• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess sociological explanations of the impact of recent government policies on educational choice and standards in Britain

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess sociological explanations of the impact of recent government policies on educational choice and standards in Britain Recent government policies on education are the National Curriculum and The 1988 Education Reform Act. In this essay I am going to write about the Education Reform Act, including the national curriculum, marketisation, and within this league tables, how these new policies impact on educational choice and standards in Britain, and The New Right and Education (The Market), and vocational education. The 1988 Educational Reform Act introduced many changes which reduced local control of the education system- Based on free market principals. These include changes such as the The National curriculum, which is a range of compulsory subjects that must be studied by all pupils in Britain. It also includes National testing (SATs) at each National Curriculum Key Stage (age 7, 11, 14, 16) - aiming to raise and monitor standards. Sociologists, say that this could be a way of ensuring that everyone is at the same level, 'training the workforce'. Another recent government policy is the national 'league tables'. Schools and colleges are now required to publish tables of test (SATs) ...read more.

Middle

Since 1997, it has also inspected LEAs, and since 2000, further education colleges. This aimed to ensure schools, colleges and LEAs were doing a good job, by publishing their inspection reports and requiring action to be taken on any weaknesses identified by the inspectors. In April 1993, further education was made independent of LEAs, and many polytechnics became universities. These changes aimed to create a level playing field between post-16 educational institutions, and to encourage them to operate on the same market principals as schools, with competition between them for students and therefore funds. New Right approaches have usually started from the central idea that the only way to create an efficient system is through the 'mechanism' of the market. A market works through having consumers and sellers. If a seller does not produce what a consumer wants, when they want it, in the way they want it, that consumer can go elsewhere. Competition between sellers improves quality and efficiency. As education in Britain for the past 130 years has been predominantly a public service, the absence of any market mechanism has made it inefficient and ineffective. Applied to education, a market would force schools to compete with each other for 'consumers' (pupils/parents). ...read more.

Conclusion

Vocational Education in schools brings more 'schools-industry' links. Functionalists see vocational education as positive as it allows for skills provision. Marxists see vocational education as the bourgeoisie training the proletariats as workers- 'keeping them down'. Symbolic interactionalists see it as providing more choice and benefiting the individual. There has been a great impact of recent government policies on education, such as league tables making parents and pupils as more as consumers, and ensuring that the 'poorer' schools lack benefits or face closing down. It is more likely that a parent will choose a school/ college that has better results than that of a school/ college with bad results. This gives them choice as a consumer. There have been many recent government policies, therefore many sociological explanations of the impact of these, such as functionalists, Marxists and symbolic interactionalists all having different views on vocational education. To conclude this essay, I am just going to state that there are many different sociological explanations on the impact on recent government policies on education, all mostly agreeing on the fact that these recent changes are all in order to insure that the 'future workforce' is trained at the same standards. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Nintendo market demand

    Conversely, households of 1 or 2 persons (generally meaning those without children) strongly resist ownership. The Simmons data clearly underscore that the purchase and ownership of video games attached to televisions is driven by the household presence of children. The portable gaming market used to be all about the 8

  2. Explain and evaluate why fewer women take leadership, especially in educational system and the ...

    However, it is very difficult to change people's perspective which according to (Jacobs, 1994) "women and men have clearly specified role in society, with women performing the expressive roles (providing care for children and husband, etc) and men performing the instrumental roles (provide financial support for the family)".

  1. Scheme of Works

    Burns (1995, p99) 'conceives of learning as a relatively permanent change in behaviour with behaviour including both observable activity and internal processes such as thinking, attitudes and emotions.' It is clear that Burns includes motivation in this definition of learning. Burns considers that learning might not manifest itself in observable behaviour until some time after the educational program has taken place.

  2. car industry advertising

    It is covert under some nice pictures, some interesting situation or simple under words because they do not have only semantic meaning but also pragmatic one - meaning of the utterance depending on the context. Cook (2001) says that pragmatic is not an alternative meaning to semantic but it only depend upon pragmatic and change with the context.

  1. Dissertation in the Public Order Act 1936

    As aforementioned the objective of this work is to portray a more developed yet narrow portrait of the Public Order Act and the response that it engendered from the BUF and its members. To that point the contentious Marxist context of the term 'public order' will be ignored because in

  2. Issues, Policies and Values

    The data also gives an insight into the increasing numbers of learners disclosing a disability or learning difficulty and this in addition to regular disability equality monitoring through student records, ensure that actions can be made for change.

  1. Understanding educational support

    It additionally required local authorities to introduce a Record of Needs outlining a child's special educational needs and the provision allocated with a view of providing an adequate and appropriate curriculum. The law also enlisted a need to review future needs, appointment of a Named Person and the right to appeal for parents.

  2. IDENTIFY 3 RECENT REFORMS/POLICIES IN EDUCATION FROM 1988 ONWARDS.

    combined, to create a unified qualification taken by all students the General Certificate of Secondary Education, or GCSE. Later, this examination was broken into stages. A series of vocational qualifications were introduced to complement this new academic certificate including the NVQ and GNVQ.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work