• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the different types of education that existed prior to 1870 and explain why reforms developed so rapidly after this time.

Extracts from this document...


Describe the different types of education that existed prior to 1870 and explain why reforms developed so rapidly after this time. Education in the early nineteenth century was a privilege that only the upper classes were able to access. Basic education was provided to hardly any through legitimate means. It was an unfortunate outbreak of fever in1795 that led to one of the first developments of education. The Health and Morals Apprentices Act was passed in 1802 through the pressure of Sir Robert Peel, a member of the committee of health in Manchester. This Act forced factory owners to provide sufficient guidance in the three R's during the first few years of a child's apprenticeship. This act was later to be found ineffective due to the impracticality of enforcing the factory owners to do so. It was not until 1833 that the House of Commons passed a grant related to the building of educational buildings and maintenance; offering twenty thousand pounds per year to specific religious societies. In 1839 this sum was raised to thirty thousand pounds. This proved to be successful, but was on too much of a small scale. If Britain was going to continue to stride ahead in the industrial revolution, more money needed to be allocated towards education, there was certainly enough. ...read more.


Upper and middle class girls did not look for careers. Up until the 1830s education within the home was still the norm for boys. At a time when many children went out to work at the age of five, early education was still a family matter. Schools in the workhouses additionally supplied one of the early forms of education. They aimed to give pauper children the opportunity to escape from the poverty of their parents. But the number of schools was never large. 'In 1860, for example there were only six, catering for about one in every thirteen indoor pauper children'. (Driver, 1993, p97) Dame schools were available in the early nineteenth century. Women ran these for small fees often in unhygienic lodgings. Children were supposed to be taught, but often this type of school only provided a poor quality child-minding service for working mothers. Self- help furthermore encouraged education of the working classes through self-education. It reduced the middle class fears that the working class men were estrangement. The middle classes who sponsored it therefore supported the idea of self-education. It was another way of communicating middle class beliefs. This adult education established that the working classes did want to improve the quality of their lives, they were using education a lever to better their social position within society. ...read more.


The Act was designed to discourage all originality, and produce obedience and passivity. Vast classes, drill methods and severe discipline achieved the above. These attitudes were regarded as appropriate to the working class children. They were later reinforced through the new social agencies. On the whole it was the concern from the middle classes that convinced the state of the need for the Educational Act of 1870 to be enforced. The concern towards the disciplining of the working classes, education was seen as a form of regulation, rather than to educate the individual. People were to be educated to 'know their place'. It was thought that the working class were breeding an inferior race. This was becoming of disturbance to the higher classes; the fertility rate was in decline, leading to a fall in the population size. It was now up to the working classes to provide a fit and healthy race; Britain needed this to compete in the battle of industrialisation. It was Britain's achievement in the involvement of industrialisation that could now provide the capital for the state to be able to take over the educational system. In conclusion education prior to the Education Act of 1870, was mainly aimed towards the middle to upper classes that could afford to pay. Only the basic minimum was provided for the working classes and that was mainly through the church. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Human Resource Management - Need of the Time

    Punyam is having its office in Vapi for clients located near Vapi areas as well as Mumbai. At present Punyam is taking 9 new clients per month and completing their work within 3 months. After every 3 days average 1 client of Punyam is getting ISO: 9001, ISO: 14001, HACCP, CE Mark or any other certificate.

  2. Explain why the most successful achievers in the education system are white, middle and ...

    the GCSE and girls also still out stripping boys in almost every subject. Over 62% of girls bagged top grades compared to just over 53% of boy This new pattern of access and achievement has also been the result of boys' failure to improve their performance at the same rate of girls, from very young ages.

  1. Free essay

    Citizenship Education

    Some individuals will not care about it one way or the other, while others will have decidedly strong views on the subject. A subject such as religion is one such educational hot potato. Jennie Lindon (1999, p.100) states that a 1991 circular from the Department for Education stated that religious education (RE)

  2. Look at the main Education reforms throughout the 20th Century in terms of their ...

    learning for their own sake * An uncanny insight into intricacies of mechanism * Deal more easily with concrete things rather than ideas There was also a lack of resources and school buildings. The Norwood report issued that instead of common secondary schools there would instead be selective grammar schools

  1. Sexuality education is the lifelong process of building a strong foundation for sexual health

    it means to be gay.6 * In addition, among respondents in that study whose children were between the ages of 12 and 15, 49% discussed how to know when he/she is ready to have a sexual relationship, 54% discussed how to handle pressure to have sex, and 32% discussed what

  2. The Development of Elementary Education: 1833-1914

    Britain was convinced that the national economy needed a better-educated workforce as they found the education system in European countries and the United States to be more successful. Providing ample education in the hope that it would serve as an agency of social control was a motivation.

  1. Schools as Organisations. Summarise entitlement and provision for early years education.

    families play a fundamental role in helping children achieve their full potential in education by supporting them in their learning and developing within their own homes. By working together with the child?s school parents can create a learning environment to help reinforce lessons that are learned at school.

  2. Leadership and Management in Early Years Education.

    The separateness of their role caused them tension, especially as they were working to be responsive and nurturing at the same time as having to be an authority figure. The author concludes by recommending ways to improve the preparation of ?child care administrators?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work