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Montessori Philosophy and Theory

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Introduction

Montessori Philosophy and Theory. Section 1 - Essay Questions QUESTION C: "The First essential for the child's development is concentration. It lays the whole basis for his character and social behaviour. He must find out how to concentrate, and for this he needs things to concentrate upon ... ... ..." (Dr. Montessori, The Absorbent Mind, chapter 22) Discuss how the Montessori education helps to develop a child's concentration and helps the child in his social development. '... ... it is the child who makes the man, and no man exists who was not made by the child who he once was... ... ... It is the baby who produces the man'... ... ...It is the child who absorbs material from the world about him; he who moulds it into the man of the future". (The Absorbent Mind) It's the child who discovers him/her self and creates the adult he/she is to become. This is only achieved through the life experiences a child goes through. Those experiences are evolved from various elements like the child's intelligence, unconscious will, freedom, and use of senses, etc, all of which require Concentration and potentiality for Self-Construction. Maria Montessori discovered the new educational system; mainly through observing children, she found that the aim of the child's work is different from the adult. ...read more.

Middle

As the child becomes mature, the relationship shared between the 'child' and the 'environment' is developing, through activity the child is involved in school or at home. For optimal development, each successive educational environment would have to meet the needs of the growing individual at every stage. Maria Montessori pointed out the great value of an environment prepared by the adult, specially adapted to the needs of the young children. A classroom, which is designed to favour the child's Concentration and Social development - the materials are child sized and geared to their needs (give a sense of ownership and responsibility), the equipment is laid out in an orderly fashion on low shelves that are easily accessible for the children. This helps the children towards independence; free to choose their own activity rather than served by others, (Concept of Freedom). But most importantly, it depends on the things (material) provided for the children's use, the child needs tangible things (example using cutting knife for fruits and vegetables) will give opportunity to the child to be into the Real environment, (Reality and Nature). Through prolonged experimentation with children Maria Montessori and her colleague were able to choose those things liked by all children and these were universally regarded as essential. ...read more.

Conclusion

(The Absorbent Mind) Furthermore, Child will concentrate and repeat the same activity over and over again; repetition seems to be an integral part of the child's work. Thus the child's activity becomes prolonged, and is called 'extension of the work cycle', example; polishing the mirror, child will clean again and again, even though it is already shining or using tweezers for holding tiny objects etc. This activity of Practical life not only give the child the opportunity to practice the skills of everyday life but also helps to improve Concentration and Social grace and courtesy (example; asking for something saying 'Please', apologizing and excusing one self) Children between the ages of 21/2 and 6 are grouped together in their own mini society. The young children learn from watching the older children and the older ones benefits by helping the younger children. This mixed age group foster self-discipline, independence, and responsibility towards the environment and the other members of the society. It is clear that a child needs 'Prepared Environment' that develops him/her towards 'normalization'. However 'Concentration' is the first essential element and in future it provides the fundamental Characteristics and Social Behaviour of the child. At the development stages, the adult must ensure to guide and provide the appropriate 'environment' to the child that stimulates Concentration and structure the child's Personality to the world of human beings. ...read more.

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