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What is the discipline of instructional design?

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Instructional Design What is the discipline of instructional design? * What are the critical components of instructional design? * Given your definition of instructional design and your identification of critical components, what skill sets are necessary to be an effective practitioner of instructional design? Instructional design, according to Merrill, Drake, Lacey, and Pratt, is a technology for the development of learning experiences and environments which promote the acquisition of specific knowledge and skill by students. Instructional design is the "scientific" or systematic approach to teaching and training. The instructional design process involves several critical components. The critical components of instructional design involve analysis, strategy, assessment or evaluation, and revision. During analysis, the instructional designer develops a clear understanding of the learner's prior experience, knowledge, and skills and what the desired outcomes and behaviors need to be. ...read more.


To facilitate these critical components, instructional designers or practitioners must have or acquire certain skill sets. Effective instructional designers must have the ability to organize and analyze information, communicate and collaborate effectively with others, solve problems, and conduct and interpret research and data. Because the instructional design process is systematic, practitioners will need to think logically in an organized and orderly fashion. Ideas and information will need to be recorded and utilized. This information, such as a needs assessment, will be used to develop desired goals and then broken down into smaller sub-goals. The practitioner will not only need the ability to organize this data but relay or communicate it to others in the group. ...read more.


Every step will require that the individual applies techniques and strategies to provide effective instructional products and programs. The instructional design model consists of many components that are crucial in order to best educate students. Practitioners and designers will need to acquire or have skill sets specific to the field. Competencies in these areas will not only benefit the students, but enable educators and designers to impact a wide variety of learners. Resources Ertmer, Peggy A. & Quinn, James. (2003) The ID CaseBook Case Studies in Instructional Design. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ Merrill Prentice Hall. Merrill, David M., Drake, Leston, Lacy, Mark J., & Pratt, Jean. (1966). Reclaiming Instructional Design. Educational Technology. 39 (5), 5-7. [On-line] Available: http://www.id2.usu.edu/Papers/Reclaiming.PDF Smith, Patricia L. & Ragan.(1999). Instructional Design, Second Edition. John Riley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. IBSTIPI Competencies for Instructional Design. [On-line] Available: http://www.neiu.edu/~dbehrlic/hrd408/ibstipicompetencies.htm ...read more.

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