paints. Shows there are no boundaries and that there is complete freedom of original ideas and experimentation.

  2. George Bellows. In this paper I will discuss George Bellows upbringing, his life ...

    The crowd in the front of the ring at the bottom of this scene is almost entirely black and white. The ring features browns and grays and even a small patch of bright blue on the physician's vest. As we make our way to the far back, Bellows uses gray to give the effect of haze.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work