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Why Are Girls Achieving Higher Grades Than Boys In Exams?

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Introduction

WHY ARE GIRLS ACHIEVING HIGHER GRADES THAN BOYS IN EXAMS? CANDIDATE NUMBER: CENTRE NUMBER: 47123 CONTENTSSSSSSS SUMMARY OF ABSRACT Why are Girls achieving higher grades in exams than boys? Introduction I have chosen this area of education because it interests me why girls do better than boys in SATs. I found the topic of education the most interesting topic of sociology so far this term. My title for the coursework is 'Why are girls achieving higher grades then boys in exams?' I thought about basing my coursework more around the factor of age, and if it was too early for children to take SATs at the age of seven. However, I decided to do this title, as it interests me how it has changed form being boys outperforming girls from primary school through to university, and gradually girls have caught up and taken over the boys and are now the higher achievers out of the two. I plan to gather research, by asking a group of boys and a group of girls, all different ages, and a few questions about maths and English and seeing which group out performs the other. I would use different age groups aswell, to see whether it is different for children of different ages. I would also like to produce a questionnaire, and hand them out to teachers and some students from different schools, to see what questions they can answer, and then gather up the marks and see whether the difference is still there with the males and the females. I would also like to interview a teacher on how boys and girls attitudes to teaching are different, and how, if they had a class of boys, and a class of girls, would their teaching methods change for each class and why. Three questions I have chosen to look into are: * Is there a gap between the boys and girls exam marks all the way through education, from primary school right up to university? ...read more.

Middle

However Mitsos and Browne were careful to balance such comments with recognition of continuing disadvantages for girls in education and women in society as a whole. Methodology I decided to conduct a questionnaire as part of my primary research, and I collected some league tables from the internet for my secondary data. I also collected 16 tables and figures from various books and websites. Questionnaires I sent out twenty questionnaires to twenty people in my sampling frame which was a register of people in my class. The technique that I used to get these people is a stratified sample. I divided the sampling frame into boys and girls and the n picked names out of a hat as to who got chosen out of these lists. I did this because I needed an equal number of boys and girls so that I had a representative of the whole sampling frame. When I conducted the questionnaires I asked the questions and filled out the forms for them, so that I could almost rule out any interviewer bias with these. As I thought that if I left them to fill these questionnaires out on their own they might think that I wanted specific answers, so I chose to get the information that way. I think questionnaires are a good form of collecting research and data as they are quick to make and relatively cheap to handle and send out. I found when I was asking people these questions; they were rather excited that I was asking them to fill out my questionnaires. I conducted a pilot study with my questionnaires aswell, to see if all the questions were ok to ask, and not too personal for people to ask. I asked my sister if she would fill out the questionnaire and then tell me her thoughts and opinions about it, and if there is anything that I can change to make this questionnaire any better and easier for people to answer. ...read more.

Conclusion

I would ask the teacher questions like how girl's attitudes to learning are different than the attitude of boys to learning, and if there is a difference in their grade attainments at what ever level that teacher teaches at. Another question that I would ask would be how the children behaved in class, does the teacher deal with teaching each sex of pupil in a different way, and if so, why? If I had a lot of time, I would interview three different teachers; one from a primary school, one from a secondary school teacher, and one from a university, if this was possible. Another way I collected information was to go on the internet and find some results for GCSE level for boys and girls in 2001. I collected these, as this the official statistics posted by the government, so I felt I could rely quite heavily on these for some accurate results. These results were very conclusive. In most of the subjects, even the ones that more males were entered for, females got a larger pass rate than males, and more males achieved grades D-U. This can be seen on the graphs that I completed to show these results. I think this was a good way to look at how boys and girls were achieving at this particular level, as these were taken from government statistics. A problem with these results though, is that they are from 2001, and now we are in 2004, the trend could have changed since then. If I was to do the study again, with unlimited funds, I would send off for the GCSE results that I found in 2001, for the last 10 years, and see if the pattern has changed. I think I should do this because in my study now, I only have the results for one year, if I had them for ten years then I would be able to comment more accurately on the results, and suggest more accurate reasons for this, and also see if the trends have changed at all. ...read more.

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