• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Recent educational reforms have attempted to increase the equality of opportunity in the education system. How far have they been successful?

Extracts from this document...


Recent educational reforms have attempted to increase the equality of opportunity in the education system. How far have they been successful? There have been a number of changes made to the education system to increase the equality of the learning of the students and their opportunities. There have been many acts passed, but there is still not full equality throughout the education system. In 1988, the Education Act was passed and this resulted in many changes being introduced, which aimed to increase the equality between pupils. In September 1989, The National Curriculum and testing were introduced in all state schools. Students aged between 5 and 16, had to study, to Key Stage 3, the core subjects-science, maths and English, and had to study a number of foundation subjects such as history, sociology, art etc. At the ages of 7, 11, 14 and 16, at the end of the Key Stages, students progress was assessed by the teachers and National Tests in the core subjects. This has provided more equality as students are learning the same subjects. ...read more.


These values are highly thought of among teachers as if the children are not encouraged at home, they tend not to work hard and become successful. Middle class parents expect more from their children and are more interested in their progress. Cultural deprivation is another reason for the underachievement of pupils. Middle class families are more likely to go out to the museum or the library as this will encourage interest in learning and will introduce children to key elements of general knowledge and research skills more quickly. The middle class home tends to have books, CD-ROM's and educational toys. The working class child is less likely to receive this kind of upbringing. At school, teachers can affect a child's achievement by making judgements and classifying the students. If for example, a student behaves well, the teacher is more likely to label them as 'intelligent', whereas a badly behaved student is more likely to be labelled negatively. This is called the 'halo effect'. This can result in the teacher concentrating more on the bright pupils and making them achieve higher. ...read more.


This may be a result of the home background and social class. For many ethnic groups, English is their second language and so find it harder to learn if they are not being taught in their original language. Parents of ethnic groups such as Indian and African-Caribbean, feel their children are underachieving in class as they are not English and so pay for extra tuition and send their children to Saturday schools. The parents also put a lot of pressure on their children to succeed. Other factors for children from ethnic backgrounds underachieving is that the subjects of the hidden curriculum may be biased. For example, History is taught from a European point of view. Also, the teacher and other students may be racist and hold racist attitudes. Students from different ethnic backgrounds may experience discrimination within streaming and entering into lower-level papers in exams. Black people can be made to feel rejected in class, and so this may lead to the student not achieving their full potential. There is also a lack of black teachers. As well as this, they are less likely to be in positions of importance. This can affect the school experiences of ethnic minority students. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. How labelling, streaming and the self-fulfilling prophecy lead to working class underachievement.

    Based upon these stereotypes, a teacher makes their opinions of a student. The label that a teacher gives a student can cause the student to be treated differently. If a teacher thinks a w/c child is an underachiever, they will not give the child as much help and they will keep telling the child that they will fail.

  2. This essay is about discrimination in education system and the impact of learning experiences ...

    All LEAs and schools must lead pupils to understand what is involved in Britain's begin multicultural and multiracial society. Majority of schools promote the multicultural and multiracial of Britain through the differences of the pupils in their schools to the teaching structure that incorporates the languages used by all pupils Black, Irish and Asian etc.

  1. Free essay

    Define the main features of an inner-city school and give one example of how ...

    According to The Guardian (21 November 2003), OFSTED analysed the performance of inner city schools 10 years on from an earlier study. Within its sample, The Guardian (21 November 2003) stated that just over one in 10 primary schools and just over one quarter of secondary schools were found to be struggling to make and maintain improvements.

  2. What affects how parachutes fall?

    expect this to be dependent upon the canopy size in our hypothesis. Our controlled variables are all of the variables which we are going to keep constant: * Length of suspension lines at 30cm each, 4 lines on each parachute.

  1. skeletal system

    this repeatedly then eventually after a year or so you will physically and mentally be more fit, it will stay this way for a long time. Muscular system. The human body has got 630 muscles, these 630 muscle equal 40% of our body weight.

  2. Analysis of the Education System of Bangladesh.

    Development budget is sanctioned for the development purpose of the sector. At this segment allocation has been decreased from previous year. One might think it negatively. But the recent government has taken manifold activities for betterment of education. Among them Infrastructure development, new school establishment, , free education etc mentionable.


    It was thought that in doing this standards would be raised for all schools. As we can see the driving force behind marketistaion was parental choice, but for this to be effective the 1988 act introduced a number of measures aimed at making schools more accountable and the fact that

  2. The educational system in the USA today

    One can work towards two separate degree programs at the same time. Local flexibility ensures that students can take up subjects which coincide with their talents and interest rather than being burdened with subjects that they find difficult to learn.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work