• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Plan of investigation - To what degree is the Bois Caiman incident in Haiti at 14th of August 1791 a legend and what are facts?

Extracts from this document...


A Plan of investigation To what degree is the Bois Caiman incident in Haiti at 14th of August 1791 a legend and what are facts? This investigation seeks to evaluate the nature around the Bois Caiman ceremony and whether or not it affected the Haitian revolution 1791-1804, or actually occurred at all. In the evening of August 21 1791 the first great slave rebellion in Haiti occurred and it's believed that this rebellion was organised on a secret slave meeting at August 14 in the Bois Caiman woods on Haiti. Some say at this day Haiti gave itself to the devil, others say slave rebellion leaders arranged the meeting, some historians even claim that the meeting never occurred, or that it was organised by the French governor to show the rich white people on Haiti that they needed French support and therefore should remain a French colony. Gathering information about the topic proved to be more difficult than assumed. Sources have mainly been internet web pages, and interviews with historians through mail and chat. There are remarkably few books written about the subject as well, so the information gathered in this essay comes from quite a variety of sources. ...read more.


However as stories told through generations has a tendency to be slightly exaggerated one should be careful with how much one can rely on personal interviews with grandsons of those that lived at the time in question. Rachel Beavoir-Dominique also mentions that it's odd that Antoine Dalmas was able to predict the exact sacrifice of a black pig which is a petro Voodoo rite if he knew nothing of it. Dominique's investigation is an important factor I've taken into account in the investigation. First hand interviews are always interesting, and these clearly shows signs that something happened a night in Bois Caiman 1791. Her findings clearly contradicts the theory Hoffmann, and I'll use parts of her information when forming a conclusion. D Analysis A problem with analysing the Bois Caiman meeting is that the sources are so contradicting. Leon-Francois Hoffmann is the main contradiction of all other sources. He claims that the Bois Caiman meeting never occurred at all7. That France would've kept records if anything like that happened, and since it's not mentioned in the French national Archive it didn't happen. He uses Antoine Dalmas as a proof to back up his theory. ...read more.


This meeting was of a more religious nature, here a Houngan priest sacrificed a pig, and the people drunk its blood. Presumably a woman at the meeting became processed by the Warrior Spirit Oungon, and gave his support to the slaves. There are many memories of this meeting up to today, songs being sung about it and oral stories tells of how the sky opened up. This final conlucsion is pieced together by facts from most of my sources, and it seems like this is the way it all went by. There's reason to believe the Bois Caiman meeting was organised and existed, and that it encouraged slaves everywhere to fight the white planters and end years of torture. F List of Sources Corbett, Bob Haiti page http://www.webster.edu/~corbetre/haiti/haiti.html Including a Haiti mailing list, book reports and discussions regarding all Haitian aspects http://www.webster.edu/~corbetre/haiti/history/revolution/revolution1.htm Geggus, David 'The Bois Caiman ceremony' Journal of Caribbean history Beavoir-Dominique, Rachel http://www.anycities.com/koridobaskya/ Hoffmann, Leon-Francois 1984 Haitian Fiction Revisited Passeggiata Press Bishop Jeune, Joel http://www.jesus.org.uk/dawn/1998/dawn9802.html 1 http://www.yorku.ca/nhp/seminars/law.rtf 2 Geggus, David The Bois Caiman ceremony page 134 3 http://www.webster.edu/~corbetre/haiti/history/revolution/revolution1.htm 4 http://www.jesus.org.uk/dawn/1998/dawn9802.html 5 http://www.anycities.com/koridobaskya/ 6 Hoffmann, Leon-Francois Haitian Fiction Revisited p.185-212 7 Hoffmann, Leon Francois Haitian Fiction Revisited p. 185-212 8 http://www.jesus.org.uk/dawn/1998/dawn9802.html 9 http://www.jesus.org.uk/dawn/1998/dawn9802.html 10 http://www.yorku.ca/nhp/seminars/law.rtf 11 Daniel Simidor in a mail to Bob Corbette's haiti mail group ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1700-1799 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1700-1799 essays

  1. The Heads of a Plan document is a key primary source in determining why ...

    This secondary source provides a very interesting article which supports the traditional argument. Not only does G. J. Abbott favour the original idea of founding a convict colony solely in order to solve the problem of overcrowded prisons in Britain

  2. Through examining the historians Georges Lefebvre and Alfred Cobban, what are the underlying factors ...

    value of statistical data, the consideration in determining social class was wealth and income, as consistent with the historical materialism aspect of Marxist history. Therefore, through his particular awareness of class division and the importance he places on materialism, the class distribution in a particular community was to be reconstructed from fiscal records concerning income and property10.

  1. It is true that Comrade Mao Tse-tung made gross mistakes during the 'Cultural Revolution', ...

    The same can be said for many of the reforms before 1992;which brought about the two tier pricing system and opened up specific regions for international trade. All of these policies, and the resulting economic growth, were the result of correcting the first class of mistakes made under Mao involving the poorly run economy.

  2. The Enlightenment laid the foundations of the French Revolution

    of clerical category; thus yeoman farmers, peasants, urban workers, middle class shopkeepers, and extraordinarily wealthy businessmen were all lumped together in the same house and very little distinction was made between them. The one thing the third estate did had in common amongst on another was dissatisfaction with the current state of affairs in France.

  1. Define the changing relationship between masters and slaves in the antebellum South

    of white landowners, unable to organise themselves into political groups, bound as much by their own diverse cultures as their white masters' suppressive and often brutal treatment. This dehumanisation of slaves was institutionalised in law in 1705 in Virginia; although various seventeenth century statutes had limited the rights of blacks

  2. Why was there a terror in France?

    By this time the French had been driven out of the Rhineland leaving 20000 men left in Mainz19. Along with military losses, the new French Republic was suffering invasions. The Spanish had invaded Roussillon on the 18th May 179320, and then the Austrians invaded Conde and then Valenciennes in July21.

  1. How does John Reed's eye-witness account help the historian to understand the Russian Revolution?

    Internal social discontent can be seen to have been in existence as far back into Russia's history as the 1860s4. However the dwindling of patriotic ardor which consequently saw the rise of domestic political examination essentially came to a peak in 1905.

  2. Depictions of the Boston Massacre 1770. Though the newspaper article and the engraving had ...

    However, despite these dissimilarities, both pieces of propaganda demonstrate the quickness with which news travelled in the few years preceding the American Revolution, as well as the various modes of communication with which news was carried throughout the colonies. From its conception in 1755, the Boston Gazette, and Country Journal,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work