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Using labelling theory to explain how language, the hidden curriculum, and subcultures may affect a person's experience of school.

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Introduction

ID 40008436 Access to Social Work *Using labelling theory to explain how language, the hidden curriculum, and subcultures may affect a person's experience of school. In this essay I will explain the labelling theory, the hidden curriculum, subcultures and their meanings. I will then explain how they all affect a person's experience of school. Teachers do not know much about there students when they arrive at school, yet by the eighth day the children are already seated at three separate tables and the teachers have made a conclusion as to what type of student they will be. At table one there are the 'fast learners', table two and three are reserved for the 'slower learners'. Labelling consists of three stages, the first stage being speculation, this is where teachers make guesses as to the type of student they ...read more.

Middle

The third stage is stabilization and by now the teacher feels that he/she 'knows' and 'understands' the student. Some students will be regarded as deviants, and for them it will be hard for their behaviour to be seen in a positive light. Once someone has been successfully labelled as criminal or deviant, the label attached may become the dominant label or 'master status' which is seen as more important than all the other aspects of the person. He or she becomes a 'hooligan' or 'thief' rather than a father, mother or friend. Each label carries with it prejudices and images and this may lead to others interpreting the behaviour of the labelled person in a particular way. For example, a person who volunteers to stay late at work is usually seen as worthy of praise, but, if a person has been labelled as a thief, people might be suspicious that they will steal something. ...read more.

Conclusion

The major way in which education functions, is to create a workforce with the personality, attitudes and values to which would benefit those whom control the workforce. Students have little control over the subjects taken at school or how they study them, the teachers give orders, and pupils obey. At school students are encouraged to have satisfaction from the external reward of a qualification. The qualification gives the promise of employment with better pay, and employment gives the external reward of the wage packet. Subculture is the behaviour, beliefs and attitudes of the pupils, however the label given to the student effect the way in which they are taught and expected to behave. After being labelled they are treated differently by their teachers. Not all students can live up to the 'ideal pupil' image, and if they fail to do so, they form there own subcultures which reject the values of the school. ...read more.

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