• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution What Happened? : As the result of the Great Leap Forward, China 's economy went in to a major crisis. However, Mao increasingly concerned that he was being push in the background. He had a plan to regain the power. Mao believed that China was still a prisoner of her past. He targeted young people and hoped to push China forward. In 1962 Mao came out of a semi-retirement to launch " Socialist Education Movement" The ten years of chaotic mass struggle began in 1966. This was the campaign to get the Chinese people back on the right path of communism. The " Little Red Book" which contained Mao's thought and ideas was studied and recited by Red Guards. This warship is known as the Cult of personality. It has spread throughout China during the Cultural Revolution. In June 1966, schools and universities were all closed down .In May 1966 students in Beijing began to organize themselves as Red Guards to root out what they called " bourgeois attitudes" in university. They also attacked the Four Olds", old ideas, old cultures, old customs and old habits including anything influenced by the Soviet Union and the West. ...read more.

Middle

They fabricated various excuses to distract the flow of production. They condemned a basic theory that production power decides the relation of production and the character of a society as "Revisionism". Production and construction was destroyed terribly, besides, a birth control program was abandoned. Consequently the population of China increased rapidly, and the quality of civil life deteriorated rapidly As far as food concerned, annual consumption of grain per head of 1966 and 1976 decreased as 1966 was 190.5 kilogram, 1976 was 191.5 kilogram when compared with that of 1956, 204.5 kilogram that was the best. In the field of clothes, annual consumption of cotton per hear decreased in 1966 as 20 feet and 1976 as 23.7 feet, compared with that of 1959, 29.2 feet that was the best. Where housing was concerned, because the investment for housing construction decreased vastly, the people living in cities worried about housing. And the CR made relation of national economy loses their balance. Heavy industry occupied 32.7% as a whole in 1966, the figure raised to 38.9% in 1976. On the other hand, that of agriculture decreased from 35.9% to 30.4%, at the same time light industry also decreased from 31.4% to 30.7%. ...read more.

Conclusion

The exile was supported by Mao's unique method (a communist idea coming from the Soviet), which said, "The more books you read, the more stupid you become", "A school curriculum should be half", and "A normal school term should be short". The idea was that educational substance should be simpler and students should be reeducated practically. In this way about four millions urban graduates were transferred to the countryside or wilderness. Youth faced various problems there. In the way of life, it was hard to adjust them to self-sufficiency. Above all there were many problems in terms of food, housing, and medicine. What did the campaign for students bring in the end? First there was a lack of good talent. There were about a million college students who had neglected their studies, senior high school students were more than two millions. In some regions all the high school graduates were transferred to the countryside, and senior high schools closed completely. More than sixteen million students were forced to do manual labor in the countryside all over China. Some students recommenced with their studies after the revolution, but most students' remained at high school level or below. Difference between the educational levels of China and that of the world grew with the campaign. Political Results ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Teaching section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Teaching essays

  1. Evaluation of Birzeit University MBA Program

    Instructor specializations are as follows: Operations Management, Accounting, Management Studies, Organizational Behavior, Marketing, Information Management, Industrial Relations, Human Resources, Economics, Strategy, International Business, and Finance. Admissions Policy: 1. Application Criteria: To be considered for a place on the Oxford MBA, candidates must be able to demonstrate the following: 2.

  2. Problem formulation - Background of the dissertation.

    Figure 8.2.0 Response Hierarchy Models Sources: Marketing Management by Philip Kotler In our situation, the consumer of EBA's education service has high involvement with the service category and perceives high differentiation within the category. Therefore we will work with the Hierarchy-of effects model (learn, feel, do-see the second column of Figure 8.2.0)

  1. car industry advertising

    The second source where commercials appear is the radio. In this medium ads must be short and do not contain any sophisticated explanations concerning the advertising goods. Advertisements in radio can be heard by a large number of people from different social classes.

  2. Child labor

    ILO Convention 182 (1999 It called for elimination of worst form of child labors which include slavery, sexual labor, illicit activities like drug trafficking and any other work which, by nature, is likely to harm health, morals and safety of children.

  1. MFA phase-out and rise of China: the consequences for the RMG sector in ...

    We analyze the information that we get from web pages, then put the right information here. In our group we divide the topics among our group members. So, it becomes easier for us to do the report properly and effectively.

  2. Mao's Cultural Revolution

    Battalions of youth, enlisting in the Cultural Revolution, marched by singing, "Sailing the Seas Depends on the Helmsman." Mao Zedong had given his approval during his review of the students and put on a Red Guard armband, emblazoned with the three characters "Hong Wei Bing."

  1. The cultural revolution in China and its reforms in education.

    They can learn more experiences by doing practical work. Therefore all educational duration had been shortened. The third reform is to change the substance of education, the education administered under the stewardship of Lin Biao was attacked for having divorced it self from proletarian politics, production, and practice. Mao's prescriptions were that teacher and students should do thing that is more practical and can contribute more to the society.

  2. Valuing Cultural Diversity through Festivals.

    Before the festival begins there are various preparations that must be done in the home. These preparations provide opportunities for activities in schools. Clean the house This is done before Yuan Tan so as not to sweep away any of the New Year good luck.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work