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How does management affect the management of private schools in Abuja,Nigeria?

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´╗┐HOW DOES LEADERSHIP AFFECT THE MANAGEMENT OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN ABUJA. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter one????????????????4 Chapter two????????????????6 Chapter three???????????????.10 Chapter four????????????????16 Reference?????????????????19 Appendix?????????????????.21 CHAPTER ONE Introduction Scope and Aim of Research. Methodology Implication of study. CHAPTER TWO 2.1 Literature Review. 2.2 Leadership styles. 2.3 Leadership approaches. CHAPTER THREE 3.1 Abuja-Geographical Location 3.2 Abuja and Education. 3.3 Survey Discussion. CHAPTER FOUR 4.1 The contribution of private schools to Abuja. 4.2 Factors against the establishment of private schools in Abuja. 4.3 Conclusion. CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION In Nigeria, private schools are accepted by the education department to be better than government schools(United states Diplomatic mission to Nigeria :2009),this is due to the fact that they have higher school fees, higher academic standards with better grades, and go the "extra mile" in academic and extracurricular activities. This however is far from the truth as proprietors (tress) to attain this high standard put in their time and energy and devise strategic leadership plans. Every society has some system of dominant organization which is government, in its various forms whom commands attention, respect and the resources of the society.They therefore have the powers to introduce reforms by example of leadership not to mention check and balances through compulsory school inspections by the Education Secretariat. Although it is impossible to have a perfect leader (D?souza: 1999), there is need for an effective leader to steer any organisation towards change and improvement. In this project there is an attempt to investigate the transformational and the transactional models for leadership even though writers such as Bass(1985) are of the opinion that most leaders displace both transformational and transactional leadership characteristics but the differentiation is in the frequency in which either it is applied under work conditions. A private school for the purpose of this project, is defined to be any educational institution not owned by the government, it could be owned by a single individual, a group of individuals or religious organisations and is ...read more.


Access into the federal capital territory is by land via motorcycles, cars and buses and by air via the Nnamdi Azikiwe international wing and local wing airport. These are the only established means of transportation. 3.2 ABUJA AND EDUCATION. The British colonised Nigeria till 1960 and left behind Language, religion, trade, and formal education as we previously had a traditional system of education which consisted mainly of storytelling but by 1976 few private schools emerged into existence and became part of the universal primary education (UPI) who sought to provide education for all with no assistance from the government which is still the case till date. In Abuja today there are now over 300 schools and all decisions taken here affect the other 36 states in the country and have a governing body known as the National association of private school owners (NAPS). Abuja is home to people of different cultures and nationalities, as the capital with headquarters of companies,financial houses and international bodies for instance, British council, central bank of Nigeria, embassies of various countries of the world and Ecowas(The economic community of west African states). therefore international expatriates and indigenes from other states come to settle here for work and others the idea of brighter opportunities, these group all have educational needs on the other hand, it is a capitalist society where the means of production is not evenly distributed as a result the majority of people who can afford to send their children to private schools are the middle class and the rich,Melah 2007 writing for the elendure report explains this further by demonstrating with verifiable facts and figures the exorbitant fees of most of these schools which the average man would be unable to afford. Due to the above factors amongst others the education secretariat was created in 2004 to serve as some form of control for both private and public schools.It is one of the seven mandate secretariats of the federal capital territory administration and was created in 2004 ...read more.


Leadership: Trilogy on leadership and effective management.(3rd ed.).Kenya: Pauline?s publication Africa. Duke,D(1987)school leadership and instructional improvement. New York: Random house . Eden,D.(1998),The paradox of school leadership,Journal of Educational Administration,36/ 3,249-61. Fayol,H(1984) General and industrial management.Great Britain:Pitman. Federal capital territory administration(2009) [Online].Available from :http:/fct.gov.ng/fcta/index.php?option=_content&task=view&id=45&itemid=87.[Acessed 26th January 2009]. Hopkins,D.(2003)Instructional leadership and school improvement .In H. alma Effective leadership for school improvement.London:Routledge,55-60. Lawrence,P.R. and Lorch,J.W.(1986)Organization and enviroment: Managing differentiation and integration.Boston:Harvard business school. Leithwood,K .and Jandzi,D.(1990)Transformational leadership: How principals can help reform school cultures,school effectiveness and school improvement,1(4),249-280. Melah, B. (2007) how private schools rip off parents.[online]. Available from:http://elendure reports.com/index.php?options=com_content& task[Accessed 4th march 2010]. Mullins,L.J.(2007)Management and organizational behaviour(8th ed.).Harlow:Pearson Education Ltd. Nigeria exchange(2006)Federal capital territory Abuja[online].Available from:http://www.ngex.com/Nigeria/places/states/Abuja.htm.[Accessed 2nd April 2010]. Pugh,D.S.(1990)Organisational Theory:Selected Readings(3rd ed.). Harmandsworth:Penguin. Rudell,L.(2008).Transformational Leadership as an effective classroom leadership model for business ethics instruction.Academy of educational Leadership journal,12(2). Sapsford,R .and Abbott,P.(1996) Ethics,politics and research.London:Sage. Simon,H.A.(1976) Administrative behaviour:A study of decision making processes in administrative organisation.(3rd ed.).New York:Free press. Stogdill,R.M. (1974)Handbook of leadership: A survey of theory and research.Newyork:The free press. Walter,K.E.(2004)Sustainable school improvement.Leaning point associates,sponsored under government contract no 01.co.0011 for the north central region Education Laboratory. APPENDIX ACADEMIC SURVEY ON EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP (PLEASE TICK YOUR OPINION). 1. Do you receive funds and/or grants from government? A. Yes. B. No. 2. Do you delegate most of your work? A. Yes. B. No. 3. Do you go to school at least three times a week? A. Yes. B. No. 4. What is your leadership approach? A. Transformational (characterised by motivation and change). B.Transformational (characterised by Reward). C.Contingency (A combination transactional and Transformational). 5. Does leadership affect the management of private schools? A. Yes. B.No. 6a.If yes how does leadership affect the management of private schools? 6b.If no why does leadership not affect the management of private schools? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Thank you for taking out time to answer this questionnaire. The Information above is to be published with the kind permission of the respondent in my INTO Newcastle University project April 2010.Newcastle upon tyne.United Kingdom. ...read more.

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