• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19

Appraising enquiry and research techniques

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction The purpose of this assignment is to produce a detailed Research Enquiry Plan and a rationale that will indicate a focused area of inquiry. The research paradigms and methodologies and data collection methods will be discussed and a clear justification of which ones will be used for this research project will be given. A brief overview of the participants will be included. A timescale for the proposed research enquiry and deadlines will be provided. This will enable the writer to focus the research and have precise deadlines to stick to. Consideration to the ethical and legal issues for the research project will be discussed. A personal action plan will also be provided to show what skills the writer needs to carry out the research enquiry and how she will gain these skills. Rationale for the selection of the focused area of enquiry and what is the question to be addressed? Before the writer decided on the focused area that is going to researched several areas of interest were looked at. One area that was looked at was 'do children transfer the skills taught to them in small groups such as the Early Literacy Support Programme into their work within the classroom?' Another area was 'does being active at playtime improve children's behaviour?' and the final area was 'does using rewards, positive reinforcement reduce the incidents of challenging behaviour within the early years setting? Do children transfer the skills taught to them in small groups such as the Early Literacy Support Programme into their work within the classroom and does being active at playtimes improve children's behaviour were both considered and discarded for several reasons. One reason this particular research question was discarded was that the writer felt the timescale for the research would not be adequate enough to see significant results and as a result of this the validity of the research would be weak. ...read more.

Middle

Grounded theory is concerned with 'the discovery of theory from data' (Glaser and Strauss, 1967, cited in Walliman, 2004). Grounded theory usually starts with a research question and not a hypothesis. It generates theory from the data and because of this the theory is grounded in data (Punch, 1998, cited in Bell, J. 2005). Research should not be done by trying to find a particular answer to a question. The answer develops as the data is reflected on and reviewed. Grounded theory can be complex and time consuming so its uses to this research study are less than they would be to a major research project. The final approach to research is narrative inquiry and stories and is used with the interpretivist paradigm. Narrative inquiry and stories involves the collection and development of stories. Narrative inquiry can involve reflective autobiography, life story, or the inclusion of excerpts from participants' stories to illustrate a theme developed by the researcher. These are useful to the researcher who wants to portray intensely personal accounts of human experience (Gray, 1998, cited in Bell, J. 2005). Gray goes on to suggest that narrative inquiry and stories provide the researcher with measurable, valid data but this can be time consuming and difficult for researchers new to this approach. It requires the researcher to allow the storyteller to structure the conversation, with the researcher asking follow-up questions. Questionnaires, interviews, experiments and observations are data collection methods. These data collection methods are used to gather evidence for various methodologies. These will now be discussed briefly and state which methodology they link to. The first data collection method is Questionnaires. Questionnaires are a way of asking participants questions without actually talking to them. The questions are fixed, they do not change. The questions can be written for a specific purpose. Participants can complete questionnaires anonymously. Questionnaires can include closed questions or open questions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Improve research skills. Time management. Writing up notes. Keep everything together in one place instead of being scattered around the house. Spread work time for assignments equally so that one is not taking up more time than the other and all will be quality pieces of work. When writing assignments I am not always being critical and analytical. To use guidance and advice from lecturers and books. Use the library and resources around more effectively. Seeking help and guidance where necessary. Remove distractions e.g. telephone, T.V. not putting assignments off by doing something else. Do this as soon as possible after the observation takes place and not leave them for weeks then not be able to remember what you meant by your shortened notes. On going On going On going 13/03/06 - on going on going 03/04/06 - on going Reference List Books Bell, J., (2005), 4th Edition, Doing Your Research Project, A guide for first-time researchers in education, health and social science, Berkshire, Open University Press. Best, J.W. and Kahn, J.V., (1989), 6th Ed, Research In Education, New Jersey, Prentice Hall. Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K., (2003), 5th Edition, Research Methods in Education, London, Routledge Falmer. Collins, (2001), Concise Dictionary & Thesaurus, Glasgow, Harper Collins Publishers. Cottrell, S., (2003), 2nd Edition, The Study Skills Handbook, New York, Pelgrave Macmillan. Gillham, B., (2000), The Research Interview, London, Continuum. Hittleman, D.R., and Simon, A.J., (1992), Interpreting Educational Research, An Introduction for Consumers of Research, New York, Macmillan Publishing Company. Howard, K. and Sharpe, J.A., (1983), The Management of a Student Research Project, Aldershot, Gower. Macintyre, C., (2000), The Art of Action Research, London, David Fulton Publishers Ltd. MacLeod-Brundenell, I., (2004), Advanced Early Years Care and Education, for levels 4 and 5, Oxford, Heinemann Educational Publishers. Opie, C., (2004), Doing Educational Research, London, SAGE Publications Ltd. Verma, G.K. and Mallick, K., (1999), Researching Education Perspectives and Techniques, London, Falmer Press. Walliman, N., (2004), 2nd Ed, Your Research Project, A step by step guide for first time researchers, London, SAGE Publications. Websites http://www.infed.org/research/b-actres.htm. Accessed 30/04/2006. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Case study on children behavior

    his lack of motivation could have been a strong contributing factor to his low performance. In order to make a real judgment about this case, I would need to conduct more running record and anecdotal record observations, and speak with Travis's family members to make a thorough analysis.

  2. A critical evaluation of an aspect of the inclusive practices, evidenced in the case ...

    As an inexperienced teacher, there is little appreciation as to how long it may take to find all of the glue lids that pupils seem to always lose under the table, and such things. Hence I believe it is with experience that the student in the case study and myself could improve plenary planning with more realistic timing.

  1. In What Way Has Modern Day Living Contributed To Obesity In Young Children? As ...

    (Get Set). The literature surrounding obesity also includes identifying whether it is diet or physical exercise that has the highest impact on childhood obesity. It has been clearly identified that there are differing opinions surrounding this.

  2. The area I have chosen to cover for my Early years presentation is circletime. ...

    Teachers can use circletime as a way of delivering the citizenship curriculum and for teaching areas such as sharing and managing feelings. Examining the qualities of friendship could also be covered during this session. In the past this has often led to an improvement in children's overall development and Mosley

  1. This portfolio will help to illustrate and address how the current influences of play ...

    Parental/psychological reasons Traditionally children used to spend most of their leisure time playing outdoors fairly unsupervised in streets and in the local area provisions like parks. Yet nowadays, there is a far larger awareness and fear of child abuse. Yet statistics point out that the mainstream of this abuse is from people children know rather than strangers.

  2. Ingredients for Developing Ethical and Moral Character in Children

    Cloud and Townsend define ten boundary principles in their book, Boundaries with Kids: When to Say Yes, When to Say No, to Help Children Gain Control of Their Lives. These laws include: Sowing and Reaping, Responsibility, Power, Respect, Motivation, Evaluation, Proactivity, Envy, Activity, and Exposure (Cloud & Townsend, 1998).

  1. Leadership and Management in Early Years Education.

    The leader's role is that of conference leader, or chair, rather than that of decision taker. He or she will allow the decision to emerge out of the process of group discussion, instead of imposing it on the group as its boss (the Joining style).

  2. Write an essay assessing the advantages and disadvantages of structured observation as a method ...

    ? everything should be as simple as possible, but not simpler?, or Medwar (1981) speaks of ?logical immediacy? of a good hypotheses and concepts by which he means ?an explanation of whatever it is that needs to be explained and not an explanation of a great many other phenomena besides?? (Cohen et al, 2001, p15).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work