• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact of the opening of the Atlantic World in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries on the future economic development of the Caribbean region

Extracts from this document...


The University of the West Indies St. Augustine Faculty of Humanities and Education Department of History Coursework Assignment Name: Lyndon C. Harrington ID#: 809001640 Course: Caribbean Economic History (Hist. 2005) Lecturer: Dr. Heather Cateau Question #1: Assess the impact of the opening of the Atlantic World in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries on the future economic development of the Caribbean region Greed is an excessive desire to possess wealth or goods; the word greed in Latin can also be known to mean avarice or covetousness and like the sins of lust and gluttony, the sin of greed is one of excess. Now define irony, the same people who came to the Caribbean to colonize in the name of God were compelled by greed. Saint Thomas Aquinas, can be quoted as saying that greed was "a sin against God, just as all mortal sins, in as much as man condemns things eternal for the sake of temporal things." This is beside the point, however, if we look at the opening of the Atlantic World as what it represented other than what it was at surface level, the assessment would be greater. It is premised that, following the rise of sustained European contact with the New World in the 16th Century, the continents that bordered the Atlantic Ocean - the Americas, Europe and Africa - constituted a regional system or common sphere of economic and cultural exchange. ...read more.


The receiver (encomenderos) could exact tribute from the Indians and was required to protect them and instruct them in the Christian faithii). The Europeans could accomplish all of this for two reasons: technological superiority and disease.iii This miniature form of slavery would lead to the Europeans great dependency on human or physical labour to reap the rewards of newly colonized lands. This small relatively small scale benefit in the induction of slave labour (because that is what it was) by the Spanish depleting the Amerindian work force, this left other colonizers post-Columbus, the task of finding replacements. (What killed the Tainos in 1493 and 1495? Was it maltreatment, cold, hunger? Overwork? Yes, and no doubt about it, but could this be the entire answer? The hale and hearty immune system of one's prime years of life, when challenged by unprecedented invaders, can overreact and smother normal body functions with inflammation and edemaiv Death was the most common factor within colonization next to growth in metropolitan economy, the fall in said same, and the rise of other European countries being the envy of its rivals. The coming of the British, French, and the Dutch into the Caribbean came as a result of many endogenous factors, mainly, the growth of Spanish wealth in the New World. The rise of the Bullion concept and the effect of Mercantilism swung the hands of change. ...read more.


the Metropolis' desire for wealth and the preferential treatment by foreign and local states. Sources Armitage, David, and M. J. Braddick. The British Atlantic world, 1500-1800 . Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. Benjamin, Thomas. The Atlantic world: Europeans, Africans, Indians and their shared history, 1400-1900. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Curtin, Philip DeArmond. The Atlantic slave trade. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press (January 15, 1972), 1970 Karras, Alan L., and John Robert McNeill. Atlantic American societies from Columbus through abolition, 1492-1888. London: Routledge, 1992. Knight, Franklin W., and Peggy K. Liss. Atlantic port cities: economy, culture, and society in the Atlantic world, 1650-1850. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1991. Sheridan, Richard B., and Roderick A. McDonald. West Indies accounts: essays on the history of the British Caribbean and the Atlantic economy in honour of Richard Sheridan. Kingston, Jamaica: Press, University of the West Indies, 1996. i Thomas Benjamin, The Atlantic World: Europeans, Africans, Indians and Their Shared History, 1400-1900 (2009) ii L. B. Simpson, The Encomienda in New Spain (rev. ed. 1966); J. F. Bannon, Indian Labor in the Spanish Indies(1966). iii Alan L. Karras, John Robert McNeill Atlantic American societies: from Columbus through abolition, 1492-1888 iv Migratory and cultural relationships between Europe and British America are discussed in Bernard Bailyn, Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of the Americas on the Eve of the Revolution (New York, 1986) ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1500-1599 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1500-1599 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was there a decisive change in ideas about masculinity and femininity

    of girls was generally, although not always, confined to areas like embroidery, French, music and household management. Lower on the social scale, men were still taught according to their superior strengths and abilities, often learning a trade through an apprenticeship.

  2. History 1500

    telling them were all too frequent, for all the Spanish knew the Indians could have been completely contradictory to what was thought to have been said, that the Spanish only 'heard' what they wanted to hear from the Indians.

  1. Tudor Coursework - Elizabethan foreign policy.

    A Protestant trader trespassing on Spanish Catholic soil did not impress Philip II. To make maters worse Elizabeth knighted Drake. By this time English trade in the Netherlands was grinding to a halt. In 1576 the sack of Antwerp took place, which led to direct English intervention in the Dutch civil war.

  2. Assess the view that the Dutch rebels challenged Philip IIs rule primarily in defense ...

    Philip's attempt to centralise his empire further deprived the landed nobles of their liberty to govern their territory as they saw fit. To make matters worse, by appointing two foreigners, Granvelle and subsequently Alva, Philip implemented what could only be described as unwise policies, exacerbating an already difficult situation.

  1. Did the acquisition of Portugal in 1580 represent a greater success for Philip II ...

    much greater success for Philip than the victory of Lepanto, which only drained the Spanish treasury. In terms of Philip's reputation and the glory of Spain both the Lepanto victory and the acquisition of Portugal to an extent represented a success.

  2. Anne Boleyn - historians such as G. W. Bernard, E. W. Ives and Retha ...

    He also finds faults' regarding Cromwell's supposed motives against Anne. He exposes what he feels are inadequacies of explanation such as the idea that Cromwell sided with Anne's enemies over issues of foreign policy and monetary distribution even though Cromwell and Anne had been close and she held the position of Queen.

  1. A summary of the themes covered in St. Xaviers letter to the Society of ...

    He despises Hinduism so much as to say that it is a religion of devil worshippers who could only be saved if they were baptized. He accuses the Brahmins, who were the religious leaders of Hinduism, of being ?wicked?, ?perverse?, ?crafty?, ?superstitious?, ?ignorant?, ?liars and cheats?.

  2. Bernal Diazs Misconstructions of the Reasons for Spanish Victory. In Bernal Diaz del ...

    According to Diaz, much of the Spanish success in Mexico was the result of Spanish valor. During one of the skirmishes, Diaz describes the Aztec soldiers as "great warriors" with "fearful broadswords"2. He chronicles in detail the strength of the Indian force - and how the Spanish forces "could not endure [the attack]"3.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work