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"The language that students bring with them into the classroom is often restricted and not sufficient to enable the learner to benefit fully from education." What are the reasons for this?

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THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING ASSIGNMENT 2 Contents QUESTION 1 3 QUESTION 2 6 a: demonstration as a teaching method. 6 b. The use of questioning. 7 c. The use of audio-visual aids to support learning. 8 Question 1 "The language that students bring with them into the classroom is often restricted and not sufficient to enable the learner to benefit fully from education." What are the reasons for this? Describe ways by which the teacher might develop students' language skills. Language is the described as the means by which we organise our lives in relation to others. Language is NOT merely the stringing together of words into sentences; rather it is the means by which thought is conveyed and through which concepts are formed. If learners have the necessary vocabulary and rules of language, they should have the means to understand. The motivation for acquiring language lies in the need to communicate. Basil Bernstein's approach to the study if language was an attempt to explain the differences in educational achievement, primarily between working class and middle class children. In Bernstein's view, working class children spoke in 'restricted code' using short, simple, repetitive ungrammatical forms of speech, whereas middle class children used more 'elaborate codes' using longer, more grammatically correct speech forms, enabling them to benefit more fully from education. The language used in textbooks and by the teacher is elaborate code and therefore those students who use the restricted code may sometimes be at a disadvantage by not being able to understand the elaborate code. ...read more.


This is best done in small groups so that more students will participate and can be done at the beginning of a lesson to assess what is already known or at the end of a lesson to establish what has been learnt. One of the most important things for a teacher to remember is never to ridicule the students if they get an answer wrong or to punish language errors. Rather they should simply repeat the correct version in their reply without being obvious. The student must always feel "psychologically safe" in their learning environment. People can also often communicate through non-verbal language as well as verbal, through facial expressions, gestures and body language. Facial expressions can sometimes convey more meaning than words and there interpretation should be part of the teacher's language skills. Conclusion: The language used in communication is of prime importance. The most effective means of effective communication is two-way; everyone has the right to communicate - both teacher and student. Teachers should listen to, and accommodate, the many forms of language used by students and take on the role of helping to improve their language. It is important that the teacher develops teaching strategies to maintain the students' attention thus helping to motivate and develop their language skills. Question 2 Explain the importance of: a: demonstration as a teaching method. When teaching a skill it is very important that we demonstrate how to perform the skill in order to provide a model as the goal providing a visual image of what is to be achieved and allowing students to imitate this. ...read more.


Yes/No, 4520 etc. It is important that a teacher uses open and closed questions in the correct situation. In addition to teachers asking students questions the teacher should always be ready to field questions from students, this form of feedback is essential in reinforcing the students learning experience. c. The use of audio-visual aids to support learning. Audio-visual aids can be used as an extension of the teacher, but must never be used as a substitute. Communication can often be helped by the use of audio-visual aids, but teachers must ensure that they are not using these aids just because they are available. Good planning is very important to ensure that the aid being used is the best one of the task in hand. The aid should be appropriate, uncomplicated and accurate. There are many different types of teaching/learning aids and are all useful depending on the needs of the students. They appeal to different teaching and learning styles and they also appeal to the senses, they add interest through variety, reinforce learning and help to develop understanding. A teacher should never rely solely on verbal lessons; the use of additional audio-visual aids assists the teacher and aids the student's memory retention of a given subject. The most effective audio-visual aid is the teacher and all other aids should be chosen to support the teacher and not the other way round. Audio-visual aids are ideal for use in a summary or conclusion; they assist in the retention of the student's attention and reinforce the lesson. Principles - Assignment 2 2 ...read more.

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