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Why do educators need to know about both developmental psychology and theories of learning and teaching? Explain with reference to primary, secondary or adult education.

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Introduction

Why do educators need to know about both developmental psychology and theories of learning and teaching? Explain with reference to primary, secondary or adult education. Educators need to be experienced in both fields of, developmental psychology and the different theories of learning and teaching. Both are essential when becoming a professional educator. As there are individual needs to be met, as you will be teaching various different types of pupils varying from primary, secondary and also higher education. This essay will be explaining the process of developmental psychology and the different theories there are to learning and teaching. Hence then to go on to explain why this is relevant to educators in primary schools today. Developmental psychology includes issues such as the extent to which development occurs through the gradual increase of knowledge versus stage-like development, or the extent to which children are born with natural mental structures versus learning through experience. Many researchers are interested in the interaction between personal characteristics, the individual's behaviour, and environmental factors including social context, and their impact on development; others take a more narrowly focused approach. Developmental psychology informs several applied fields, including: educational psychology and child psychopathology. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore psychological theories based on child development notify the educator the ways psychologist think and study development. The ideas we have about human nature will affect how we explain the role of experience in development. As for years many people have debated with this issue regarding the ways in which how we really are developed. The two factors that are involved in the way we are developed are our genetic inheritance and our environment. This is called the nature-nurture issue. (Slater and Bremmer, 2003). The nature-nurture issue affects all aspects of development linking to cognitive development and also physical development too. As educators you should be able to identify the difference stages of experience and development. Attachment theory, originally developed by John Bowlby, focuses on close, intimate, emotionally meaningful relationships. Attachment is described as a biological system that evolved to ensure the survival of the infant. A child who is threatened or stressed will move toward caregivers who create a sense of physical, emotional and psychological safety for the individual. The general context of development for an individual are; their immediate family, extended family and friends, teachers, societies, media, government and friends parents. "Progress toward maturity by qualitative rather than quantitative advancement". ...read more.

Conclusion

This field explores, cognitive development, problem solving, social, personality, emotional development and self concept. Developmental psychology informs several applied fields, including physical development which has been mentioned in this essay. Furthermore, knowing about different theories of learning and teaching is really important as each child in the classroom has different needs, which need to be met by the teacher. Knowing about different learning and teaching methods is an advantage, as you will be able to help pupils in your class as not everyone learns the same way and just using the same method. Gives time for the teacher to observe the pupils more when they are not teaching the class formally and to spend more one to one time with each pupil to meet their needs. Referencing: Websites Motor and Cognitive development html [online] Available from: http://allpsych.com/psychology101/development.html (accessed 02/12/08) Books DWMcNally (1974) 'Piaget, Education and Teaching'. New Education Press: England. Hubbard, E cited by Gruwell, E McCourt, and F (2007) The Teacher. The gigantic book of teacher's wisdom. Skyhorse publishing Inc pg 9 Reber, A (1985) "The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology". Penguin London Ltd. Slater, A. and Bremner, G. (2003) An Introduction to developmental psychology. USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Vygotsky, cited in Donaldson, M (1978) Why Children Find School Learning Difficult. Children's Minds William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd, Glasgow pg 94 ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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