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Leadership and Management in Early Years Education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Leadership and Management assignment An effective leader is critically important to motivate the team and provide authority. A leader will also provide strategic drive and vision along with breadth of vision to ensure that all aspects of interagency teamwork are delivered. Leaders with graduate level qualifications make a difference: ?...the evidence that demonstrates that having a trained teacher as a leader/manager and a good proportion of trained teachers on staff are key indicators of quality.? (ELEYS, 2006) pedagogy? Intensive support to managers pays off: ?Providing leadership and management training and intensive mentoring that supported the accreditation process led to significant improvements in quality (Eisenberg and Rafanello, 1998).? (cited in Mooney, The Effectiveness of Quality Improvement Programmes for Early Childhood Education and Childcare, NCB, 2007) leadership definition is reported in the literature to be problematic (Osgood, 2004; Rodd, 2005) in terms of leadership in the early years due to the diversity of this workforce making a particularly complex field. The early years workforce comprises a wide range of personnel, each with different experience, training and qualifications as Solly (2003) highlights the number of young and inexperienced staff working in the sector and emphasises that the specific leadership context is multi-professional and primarily female. Additionally there is a serious lack of leadership training for early childhood managers: it is likely that many are significantly under-prepared for this role. Research based on and drawing from the work of early childhood practitioners suggests that too often positions of leadership in early childhood settings tend to be held by ?accidental leaders? with minimal training to carry out their responsibilities (Ebbeck and Waniganayake, 2003; Rodd, 2005). Ebbeck and Waniganayake call for clear definitions of roles and lines of responsibility, and in turn explore ways in which obstacles to effective leadership and management can be identified and overcome. Leadership and Gender in the Early Years Leadership in early years services very often (though not exclusively) ...read more.

Middle

(Sylva et al). All of the case study settings in this study were found to have sound leadership, good communications, and shared and consistent ways of working amongst the staff. Where parents became involved in educational leadership and worked with children?s learning at home, child outcomes were strong. The EPPE Project found a strong relationship between the qualifications of the centre manager and quality of service provision in early childhood settings. Whalley, M (2002), Early years leaders involving parents in their children?s learning, Creative Waves. Discussion Paper on Future Schools, National College for School Leadership, presented at BERA, 2002 It is crucial for leaders and staff to be reflective and willing to develop their own practice. Improved co-operation of early childhood professionals with parents as part of that will mean a big step forward for children?s learning and development. Whalley, M, Whitaker, P, Wyles, G, and Harris, P (2005), An Enquiry into the Impact of a Leadership Development Programme on Leaders of Integrated Early Years Centres, Derby: Pen Green Pen Green Research Centre, under the leadership of Margy Whalley, developed a Leadership Programme. This study investigates the effects that the programme had on those integrated centre leaders who took part. Further, the study sought to establish the impact of their learning on the centres they lead. Good partnership working creates an experience for families that feels seamless, with tailored support based around their needs. Children?s centres adopt different approaches to ensure that every part of the community, regardless of ethnicity or faith feels that they can really help them. Consultation with local communities is an essential ongoing activity to ensure that services reflect the needs of all fathers and mothers, and are improving continuously. Centres should involve parents actively in the design and delivery of services as an effective way to: Build stronger partnerships with the local community Develop their confidence and skills Increase the community?s capacity to improve local outcomes and quality of life. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Rodd, leadership roles in early childhood services to be diverse Having a relationship orientation to leadership appeared to include the following characteristics and behaviours: In relation to the task aspect of leadership, the following qualities and skills were perceived to be important: Rodd, J (1997) 'Learning to be Leaders: Perceptions of Early Childhood Professionals about Leadership Roles and Responsibilities', Early Years, 18: 1, 40 ? 44 Within leadership Mabey and Thomson (2000) picked out motivation and teamwork followed by strategic vision and delivering results. It is unclear which of all these skills have been shown to link with performance, and which just seem sensible ideas. Mabey, C and Thomson, A (2000). Achieving Management Excellence: A survey of UK Management Development at the Millennium. Institute of Management. Keep E and Westwood A (2003). Can the UK learn to manage? The Work Foundation. Boyatzis R (1993). Beyond Competence: the choice to be a leader. Human Resource Management Review. Vol 3, No 1, pp 1-14. Stogdill, R.M. (1974) Handbook of leadership: A survey of theory and research New York, Free Press Bentz, V.J (1990). Contextual issues in predicting high-level leadership performance in K.E. Clark and M.B. Clark (eds) Measure of Leadership pp 131 ?143 West Orange, NJ, Leadership Library of America. Drath, W.H. and Palus, C.J. (1994). Making common sense: Leadership as meaning-making in a community of practice Greensboro, NC, Centre for Creative Leadership. Horner, M. (1997). Leadership theory: past, present and future. Team Performance Management 3(4): 270 Burgoyne,J., Hirsh, W.& Williams, S. (2004) The Development of Management and Leadership Capability and its Contribution to Performance:The evidence, the prospects and the research need, DfES. All above refs taken from Burgoyne There is widespread belief that training will help to develop and improve leadership within early years. Trait theories show that there are significant connections between personality traits and successful leadership (Stogdill 1974, Bentz 1990). As personality traits are stable over long periods of time, this suggests that innate personality traits are an important part of leadership capability. ...read more.

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