• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


A SHORT TERM-PAPER "Issues in Education" The Concept of DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE PRACTICES (D A P) Submitted by : GRACE LINDA C. TONELETE BEEd 1 - Earning Unit March 01, 1999 Submitted to : MISS ROSE ANGELI DEDUYO Education Instructress 2:15 - 3:15 p.m., MWF Introduction In my zest to find some "issues in Education" to make a short term-paper as one of the requirements for the semi-finals, I came across the concept of DAP. I was curious what this was all about & I was encouraged by its heading which says, "Myths About DAP". After some research, it seemed to me there was something familiar. I knew then that in my two-year stint as a toddler care giver I had somehow practiced this concept. But exposure of teaching strategies may be present but the applicability was limited to some degree. Teaching the traditional in some ways was still practiced. Problems The following questions were raised in my mind: 1) Is DAP an ideal concept or method of teaching? 2) Is it familiar to pre-school teachers? 3) and, is it being applied by the agencies of learning or are they really implementing it faithfully since some, if not all of the early childhood newly-opened schools are claiming that they're practicing personalized approach. Definition DAP is an acronym for Developmentally Appropriate Practice. For some reason several misconceptions about DAP have been generated as the trend toward using it has increased. ...read more.


Guidelines for DAP I. Curriculum A developmentally appropriate curriculum for young children is planned to be appropriate for the age span of the children within the group and is implemented with attention to the different needs, interests, and developmental levels of those individual children. II. Adult-Child Interaction The developmental appropriateness of an early childhood program is most apparent in the interactions between adults and children. Developmentally appropriate interactions are based on adults' knowledge and expectations of age-appropriate behavior in children balanced by adults' awareness of individual differences among children. III. Relations Between the Home and Program To achieve individually appropriate programs for young children, early childhood teachers must work in partnership with families and communicate regularly with children's parents. IV. Developmental Evaluation of Children Assessment of individual children's development and learning is essential for planning and implementing developmentally appropriate programs, but should be used with caution to prevent discrimination against individuals and to ensure accuracy. Accurate testing can only be achieved with reliable, valid instruments and such instruments developed for use with young children are extremely rare. In the absence of valid instruments, testing is not valuable. Therefore, assessment of young children should rely heavily on the results of observations of their development and descriptive data.(Spodek.Saracho) Misconceptions One unfortunate misconception about DAP is that those teachers who adopt it do not really teach, and therefore, DAP is for lazy practitioners. Not true. Teachers in developmentally appropriate classrooms are teaching constantly, in a more appropriate way for the ages of their students. ...read more.


Why do we need to change how we teach children?"; "Students today just want to be entertained. We have to get children ready to be students, to sit still and pay attention. Isn't it our responsibility to get kids ready to meet the challenges of the next grade?"; "How expensive will this approach be to implement?", etc. ([email protected]) School Programs should be tailored to meet the needs of children, rather than expecting children to adjust to the demands of a specific program. High quality, developmentally appropriate programs should be available to all children and their families. No public school program should deny access to children of legal entry age on the basis of lack of maturational "readiness". The educational system should adjust to the developmental needs & levels of the children it serves; children should not be expected to adapt to an inappropriate system. It is extremely important that early childhood teachers be familiar with various stages of child development if they are to be able to plan developmentally appropriate activities. The concept of DAP includes the components of active concrete learning, choices for children, and curriculum integration. And the teacher continues to plan and orchestrate learnings, but in an active way, for the children. It is the general consensus of early childhood experts today that DAP is the correct philosophy when teaching young children. DAP is a well-regarded method of teaching in the early childhood community and worth the effort it takes to change from a more traditional classroom model. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Secret Of Childhood

    During these sensitive periods child adjusts and adapts himself to his environment .According to Maria children from their personalities through interaction with the environment. This fact becomes clearer to us when we understand the sensitive period and its significance in a man's life.

  2. Case study on children behavior

    As Travis's comfort level rises, it should be encouraged for him to be a spokes person as well as manipulate increased challenges but be provided with increased positive reinforcement. Travis should be monitored to carefully ensure he does not dominate the discussion or distract other students.

  1. Literacy In After school Program

    Improved homework completion or quality (Johnson et al., 1999) ? Improved grades (Baker & Witt, 1996; Brooks, 1995; Cardenas, 1992; Hamilton & Klein, 1998) ? Higher scores on achievement tests (Hamilton & Klein, 1998; Hamilton et al.,1999; Huang, 2001; Huang et al., 2000; Johnson et al., 1999)

  2. Problem formulation - Background of the dissertation.

    Save the cost of carry out direct marketing. 3) The intermediary companies search for customers and negotiate. They know where and whom they should target. It will be easier to find out the factual situation than EBA set up an own office in China. 4) In China, the Chinese government has legislated to rule the foreign schools or colleges or universities doing recruitment in China.

  1. Nintendo market demand

    Nintendo has also studied the lifestyle of younger gamers and realized a need exists for sturdy design which can tolerate being tossed around and beaten up. To address the behaviors of its target market, Nintendo has designed handheld gaming systems which are consistently affordable and resilient.

  2. Supply chain practices of dell

    He believed that by selling PCs directly to the consumers, the company would be able to better understand the needs of its customers, Dell decided to produce PCs as per the orders it received and not to hold excess inventory or finished products.

  1. Self Evaluation As An Early Years Practitioner

    Having successfully achieved my set targets assigned in my action plan, I have decided to re-evaluate my skills and set some further targets to achieve. Working with child x and seeing him develop his confident and cheerful personality has been so rewarding for me that it has encouraged me to

  2. Changing faces of childhood

    Lawrence Stone (1977) proposes that with the awareness that behaviour depended on discipline, parents took their duty as disciplinarians more seriously. Diana Gittin (2009: 41) state that in the sixth century, with the rise of Puritanism, parents were exhorted by religious leaders to be severe with even the youngest of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work