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B.R. Chopras interpretative rendition of Ludhianvis poem in the movie Sadhna, aims to symbolically capture this subtle irony. He uses light, mirrors, statues and choreography to capture both the essence of Ludhianvis poem and to subtly mock

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Aurat By Sahir Ludhianvi (1958) 1 Aurat ne janam diya mardon ko 2 Mardon ne ussey bazaar diya 3 Jab jee chaha masla kuchla 4 Jab jee chaha dutkaar diya 5 Tulti hai kaheen dinaron mein 6 Biktee hai kaheen bazaaron mein 7 Nangee nachvayee jaati hai 8 Ayashon ke darbaron mein 9 Yeh voh beizaat cheez hai jo 10 Bat jaati hai izaat daron mein 11 Mardon ke liye har zulam ravan 12 Aurat ke liye rona be khataa 13 Mardon ke liye lakhon sezein 14 Aurat ke liye bas eik chitah 15 Mardon ke liye har aish ka haq 16 Aurat ke liye jeena bhi sazah 17 Jin hothon ne inko pyaar diya 18 Un hothon ka beopaar kiya 19 Jis kokh mein inka jism dhalaa 20 Us kokh ka karobaar kiya 21 Jis tan se ughe kopal banke 22 Us tan ko zaleelo khaar kiya 23 Mardon ne banayee jo rasme 24 Unko haq ka furmaan diya 25 Aurat ke zindaa jalne ko 26 Qurbaani aur balidaan kaha 27 Kismat ke badle roti di 28 Aur isko bhi ehsaan kaha 29 Sansaar ki har aik behsharmee 30 Gurbat ki godh mein palti hai 31 Chaklon mein hee ah ke rukti hai 32 Phakon se jo raah nikal ti hai 33 Mardon ki hawas hai jo aksar 34 Aurat ke paap mein dhal ti hai 35 Aurat hi sansaar ki ksmet hai 36 Phir bhi taqdeer ki haitee hai 37 Avtaar peyambar janti hai 38 Phir bhi shaitaan ki beti hai 39 Yeh voh badkismet maa hai jo 40 Beton ki sejj peh laitee hai Aurat By Sahir Ludhianvi (1958) Movie: Sadhna Directed By: B.R. Chopra 1 Aurat ne janam diya mardon ko 2 Mardon ne ussey bazaar diya 3 Jab jee chaha masla kuchla 4 Jab jee chaha dutkaar diya 5 Aurat ne janam diya mardon ko... 6 Tulti hai kaheen dinaron mein 7 Biktee hai kaheen bazaaron mein 8 Nangee nachvayee jaati hai 9 Ayashon ke darbaron mein 10 Yeh voh beizaat cheez hai jo 11 Bat jaati hai izaat daron mein 12 Aurat ne janam diya mardon ko... ...read more.

Middle

It is her "taqdeer" (Urdu for fate). It is her "badkismat" (Urdu for her bad fate). She may give birth to "Saints and prophets" (37), but regardless of her service, she remains a "fiend" (38). Her utter damnation is irreversible, written in the stars, fated to happen regardless of her efforts and tragic till the end of time. Ludhianvi culminates with a single image- her deplorable lot, a "thing" again, a mere decoration that must serve her son. Sahir Ludhianvi's poem "Aurat", if viewed in contrast to the Hindu society at which it is aimed, remains laden with irony. Considering that in the pantheon of Hindu gods and goddesses, one goddess, the supreme mother goddess Durga remains above all gods and goddesses in power, knowledge, strength, wisdom and love. It is described in Hindu texts dating the prehistoric Indus Valley civilization, the story of a time when even the mighty Hindu gods in heaven were unable to defeat a demon so powerful that he had overwhelmed their powers and the gods had to leave heaven, defeated. It is written that there came a point when finally, individually defeated, the gods decided to combine all their powers to see what would happen. It is written that, "all the energies of the gods united and became a supernova, throwing out flames in all directions. Then that unique light, pervading the Three Worlds [heaven, earth and the underworld] with its luster, combined into one, and became a female form". 1 The female form was given the name, Durga, which translates in Sanskrit as "the inaccessible". 2 However, academics reveal that the goddess' name does not mean "inaccessible" in the limiting sense understood by patriarchal society, but rather as "one-in-herself", or as "belonging-to-no-man". Academics similarly deliberate that her name also means "beyond reach", an "echo of the woman warrior's fierce, virginal autonomy."3 Nitin Kumar notes in his article "Durga", that her divine power does not depend on her relation to a husband-god, and her actions are not dependent on the need to "conciliate such a one or to accord with his qualities and attitudes". ...read more.

Conclusion

Lakshman cleared his throat and said: "Who are you, maiden? Do you come from these parts?""Not far from here," said the beautiful woman, while the covering on her bosom slipped a little without her noticing it. "Lord," she said, going up to Ram and touching his arm, "let's go a little way from here. There's a place not far away where you can get some rest." Within the beautiful body, the rakshasi's heart beat fiercely, but with trepidation."I don't mind," said the godly one slowly. "But what's a woman like you doing here alone? Aren't you afraid of thieves?" "I know no fear, Lord," she said. "Besides, seeing you, whatever fear I might have had melts away.""Before I go with you," conceded Ram, "I must consult my brother - and tell him what to do when I've gone." [The girl] said: "Whatever pleases you, Lord," but thought: 'I've won him over; I can't believe it. My prayers are answered.' Ram went to Lakshman and said: "This creature's beginning to tire me. Do something." "Like what?" said Lakshman. He was sharpening the blade of his knife. Ram admired the back of his hand and said moodily: "I don't know. Something she'll remember for days. Teach her a lesson for being so forward." Lakshman got up wearily with the knife still in one hand, and Ram said under his breath: "Don't kill her, though." A little later, a howl was heard. Lakshman came back; there was some blood on the blade. "I cut her nose off," he said. "It," he gestured toward the knife, "went through her nostril as if it were silk. She immediately changed back from being a paradigm of beauty into the horrible creature she really is. She's not worth describing," he said as he wiped his blade, and Ram chuckled without smiling. "She was in some pain. She flapped her arms and screamed in pain and ran off into the forest like an agitated beast."5 Before the story continues, it is of great debate what, exactly, the myth notes that Lakshmana does to the 'demon' woman. ...read more.

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