• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and evaluate the process of Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy As factors in the under achievement of Some pupils in school.

Extracts from this document...


Outline and evaluate the process of Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy As factors in the under achievement of Some pupils in school. Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecies are main factors in the educational system and therefore have a profound effect on the individuals self-concept and behaviour. Throughout I will outline and examine some socialists arguments. Labels can be applied to individuals from people who have a position of authority, I.E. Teachers, parents, etc...Teachers have been a prevalent force of labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy throughout the centuries, they generally come from a middle class background and the identify more with the middle class student. Their judgements against pupils are influenced by factors other than ability to achieve but issues arising from speech, dress and social background. One socialist, Talcott Parsons argued that schools take over from the family as a primary source of socialisation. He believed that the schools were meritocracy regardless of class, those who had ability would achieve in school and later progress in adult life, whereas those without ability would do less and have a more menial level of achievement. ...read more.


This is known as the concept of labelling theory and self-fulfilling prophecy. Rosenthal and Jacobson performed an experiment where they selected 20 students at random to take an I.Q. test and told their teachers that they could expect to show significant intellectual development, a year later the same students were re-tested and their theory was proved. Rosenthal and Jacobson concluded that this was a result of not only intellectual development but the children were labelled in such in a way the teachers would have high expectations of them, which they believed and here a self-fulfilling prophecy took place. Rosenthal and Jacobson indicated that children classified as being of higher ability, performed better throughout their academic years. This suggesting that because of labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy used by teachers meant the working class children had a distinctive throughout their academic years. Streaming is another problem still found in schools, this system is used to separate children into different groups according to their predicted ability. Comprehensive schools continue to use the streaming /banding system and this has been shown to be an unfair system and harmful to the self esteem and educational performance of the bottom stream pupils. ...read more.


The implications again were clear when we think about the consequences for future achievement of each group. According to Hargreaves the assumptions made and conclusions drawn by the teachers will in the long run pay affect to the children. He noted that once the labelling process was defined that two things happened: * Firstly, the teacher used the pupil category as a reference point to interpret the child's behaviour. * Secondly, because pupils needed to refer to the behaviour of others towards them so they know how successful/unsuccessful they are. The child relies on the teacher to provide for them a self-concept to let the child know how good or badly they are playing their role of labelling. Hargreaves study indicates much of the same as Becker observed 30 years earlier. As we can see Labelling and self-fulfilling prophecy has go on through education throughout the centuries and through the studies and perspectives we have considered, it is undoubtedly the case that class division does exist within education, and even functionalists would not disagree that schools serve to reinforce such inequalities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. My Ideal School.

    its not too horrible for the pupils to concentrate on their work properly). They would also be able to play background music (but Classic FM would be banned).

  2. Understanding Children(TM)s Behaviour

    According to Kamen (2003): The Special Educational Needs Code of Practice 2001 replaces the 1994 Code of Practice on the Identification and

  1. Problem formulation - Background of the dissertation.

    During the marketing economist course you study compulsory, elective and speciality subjects. Compulsory subjects are basic business in international marketing, economics, law, organization, art, culture and design, and communication, and are taught in both English and Danish. Elective subjects allow you to reach a higher level in languages, market communication, statistics or business economics.

  2. Write an account of the main factors which affect pupils learning

    He termed these concepts, or mental constructs schemas. Schemas are the means a child makes sense of systematized information about the world. The simplest of schemas of a young child is acquired through his immediate sense. Any new experience is assimilated into the existing schema and will become part of the child's thinking by the restructuring of that schema.

  1. Parent Involvement in Schools' Curriculum Decision making Process to Ensure Children's Academic Achievement.

    free market system of education where parents, not the government was responsible for choosing the education that they wanted for their children. Because of the free market system there was competition for children by schools and as such (Chavkin, 1993) provides that schools were of high quality and low cost.

  2. This study sets out to investigate the evolving educational role of the academic librarian ...

    It also raises the question of whether or not librarians should be members of educational associations such as SEDA and the HEA, or only of IL bodies, or both. In the current HE environment, where librarians are having an increasingly educational role in universities, it seems feasible that they should

  1. Health promoting school

    as they felt they were choosing what to eat rather than being forced into eating a healthy meal. Every meal was severed with fresh fruit and some sort of vegetable which was an extremely well thought out plan. At high schools the plan did not appear to be as successful as primary schools.

  2. Raising achievement within Mathematics

    Nevertheless, regardless of class size there was always the premise that every student is an individual and therefore needs individual attention. As a result both schools, in particular my second school placement, had an open staff room door policy, so long as a pupil is not disturbing a scheduled class

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work