• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain, as concisely as possible, five or six main differences between communicative and more traditional approaches to language teaching and learning.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain, as concisely as possible, five or six main differences between communicative and more traditional approaches to language teaching and learning. Introduction English language teaching has undergone a tremendous change throughout its history, especially during the twentieth century. This has been partly due to the recognition of changes in the kind of proficiency learners need, such as a rise of oral proficiency focus as opposed to reading comprehension, along with a change in the nature of language learning. Communicative Language Teaching, the latest of all approaches and methods we shall be dealing with in this essay, has largely resulted from the need for communication; it focuses on the teaching of this aspect of language through actual communication and not merely the theory of it. This is what distinguishes it from the rest of the approaches. Let's look at this differentiation in more detail, though. C.L.T The Communicative Approach's origins are to be found in Britain in the late 1960s, although it started to develop more prominently in the 1970s. Its main learning theory is that language is used for communication, so the aim has been to develop procedures for the teaching of all the four skills, focusing on real-life situations which encourage interaction, Therefore, meaningful and authentic tasks are considered to support the process of learning and thus, form a significant part of the syllabus of this methodology. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, much emphasis is given to grammar rules, which, unlike C.L.T., are taught deductively; that is, their presentation and analysis come first and are then followed by drilling. The Communicative Approach, on the other hand, favours the inductive method in the teaching of grammar, where the rules of new structures are induced from the way the form is used in a situation. In addition, in Grammar-Translation Method the medium of instruction inside the classroom is almost always L1, which comes in total contrast with the Communicative Approach, where L1 is not at all encouraged. Finally, accuracy is emphasised, as opposed to fluency; students are expected to attain high standards in translation, which leaves no room for grammatical or vocabulary mistakes. The Direct Method The Direct Method originated in France in 1801. It is based on the theory that second-language learning must resemble first-language learning (natural approach). It shares a common characteristic with C.L.T. in that it focuses on the speaking skills of a language. However, there are distinct differences between the two. First of all, the Direct Method does not promote the student's role as a negotiator and improviser like C.L.T. does, rather, it is believed that learners should see the teacher as ideal language model and commander of classroom activity; thus, the notion of 'communicative competence' as developed by Hymes is not implemented. ...read more.

Conclusion

It states that language learning is a process of mechanical habit acquisition, which can be achieved repeating and memorising dialogues and grammatical structures. Phonological and grammatical accuracy, as opposed to vocabulary mastery, is regarded as crucial. Consequently, no focus is given on fluency and authentic production of language. As the American linguist Noam Chomsky argued 'sentences are not learned by imitation and repetition but ''generated'' from the learner's underlying competence.'(Chomsky, 1966). The above quotation perfectly illustrates the basic difference between the two approaches, the second of which came to emerge as a reaction to the first. What is more, here L1 plays an important role, since the syllabus has been determined upon its differences with L2. There is a contrastive analysis performed between the two, which is in contrast with the C.L.T., where L2 is seen as a distinct, independent language with its own autonomous rules and formations. Conclusion To sum up, what we have come to see is that Communicative Language Teaching emphasises interaction as not only the means but the ultimate goal of language learning as well, more than any other approach dealt with in this essay. Without doubt, there are methods with which it shares more common characteristics than others, however, the communicative element and the extent to which this is stressed is what distinguishes this approach from the rest. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. The Winter Oak - How does Anna Vasilevna change by the end of the ...

    Anna Vasilevna clearly still has her mind on the grammar lesson of that morning as she corrects Savushkin in his explanation of his route to school; "Not straighting, straight," this shows the reader that even though she has begun to change, she still maintains some of her adult qualities.

  2. Supply chain practices of dell

    To minimize the delay between purchase and delivery, Dell adopted a general policy of manufacturing its products close to its customers. This also allows for implementing a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing approach, which minimizes inventory costs. Low inventory is another signature of the Dell business model - a critical consideration in an industry where components depreciate very rapidly.

  1. Semiotics & Semantics of Music: Is it possible to create or experience sensations from ...

    of the flute, these would have very quickly acquired emotional meaning associated with the art being viewed. "Since the act of drawing sharpens the perceptions of the artist, by making him pay detailed attention to the forms he is trying to depict, the Palaeolithic painter did in reality learn to

  2. Free essay

    Ecological Approaches to Outdoor and Environmental Education

    This learning would lead to wider understanding in the society of the importance and value of water. The environment would obviously benefit also. As a teacher, I would explore all aspects of this learning; bring the learning from the classroom, apply practical knowledge, encourage a tacit understanding of the topic and thus allow for less superficial learning (Orr, 1992).

  1. e learning verses traditional learning

    E-learning had other advantages too. The same information could be shared in exactly the same way with lots of learners, eliminating differences between teachers. Students could explore models and simulations safely (and cheaply) in virtual worlds without fear of failure, and learners with special needs were able to use the

  2. Communication and language skills

    This theory is especially associated with B.F.Skinner (1957) who regards language as similar to other kinds of human behaviour. 'The development and use of communication and language is at the heart of young children's learning. The ability to communicate gives children the capacity to participate more fully in their society'.

  1. Compare and Contrast: Online Learning Vs. Traditional Classroom Learning

    Online students must communicate with instructors via email or by utilizing the message board located on the student portal. This type of learning is not the right choice for everyone as some need individual instruction. Some argue that online students are ?teaching? themselves, as there is no verbal instruction from an instructor.

  2. Research Proposal into English Language Teaching Methods. CA in the colleges of Bangladesh ...

    Here, the question lies that whether the approach that developed in a very different context?western context, can be applied the context of Bangladesh. Although CA was introduced as an approach of teaching English widely in Bangladesh, there is not much work on it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work