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Research Proposal into English Language Teaching Methods. CA in the colleges of Bangladesh

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Introduction

´╗┐RESEARCH PROPOSAL CA in the Colleges of Bangladesh Introduction This section of introduces the research topic along with its explanation that followed by the background information. Research Topic There are mainly two types of education system existing in Bangladesh: (a) Bengali Medium, and (b) English medium. In secondary and higher secondary level of Bengali medium, there are three systems: (a) General education, (b) Madrasah education, and (c) Vocational education. In Bangladesh, many foreign languages are taught e.g. English, Arabic, French, German, Urdu, Farsi etc. while only English is compulsory subject across primary, secondary, higher secondary and tertiary levels. Earlier in Bangladesh, Grammar Translation Method was used widely at every level to teach English. But recently, curriculum developers of Bangladesh have impressed by CA that sees language learning as a means of communication. They introduced CA of teaching English by the late 1990s in Bangladesh. Since the introduction, CA became the most popular approach of teaching English in Bangladesh. Linguists and researchers are always trying to find out effective methods of language teaching and learning by inventing new method or modifying the existing one. Starting with Grammar Translation Method [GTM], linguists and researchers came across many methods: Direct Methods [DM], Audiolingual Method [ALM], Total Physical Response [TPR], Community Language Learning [CLL], Suggestopedia, Communicative Language Teaching [CLT] and so on. Among these methods, CLT is the modern and most popular method that focuses to develop a learner?s four skills [Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing] in English or any other target language. Despite of this, students who complete their higher secondary education cannot use English for the purpose of communication. Moreover, context of learning and teaching is very important in ELT. ?To be appropriate, a methodology must be sensitive to the prevailing cultures surrounding any given classroom? (Holliday, 1994, p. 161). Therefore, a question is lies that whether the newly adopted CA is suitable in the context of colleges of Bangladesh. ...read more.

Middle

They are expected to take greater degree of responsibility of their own learning (Richards, 2006, p. 5). The students do most of the speaking, and frequently the scene of a classroom during a communicative exercise is active, with students leaving their seats to complete a task. Because of the increased responsibility to participate, students may find they gain confidence in using the target language in general. Students are more responsible managers of their own learning (Larsen-Freeman, 1986, cited in Galloway, 1993, para. 20). In a communicative classroom, learners have the opportunity to express themselves as well as share their own views. Learners? engagement is a priority of communicative approach of language teaching. CA emphasizes on the use of language for communication purpose where direct involvement of teachers and students is must. An activity is in some way derived from the input and sets out what the learners are to do in relation to the input (Cheng-jun, 2006, p. 40). Nunan (1989/2000) proposes three general ways of characterizing activities: 1) rehearsal for the real world; 2) skills use; 3) fluency and accuracy (cited in Cheng-jun, 2006, p. 49). Sam (1990) describes communicative activities having the following characteristics: 1. They are purposeful. They are beyond strictly practicing particular structure. 2. They are interactive. The activities are often conducted with others and often involve some form of discussion. 3. Authentic materials are used. The situation in which the learners have to use language should be as realistic as possible. The language models given should be authentic. 4. They are based on the information gap principle (p. 2). Classroom activities are designed to focus on tasks that involve negotiation and sharing of information. Littlewood (1981) grouped activities into two kinds: 1) functional communication activities that requires students to use their language resources to overcome an information gap or solve a problem, 2) social interactional activities that requires the learner to pay attention to the context and the roles of the people involved, and to attend to such things as formal versus informal language (cited in Richards, 2006, p. ...read more.

Conclusion

Narrative-logic, 7) Most important to least, 8) Dramatic presentation, and 9) No particular order (Chenail, 1995, para. 36-44). To present the qualitative data, I would like to adopt the narrative-logic strategy of data presentation where the data are arranged with an eye of storytelling. Besides, some numerical presentation e.g. line-charts, column, pie-charts etc. will be used to present the quantitative data. Organization My paper will be divided into several sections, the most significant sections are: (a) Introduction that will include the research topic, research questions and background information; (b) Literature Review containing the findings from the secondary sources that will describes the background, principles, techniques of CA; role of teachers and students; teaching activities and so on elaborately; (c) Methodology that will describe the methods used to conduct this research; (d) Results and Discussion, contains the findings of this study with a critical review on the basis of literature review; (5) Conclusion, where the whole study will be summarized. Duration of this Research To conduct this research, I have to read a wide range of literature. I also need to do field work that includes interviewing teachers, students, instutional heads through questionnaires and class observation. After that I have to interpret and analyze the collected data by creating relationship between the variables. I hope to complete the literature review by the end of September, and my data collection by mid-October. My final draft will be ready by the end of November and I will submit my final paper by the end specified deadlines towards the end of this semester. Request for Approval I am enthusiastic to do my research on ?The aptness of CA in the context of colleges of Bangladesh.? I, therefore, request you to approve my proposal. If you wish to modify or improve anything of this proposal, I will submit it making necessary changes. I would be grateful for any suggestion or advice about my research. It is a great pleasure of mine to do my research under your supervision. ...read more.

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