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The role of the Montessori Teacher

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Montessori Philosophy and Theory. Section 1 - Essay Questions QUESTION D: "The Teacher must bring not only the capacity, but the desire to observe natural phenomena. In our system, she must be passive, much more than an active, influence, and her passivity shall be composed of anxious scientific curiosity and of absolute respect for the phenomenon which she wishes too observe. The teacher must understand and feel her position to observer: the activity must lie in the phenomenon." (Dr. Montessori, the Absorbent Mind Chapter 27) Comment on the statement and explain how directress assists the child in his psychic development. This essay explores the following statement, "The Teacher must bring not only the capacity, but the desire... ... ... ... feel her position to observer: the activity must lie in the phenomenon." The statement derives from 'Montessori Teacher's Preparation' position, one that views I. The role of the Montessori teachers as an Observer: "the desire to observe natural phenomena"; there is a need to observe, to learn about the child's specific needs and the sensitive periods that the child goes through. To understand the child's needs, it is important to develop the desire and ability for scientific (systematic) Observation of the child. ...read more.


* Adapting Passive attitude: Montessori stated that "The adult must recognize that he must take second place, endeavour all he can to understand the child, and to support and help him in the development of his life. This should be the aim of mother and teacher. If the child's personality is to be helped to develop, since the child is the weaker, the adult with is stronger personality must hold himself in check, and taking his lead from the child, feel proud if he can understand and follow him." Through the methods of new education discovered by Maria Montessori, her focus was on the needs of the child (i.e. to develop his/her personality) and the role of an adult (parent or teacher). She felt that adult assume the child as an 'empty vessel' and weaker, on the other hand it makes adult strong and the creator of the child. Adult tend to shows their authoritarian and egocentric attitudes towards the child, which should be diminish. Montessori strongly believed that the teacher should put efforts to adapt the passive, active and influence role. She should approach children with humble nature recognizing their role as secondary one. ...read more.


Training of the teacher for scientific observation is more than the mechanical skill of the scientist; that is, the direction of the preparation should be toward the spirit rather than towards the mechanism. There are three elements involves in training the spirit: a) Interest in Humanity: the relationship between the children and the teacher should be a close personal one. The teacher should regard herself "as one that serves". The teacher must limit her interference by leaving the child free to choose his/her work. b) To see children as Individuals: Montessori teacher should treat each child as an individual, unique and unlike any other. Different child has their own potentiality for life, whereas the teacher's duty is to provide a prepared environment for his/her psychic development. Importantly each child is Loved and has the right to Be Loved. c) Faith: The Montessori teacher is constantly looking for a child who is not yet there. The teacher must have a Faith, that the child will reveal himself through work. The Montessori teacher's preparation position has, therefore, made a systematic view of the teacher's role as an Observer that assists the child psychic development. Equally, it is also the qualities of the teacher that supports the role and responsibilities of a good Montessori teacher. ...read more.

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