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Maslow's theory has important implications for teachers. He suggests that whose deficiency needs have not been met cannot be able to realize the need to know and understand. For example, children who come to school without breakfast, insufficient sleep

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  • Essay length: 6963 words
  • Submitted: 20/06/2006
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University Degree Teaching

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MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

EDS 544

THEORIES OF INSTRUCTION

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY AND INSTRUCTIONAL THEORY

Submitted to

Prof. Dr. Meral AKSU

Submitted by

Esma EMMIOGLU & Harun KATANALP

Ankara, 2005

HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY

Humanistic psychology tries to understand the behavior from the point of view of the behavior rather than of the observer. Unlike behaviorist humanistic psychologist believe that humans are not solely the products of their environment. Rather humanistic psychologist study human meanings, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching and learning. They emphasize characteristics that are shared by all human beings such as love, grief, caring and self-worth.

Behaviorists viewed self as being too "internal" and hence too unobservable to be of much value and psychoanalytic thinkers considered it to be too conscious and hence too subject to distortion to be believed. Since the 1950s however, the idea of the self as the central core of the person has emerged as a kind of unifying principle of personality for psychologist and educators (Hamacheck, 1987).

The self occupies a central seat of importance in humanistic psychology because it underscores the

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