• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychology Assessment: Term Paper on The Learning Perspective- It's History and its contributions in Education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sanam Peshiman Grade 11RK Psychology Assessment: Term Paper on The Learning Perspective- It's History and its contributions in Education. The main focus in the behaviorist approach (the learning perspective) is the relationships between the environment and behavior, and this is called learning. There is not much attention to internal events such as biological or cognitive processes in this perspective because these processes cannot be observed directly. Observable behaviors are called responses, and the environmental events that trigger responses are called stimuli. Human experience is understood in terms of the relations between stimuli and responses in the behaviorist perspective. Philosophical origins of the thoughts expressed in behaviorism can be found back in ancient Greece and the discussion of nature versus nurture has continued through all times in Europe. Other influential ideas in this perspective come from the French philosopher Descartes who contended that man consists of a soul and a body (dualism) that can be studied separately. Among the more recent philosophers to support the nurture view are: John Locke (1632-1704) who claimed that man is born as with no innate instincts or knowledge, all experience is attained through the senses (empiricism), and only external stimuli and behavior are valid data in understanding the human being (this is of influence to behaviorism). ...read more.

Middle

Behaviorism promised that people could change, i.e. a new order could be created. Behaviorism was especially popular in the US, and in Britain it coexisted with the experimental psychology, but it was not so popular in the rest of Europe. The behavior theorists' interest in the learning process was suited to the intellectual climate during the first part of the 20th century, especially in the United States. This society was so deeply committed to the individual's effort to improve himself by pushing himself on to greater efforts and acquiring new skills - in numerous public schools and colleges, in night classes for immigrants, dance classes for shy, sources for those who wanted friends etc. There was - and in many ways still is - an enormous faith in the near-limitless malleability of human beings, who were thought to be almost infinitely perfectible by proper changes in their environment, especially through education. Under the circumstances, it was not surprising that learning became (and remains) one of the paramount concerns of American psychology. Behaviorism, or the Learning Perspective has contributed to education, work and clinical therapy in extensive ways. It's applications to education have been through: * Classical conditioning: Many stimuli related to school, subjects and teachers start off being neutral stimuli. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means that the teacher organizes the classroom in a way that encourages children to behave well and learn efficiently in the first place. E.g. by positioning the desks in a particular way and making sure the children have something to do as soon as they get in. This reduces the likelihood that bad behavior will occur and have to be dealt with and increases the amount of good behavior, which can be rewarded. * Social learning theory: SLT includes conditioning and observational learning. Many of the above examples of conditioning in education apply here because the reinforcers and punishers are often social ones. SLT adds observational learning to the picture. For this to happen in an educational setting, the learner needs to observe someone who is already skilled. Good examples include the apprenticeship method of instruction, demonstrations and seating a weak child with a stronger one so they can learn more efficiently by observing what the other child does. It is important to remember that models are more likely to be imitated if they were seen as similar to the learner is some way and if they were effective and powerful yet, warm and friendly. Their behavior should be appropriate, novel and consistent over time. These are some of the contributions of The Learning Perspective in education, and how the theories presented can be applied in educational settings. Word count: 1,301 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Case study on children behavior

    but he didn't want to demonstrate the problems the way I modeled them. If Travis didn't want to rush through his work, I think he would be capable of performing on a higher-cognitive level of thinking. Observation Reflection Travis is capable of behaving appropriately with his teacher and with his peers.

  2. Explain how the history of education has been a process of continual change. You ...

    were determined to provide an education for these child labours.' (Hayes, D. 2006: 59). As a result of this, the Sunday School movement was created by Robert Raikes in 1780 and ragged schools were founded by Charles Gordon. Other institutions such as elementary schools were then created.

  1. Working at a high school: a teacher's perspective

    models, for a model always is in some significant regard, out of date unless the times and the institutions are relatively stable." The last being a huge improbability. Again, Lawn (1987) speculates that the life cycle concept may not be applicable when relating the teacher in the classroom to the wider society and its history.

  2. Discuss the relevance of attribution theory to educational psychology.

    1988, Dweck, 1975), improve performance after failure (Andrews and Debus, 1978, Craske, 1988, Dweck, 1975) and improve academic progress in the long term. In a study of strategy-based reading comprehension in children with learning disabilities, Borkowski, Weyhing and Carr (1988)

  1. Free essay

    Indicate your knowledge of the range of assessment processes available to teachers in your ...

    Whatever the result of the assessment is of pupil learning, I agree with the ARG (1999) that adjusting future teaching as a result of that assessment, is good practice. Finally, two of the other factors highlighted by the ARG (1999)

  2. e learning verses traditional learning

    While on this course I have built up friendships and there is certainly a peer pressure to keep up to date with essays and observations. From my research I discovered that many teachers do not agree with online education. They believe it does not teach them to overcome barriers that might hinder their traditional education.

  1. Higher Learning Skills Portfolio For a PE Teacher.

    Now Elmbridge?s council is estimated to save 6 million pounds over the next 15 years thanks to the investment placed in the new facilities, after which time the centre must be returned to the council. DC leisure centre works closely with various national governing bodies to encourage participation in under represented sports.

  2. EXAMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION FOR THE 5- 19 YEAR OLD CHILDREN WITH ...

    In his definition Cigman accepts that inclusion is a human right that everyone should be given in order for people to feel accepted within their society and be able to participate in mainstream life chances. Inclusion is a way of involving people within their communities to fight exclusion and aims to promote equality (Swain et al.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work