• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychology Assessment: Term Paper on The Learning Perspective- It's History and its contributions in Education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sanam Peshiman Grade 11RK Psychology Assessment: Term Paper on The Learning Perspective- It's History and its contributions in Education. The main focus in the behaviorist approach (the learning perspective) is the relationships between the environment and behavior, and this is called learning. There is not much attention to internal events such as biological or cognitive processes in this perspective because these processes cannot be observed directly. Observable behaviors are called responses, and the environmental events that trigger responses are called stimuli. Human experience is understood in terms of the relations between stimuli and responses in the behaviorist perspective. Philosophical origins of the thoughts expressed in behaviorism can be found back in ancient Greece and the discussion of nature versus nurture has continued through all times in Europe. Other influential ideas in this perspective come from the French philosopher Descartes who contended that man consists of a soul and a body (dualism) that can be studied separately. Among the more recent philosophers to support the nurture view are: John Locke (1632-1704) who claimed that man is born as with no innate instincts or knowledge, all experience is attained through the senses (empiricism), and only external stimuli and behavior are valid data in understanding the human being (this is of influence to behaviorism). ...read more.

Middle

Behaviorism promised that people could change, i.e. a new order could be created. Behaviorism was especially popular in the US, and in Britain it coexisted with the experimental psychology, but it was not so popular in the rest of Europe. The behavior theorists' interest in the learning process was suited to the intellectual climate during the first part of the 20th century, especially in the United States. This society was so deeply committed to the individual's effort to improve himself by pushing himself on to greater efforts and acquiring new skills - in numerous public schools and colleges, in night classes for immigrants, dance classes for shy, sources for those who wanted friends etc. There was - and in many ways still is - an enormous faith in the near-limitless malleability of human beings, who were thought to be almost infinitely perfectible by proper changes in their environment, especially through education. Under the circumstances, it was not surprising that learning became (and remains) one of the paramount concerns of American psychology. Behaviorism, or the Learning Perspective has contributed to education, work and clinical therapy in extensive ways. It's applications to education have been through: * Classical conditioning: Many stimuli related to school, subjects and teachers start off being neutral stimuli. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means that the teacher organizes the classroom in a way that encourages children to behave well and learn efficiently in the first place. E.g. by positioning the desks in a particular way and making sure the children have something to do as soon as they get in. This reduces the likelihood that bad behavior will occur and have to be dealt with and increases the amount of good behavior, which can be rewarded. * Social learning theory: SLT includes conditioning and observational learning. Many of the above examples of conditioning in education apply here because the reinforcers and punishers are often social ones. SLT adds observational learning to the picture. For this to happen in an educational setting, the learner needs to observe someone who is already skilled. Good examples include the apprenticeship method of instruction, demonstrations and seating a weak child with a stronger one so they can learn more efficiently by observing what the other child does. It is important to remember that models are more likely to be imitated if they were seen as similar to the learner is some way and if they were effective and powerful yet, warm and friendly. Their behavior should be appropriate, novel and consistent over time. These are some of the contributions of The Learning Perspective in education, and how the theories presented can be applied in educational settings. Word count: 1,301 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Case study on children behavior

    His seems to admire the support he receives from his family, especially his mother. He is courteous and acknowledges his mother with respect. When he is working with his peers, he wants to maintain control of the current situation. When he feels he is unable to access control or becomes confused, Travis develops anxiety which initiates from frustration.

  2. Explain how the history of education has been a process of continual change. You ...

    were determined to provide an education for these child labours.' (Hayes, D. 2006: 59). As a result of this, the Sunday School movement was created by Robert Raikes in 1780 and ragged schools were founded by Charles Gordon. Other institutions such as elementary schools were then created.

  1. Approaches to assessment in secondary science for PGCE

    of the importance of the role of a child's family in their learning and nurturing. He also believed children learn through structured play at their readiness, in an organised and prepared learning environment. This is similar to the guidelines of the curriculum's and frameworks we use today as children are

  2. The Nature of Science and its Subject Application

    In my opinion, it is analogous to one going to Google Earth and boasting they have seen the Amazon forest in all its glory without leaving their chair. The element of real life discovery seems to lose its meaning. That said, perhaps ICT practical work would be better for SEN students who may have problems doing experiments in real life.

  1. Validity of eer Assessment

    Although the citations used are relatively dated it is often the case that pedagogic change within an institution can be a long and slow process. Within FE National Diplomas have, over this period of time, been subject to a number of new specifications that may also have deterred lecturers from developing new teaching and assessing strategies.

  2. e learning verses traditional learning

    are by far the most commonly used in the western world and throughout the world. Most traditional approaches take on a required amount of in-class hours in order to learn subjects and get qualifications Though there are many new approaches to education, like online learning, the most prestigious educational institutions still follow this traditional approach.

  1. EXAMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION FOR THE 5- 19 YEAR OLD CHILDREN WITH ...

    This is a way of using respectful and inclusive language rather than the use of discriminatory terms such as ?handicapped? which might reinforce prejudice and make acceptance even more difficult both in school and within their communities. It is worth noting that terms like integration, special needs or special education

  2. Higher Learning Skills Portfolio For a PE Teacher.

    The book provides excellent coverage of exercise physiology, touching on the topics of physical conditioning, nutrition, body composition, and metabolism. Every chapter has been fully revised and updated to reflect the latest information in the field. The use of case studies in each chapter enables the reader to get involved and provide a link between theory and real-world applications.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work