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Learning Theories - The theories of learning through the models behaviourally, cognitively and humanistically can all be interrelated and used in a classroom setting to teach a full array of learners. Knowing what type of learner a student is can help the

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Introduction

Learning Theories When planning a lesson plan based on the principles of the Behavioural Theory of Learning, the teacher needs to consider that the student must be able to actively respond to the lesson with physical or emotional stimulus. Giving the child the chance to behave and change so that their learning can be evaluated. Ways this can be implemented are through practices, hands on learning, and tangible rewards. In the Theory of Behavioural learning, learning is facilitated through the focus of stimuli and responses. Behaviour change is how one learns with this theory. It is believed through this theory that everyone is born a blank slate, and as one is introduced to things, one learns. This is largely a result of environmental factors (Pritchard, 2008). The teacher's role in this learning process is to make sure the student has lots of manipulative sources to work with. The teacher should provide lots of stimuli when teaching students. Providing a lot of experimental and trial and error type of activities rather than step-by-step instructions; this can help the student learn in a behavioural way. All of the below answers are positive reinforcements, and help to motivate the student's behaviour in a positive way, encouraging them to take chances and to try whether or not they may be answering correctly: 1. ...read more.

Middle

The teacher should let the child be involved in their learning through mental associations (Schunk, 2011). A student's role in learning using this theory is to have the willingness to take control of their learning. They need to approach learning in an organizational way, and may implement many mind tricks such as association. Social interaction plays a fundamental role in the process of cognitive learning. Every student working in a social setting needs to be able to contribute his/her insight in order to learn cognitively. An example of cognitive learning would be through a collaborative lesson plan where each student has a role and works together on a final outcome. Since consequences of behaviour play a role in learning cognitively, computer games and resources are a good way for a student to learn cognitively. A student who works on a computer based program or game gains rewards or consequences based on his/her abilities or answers to specific lessons. The student can self-correct and learn in a cognitive way. Whereas Humanistis theory in learning involves observing others to learn. Mimicking and modelling are a big part of this learning theory; so there is a desire to learn. ...read more.

Conclusion

There, students can closely observe the behaviour of peers and evaluate their own progress. A teacher could also let the students brainstorm and discuss how they think they would best learn multiplication as a class (Huitt, 2001). One way this can be used in the classroom is by making students the teacher's colleague instead of students. Working together with students, respecting them and using trial and error with them in a respectful way can help them appreciate math more. For example, the goal is to learn multiplication tables. Present the question, "how do we get the answer 125 X 6?" Work out part of the problem in front of the students, maybe even do it wrong intentionally. Ask the students if this is the way it's done. Is this the right answer? Wait for responses. Have a student guide you through the problem verbally first then have them show you. These collaborative and humanistic approaches show the class that there are ways to solve problems respectfully and without shame. The theories of learning through the models behaviourally, cognitively and humanistically can all be interrelated and used in a classroom setting to teach a full array of learners. Knowing what type of learner a student is can help the teacher plan their lesson according to how a student learns best. ...read more.

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