• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Chartism a failure

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was Chartism a failure? Over the last few decades, historians have debated among themselves trying to decide how successful or not this movement was; a movement that would have provided vast opportunities in a political sense to the working classes. Chartism was a working class movement which emerged in 1836, which aimed at extending the political rights and opportunities to the working classes. The term Chartism originated from the People's Charter which outlined the six main aims of the Chartist movement; the enactment of universal suffrage, equal representation, the abolition of the property qualification, vote by ballot, annual parliaments and the payment of members.1 It has to also be included that the implementation of the People's Charter was not the only aim of Chartism, but to also create within the people a working class conscience. The Chartist movement ended in 1848 without the implementation of any of its six aims, which led to the belief by many that the Chartist movement was a failure. However, considering the fact that by 1928, five out the six aims had been introduced by the government have led historians to question to what extent and why the Chartist movement was really a failure. ...read more.

Middle

Chartism, therefore, "drew attention to social and economic evils and awakened public opinion to the need for improvement"8 Marx described the Chartist movement as a success as it united the people under a common class which focused on the social evils which society had placed upon them.9 He believed that Chartism was a "compact form of (proletarian) opposition to the bourgeoisie"10, thus he regarded the Chartist movement as a collective working class movement. The importance of Chartism, according to Marx was that it highlighted the importance of the working class conscience. The Chartist movement can be regarded as a crucial stage in the growth of political awareness in the working class as it "afforded the opportunity of an apprenticeship in political activity to working men, traditions handed down to a later generation assisting in the formation of the Independent Labour Party at the end of the century."11 The Chartist movement was used by the working classes as an example upon which future movements and organisations could be built upon. The Chartist movement taught the people the valuable and extensive knowledge of how to organise and carry out protests. S. J. Lee argues that the Chartist movement showed the working classes "how to avoid the repetition of basic mistakes."12 The failure of Chartism has been described by historians as a ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the failure or the success of Chartism can be determined by examining whether the Chartist movement was successful in achieving its aims. There were two main aims of Chartism which were, firstly, to implement the People's Charter and secondly, to induce within the working classes a sense of political awareness. In terms of achieving the implementation of the People's Charter, the evidence points to the Chartist movement being a success. Although in 1848, the chartist movement collapsed, the ideas and influences of Chartism remained and coupled with the fear of civil unrest led to many of the Chartist ideas being introduced in the Reform Acts of 1867 and 1884. Chartism was a success in instilling within the working classes a sense of class consciousness. The movement led the way as an example for future political organisation and movements. The Chartist movement opened the way for more working class people to understand the importance of political participation. Overall, Chartism failed as a movement but succeeded in inspiring future movements and organisations due to its ideas and influences. As J. West argues "Judged by its crop of statutes and statues, Chartism was a failure. Judged by its essential and generally overlooked purpose, Chartism was a success. It achieved not the Six points but a state of mind. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts essays

  1. "Fatally flawed from the inside" how valid is this argument against the Chartist movement?

    One of Chartism's greatest achievements is the fact that it raised political awareness among the working class, a feat that had previously gone untouched. A massive blunder that may have cost the Chartism its effectiveness is the forging of the Signatures on a petition sent to Parliament which supposedly contained

  2. Free essay

    How successful were two websites in two different countries in the promotion of the ...

    In my opinion, if the O2 website designer uses the Taiwanese and Japanese imode websites as references (see Figure 14, 15) it would make their website more humorous. It will be much more eye catching to shoppers. It was really hard to find out the age and the gender group

  1. Cuban National Ballet

    (Boccadoro 1998) Besides its intense activity, the Cuban Ballet Company has managed to socially project its art on a national level. It annually develops a program of international tours that takes into various countries in Europe, Asia and America (Cuban Journeys 2006).

  2. Hermeneutic Interpretation of Pan's Labyrinth

    As the film progresses, Ofelia also progresses with time. The thing that is interesting about her situation is that she keeps developing and maturing into an independent state but the elements that surround her like her imagination and her storybooks stay the same. Everyone urges her to stop wasting her time with her fantasies and imagination because she is

  1. Down by Law

    At the same time, Jim Jarmusch pays a lot of attention to interpersonal relations between people. In fact, it is even possible to estimate that the director attempts to underline the significance of interpersonal relationships, which can outweigh even the relationship between a man and the law.

  2. The Beginning of the German Women's Movement

    During the First World War (1914-1919) women started to appear more in the male sector due to the fact that many of the men were enlisting in the war. They participated in the labour market as doctors, teachers and factory workers.

  1. Antislavery, Humanity, and the Notion of Rights: Social Developments in Response to The Atlantic ...

    the primary causal factors in British antislavery."3 Schmidt also provides us with examples from the religious sector, as late as 1830, that show a social classification of slavery as immoral. This movement had its roots in Britain, and Schmidt tells us that, As for the religious base, popular sects like Methodism were crucial sources of anti-slavery sentiment and activism.

  2. To what extent was Mau Mau resistance against colonial

    I will therefore begin by giving a brief history of colonial Kenya, before embarking on an argument about the true motives of the Mau Mau. The History of Colonial Kenya The colonial period in Kenya really began in the closing years of the Nineteenth Century, as the British began to move into the area in large numbers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work